Freedom is for him who obeys Allaah and believes

Lesson # 669 From Holy Qur’aan

Freedom is for him who obeys Allaah and believes

‘Al-Maaa-‘idah (the Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)–Stage – 2

Verses –114 & 115 of 120, Section – 15 of 16 (Part One-Fourth of 7)

BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

Banff National Park. Moraine Lake. Canada

Lesson – 2

Another discourse, which can be understood here, is that the purpose of the supplication by Jesus (peace be upon Him) was that, when ready (for eating) sustenance will be available for the people, they will remain engaged maximum time in the Remembrance and Worship of Allaah Almighty heartily. Their dissensions and mutual disputes will come short. They will become able to control their desires, and it will become easy for the people to live like priests and monks. It was the actual reason of saying to the people by Jesus (peace be upon Him) before supplication: Fear Allaah, if you are true Believers. The aim of warning the people in this manner was: As you ask for such facilities and comforts, so after that, the abstinence and piety of highest standard will be claimed from you. Have you so much strong belief that when you will be spared from labor of earning, will you not pass that time in immoral amusement, gambols and games? Will you continue in close contact with the works of Allaah’s Will every time instead of those evil deeds?

 

In reply to above questions they assured Jesus (peace be upon Him) that after getting down the Table Spread with Food from the heaven, they would dwell as thankful servants of Allaah Almighty. After hearing their answer, Jesus (peace be upon Him) supplicated and asked for the Table Spread with Food from Allaah Almighty, He commanded as answer to the supplication: I shall send the Table Spread with Food down. But after it the person, who will disbelieve, will not be pious and thankful to Me, surely I will punish him with a punishment wherewith I shall not punish any of My creatures.

 

In the supplication of Jesus (peace be upon Him), there is a request of two things – the Table Spread with Food and the Sustenance. There are different opinions of the people regarding the Table Spread of Food. Some people say: It was sent down by Allaah Almighty, but many others say: that was not sent down. However the supplication regarding wideness in the sustenance and easiness was accepted. That is to say; the person, who will adapt lawful methods of earning, he will be given wideness in the income, but there is a condition in it too, that the person, who will spend this income in good works and lawfully, and will obey the commands of Allaah Almighty, will find freedom. But the wealthy misers and evildoers will be punished severely, whereas the poor persons will not be punished due to this kind of punishment. The Jews and the Christians particularly of that time were benefitted due to the supplication. The doors of the wealth were opened for the both nations in the world, although the Jews suffered disgrace also along with the wealth due to the reason that they disbelieved in Jesus (peace be upon Him).

 

 

The Christians were fortunate in getting wealth and respect because they believed in Jesus (peace be upon Him). The warning of Christ (peace be upon Him) did exist, they would have to remember it that the sources of income, which have been made practicable for them. After earning the wealth, if they would spend it in evil deeds and searching their greatness, then it would be meant that it would be disbelief in God, which might be cause of Allaah’s wrath. Even if they are not punished properly in the world, but they can never get rid of on the Day of Resurrection.

 

 

Alas! The Christians became proud due to the wealth and forgot that part of the supplication of Christ (peace be upon Him), in which the disbelievers were threatened from the wrath. 

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)

Supplication by Jesus (peace be upon Him)

Lesson # 668 From Holy Qur’aan

Supplication by Jesus (peace be upon Him)

‘Al-Maaa-‘idah (the Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)–Stage – 2

Verses –114 & 115 of 120, Section – 15 of 16 (Part One-Fourth of 7)

BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

114.  Jesus, son of Mary, said: O Allaah, Lord of us! Send down for us a Table Spread with Food from Heaven, that it may be a feast for us, for the first of us and for the last of us, and a sign from Thee. And give us sustenance, for indeed Thou art the Best of Sustainers.

 

115.  Allaah said: Lo! I shall send it down for you. And whoso disbelieveth of you afterward, him surely will I punish with a punishment wherewith I shall not punish any of (My) creatures.        

114.  Qaala  ‘Iisabnu-  Marya-MAllaahumma  Rabbanaaa  ‘anzil  ‘alaynaa  Maaa-‘idatam-minas-Samaaa-‘i  takuunu  lanaa  ‘iidalli-  ‘awwa-linaa  wa  ‘aakhirinaa  wa  ‘Aayatam-minKa  war-zuqnaa  wa  ‘Anta  Khay-rur-Raaziqiin.  

 

115.  QaaLAllaahu  ‘Innii  munaz-ziluhaa  ‘alaykum.  Famany-yakfur  ba’-du  minkum  fa-‘Inniii  ‘U-‘azzi-buhuu  ‘azaabal-laaa  ‘U-‘azzibu-huuu  ‘ahadam-minal-‘aalamiin.                               

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Lesson

Maaa-‘idatan – (the Table Spread with Food), this word indicates toward the wish of the companions of Jesus (peace be upon Him), that the Table Spread with prepared Food should be sent down from Heaven by Allaah Almighty and they should be given everything without any struggle.

 

As per previous verse, when the disciples, who believed in Christ (peace be upon Him) said: We do not want to test Allaah Almighty, but we request only for His particular Kindness, so that we may be grateful to Him freely and engage in His worship whole heartily and obey His commands and Your truth may be quite evident upon us and we may see its sign clearly.

 

Then Jesus (peace be upon Him) supplicated: Our Lord! Only You are Able to fulfill and provide our all requirements. Kindly do not keep us necessitous of struggle in getting needful things but send down for us a Table Spread with Food from Heaven, that it may be a feast and pleasure for us, for the first of us and for the last of us, and an open sign of Your Kindness may come in our hands. You are the Best of the Sustainers for all of us and certainly the sustenance comes from You in each condition. You can change the method of providing the sustenance without any delay. Everything is Your Power. Neither anyone can be equal to You in providing food and sustenance, nor can act like You, whether someone is much liberal or wealthy.  

 

It is clear that this supplication of Jesus (peace be upon Him) was for providing facility to the companions so that they may thank Allaah Almighty and obey His Commands whole the time.

 

As a reply to the supplication of Jesus (peace be upon Him), Allaah Almighty commanded: I shall send it down for you, but keep it in mind that whoso will disbelieve of you afterward, him surely will I punish with a punishment wherewith I shall not punish any of My creatures.

 

After this, there is no description in the Holy Qur’aan whether the Table Spread of Food was sent down or otherwise, because only those matters have been mentioned in the Holy Qur’aan, which have any guidance for the humankind. A very useful matter has been explained in the supplication of Jesus (peace be upon Him) and its reply, which needs special attention of the human being. It could not be decided till today that whether the Table Spread with Food was sent down or not. Some persons say: That was sent down but the people did not thank God. Those people were punished and that was stopped to be sent down. Some of them have opinion: The people frightened after listening the reply of the supplication of Jesus (peace be upon Him) and they took back their request.

 

We have been taught many useful matters in it. At first, if the Messengers (peace be upon Them) are helpless in front of Allaah Almighty, then what is the position of those friends (saints) of Allaah Almighty, who are called ‘Awliyaaa’. We should understand properly the difference between the Creator and the creature. The Messengers (peace be upon Them) and ‘Awliyaaa’ “saints” (may God be Kind upon them) all are servants of Allaah Almighty and He is The Ruler upon all of the creatures. The Servants can supplicate only. To accept or reject the supplication is in the Power of Allaah Almighty. The aim from it is to falsify the claim of the Christians that “Jesus (peace be upon Him) is son of God (May God Forbid). And we would have to learn from it that there is much difference between Allaah Almighty (God) and the servant. Besides this, there is another lesson to be learnt that the human being should earn the wealth by those ways, which have been determined lawful, and for this purpose everyone must do at least some labor. One should not try or wish to get sustenance, in a state of ease and comfort, by supplications and uncommon ways etc., because it is not easy to be thankful to Him and the end of being thankless is not other than His wrath. And the biggest wrath is that the mankind becomes proud, Satan or mere animal.

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)

None should cross the bounds of God

Lesson # 667 From Holy Qur’aan

None should cross the bounds of God

‘Al-Maaa-‘idah (the Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)–Stage – 2

Verses –112 & 113 of 120, Section – 15 of 16 (Part – 7)

BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

112.  When the disciples said: O Jesus, son of Mary! Is Thy Lord Able to send down for us a TABLE SPREAD WITH FOOD from heaven? He said: Fear Allaah, if ye are true Believers.

                                       

113.  They said: We wish to eat thereof, that our hearts may become satisfied and that we may know that Thou hast spoken truth to us, and that thereof we may be witnesses.     

112.  ‘Iz  qaalal-Hawaa-riy-yuuna  yaa-‘Iisabna-  Maryama  hal  yas-tatii-‘u  Rabbuka  ‘any-yunazzila  ‘alaynaa  MAAA-‘IDATAM-minas-samaaa’.  Qaalatta-QUllaaha  ‘in-  kuntum- Mu’-miniin.

 

113.  Qaaluu  nuriidu  ‘anna’-kula  minhaa  wa  tatma-‘inna  quluu-bunaa  wa  na’-lama  ‘an  qad  sadaq-tanaa  wa  nakuuna  ‘alayhaa  minash-shaa-hidiin.                                 

L Sanal

Lesson

When the companions (Hawaa-riy-yuun) of Christ (peace be upon Him) observed that Jesus (peace be upon Him) heals him who was born blind and the leper, raises the dead person and even that tells the people their secrets, they asked a question from Christ (peace be upon Him). They said, “O Jesus, son of Mary (peace be upon Them)! Can Allaah Almighty do as that He send down for us a TABLE SPREAD WITH FOOD from heaven? The Messenger Jesus (peace be upon Him) said: Fear Allaah Almighty and obey His commands, if you are true Believers. They said: Certainly we are Believers. We are not going to test Allaah Almighty. But we wish to increase the satisfaction of our hearts with the Blessing bestowed by Allaah Almighty, we may worship Him as much as we can, thereof we may be witnesses upon His Favors and we may not have any doubt in it that the Path upon which You guided us, is straight and You (peace be upon Him) are quite true.  

 

 This guidance is hidden in the answer of Jesus (peace be upon Him) that, human being should arrange the provisions by the method (of providing the necessities of human life), which Allaah Almighty has established for the mankind. It is compulsory to bear the fear of Allaah Almighty only in mind. It means that nobody should cross the bounds prescribed by Allaah Almighty and have fear of His wrath every time. It is the common rule for the human being.

 

Many misconceptions have been imagined by the people about the Messenger Jesus (peace be upon Him), but all those misunderstandings can be dispelled, if this section of Holy Qur’aan is considered thoughtfully. At first, He (peace be upon Him) was born contrary to the fashion and the people do not understand it that any person can be created even without father. The Jews calumniated Mary (May God forbid), Mother of Jesus (peace be upon Them). Some people tried to prove Her marriage. Likewise, different people have different opinions regarding Jesus (peace be upon Him), even that some of them are ready to prove His (peace be upon Him) grave also.

 

Some people hesitate to have belief in His (peace be upon Him) miracles. They are unable to understand that how a mankind can heal incurable diseases as clear-sighted to the blind born, healthy to the leper etc.? His (peace be upon Him) all virtues have been explained very clearly in this section. Everyone will understand certainly on the Day of Resurrection, but entire false thoughts can be corrected even here if anyone meditates in it deeply.

 

All doubts regarding Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) have been cleared in only one sentence i.e. ‘Ay-yattuka  bi-Ruuhil-Qudus (I strengthened Thee with the Holy Spirit). The root of His all specialties comes out from this sentence. It is important to understand properly at first that the mankind is a collection of two separate elements. One is body and the other is soul. The body is a machine. The machine is made by putting different parts in order. When it is ready for functioning, it cannot work, until the steam (power) does not inter in to it. Just like this, there is a power to operate the machine of human body. As we cannot operate the self-made machines without electricity, steam or any other power, in the same manner, the machine of human body is useless without its power i.e. soul. That power has a magazine like the electricity or the steam has magazine.

 

The name of soul’s magazine is Ruuhul Qudus (the Holy Spirit). There is a Descent of the same soul, Who brings the power of the Holy Spirit to the body. He has been named as Gabriel, and the conveying the soul is called puffing of the soul. As per common rule, the material of the machine of human body is obtained by the intercourse of father and mother, and is prepared in the womb of mother. But this rule was broken twice. Once at that time when Allaah Almighty created Adam (peace be upon Him), the father of entire humankind, and secondly, at the time of Jesus’s birth (peace be upon Him).

 

Adam (peace be upon Him) had neither father, nor mother. At the second time, during Jesus (peace be upon Him), the material of father’s part was taken from the Divine Power of Allaah Almighty. Gabriel (peace be upon Him) puffed the soul. This soul was so much powerful that Jesus (peace be upon Him) used to cause to run the soul in the self-made shape of clay. Like this, He (peace be upon Him) used to heal the patients with this soul. Everyone can understand easily all the matters relating to Jesus (peace be upon Him) after considering thoughtfully. It is surprising upon them who believe in the power of electricity, but do not believe in the Power of the Soul.  

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)

The Virtues of Christ (peace be upon Him)

Lesson # 666 From Holy Qur’aan

The Virtues of Christ (peace be upon Him)

‘Al-Maaa-‘idah (the Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)–Stage – 2

Verses –110 & 111 of 120, Section – 15 of 16 (Part – 7)

BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

110.  When Allaah will say: O Jesus son of Mary! Remember My favour unto Thee and unto Thy Mother. How I strengthened Thee with the Holy Spirit, so that Thou spakest unto mankind in the cradle as well as in the age of maturity; and how I taught Thee the Scripture and Wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel; and how Thou didst shape of clay as it were the likeness of a bird by My permission, and didst blow upon it and it was a bird by My Permission, and Thou didst heal him who was born blind and the leper by My permission; and how Thou didst raise the dead by My permission; and how I restrained the Children of Israel from (harming) Thee when Thou camest unto them with clear proofs, and those of them who disbelieved exclaimed: This is naught else than evident magic. 

 

111.  And when I inspired the disciples, (saying): Believe in Me and My Messenger, they said: We believe and bear witness that we have surrendered (unto Thee).         

110.  ‘Iz  qaa-lAllaahu  yaa-‘Iisabna  Mar-yamazkur  ni’-maTii  ‘alayka  wa  ‘alaa  waalidatik.  ‘Iz  ‘Ay-yattuka  bi-Ruuhil-Qudus.  Tukalli-munnaasa  fil-mahdi  wa  kahlaa.  Wa  ‘iz  ‘Allam-tukal-Kitaaba  wal-Hikmata  wat-Tawraata  wal-‘Injiil.  Wa  ‘iz  takhluqu  minat-tiini  ka-hay-‘atit-tayri  bi-‘izNii  fatanfukhu  fiihaa  fatakuunu  tayram-  bi-‘izNii  wa  tubri-‘ul-  ‘akmahaa  wal-‘abrasa  bi-‘izNii.  Wa  ‘iz  tukhrijul-mawtaa  bi-‘izNii.  Wa  ‘iz  kafaftu  Baniii-  ‘Israaa-‘iila  ‘anka  ‘iz  ji’-tahum-  bil-bayyi-naati  faqaalal-laziina  kafaruu  minhum  ‘in  haazaaa  ‘illaa  sihrum-mubiin.

111.  Wa  ‘iz  ‘aw-haytu  ‘ilal-Hawaa-riy-yiina  ‘an  ‘aaminuu  Bii  wa  bi-Rasuulii.  Qaaluuu  ‘aamannaa  wash-had  bi-‘annanaa  Musli-muun.                                 

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Lesson

The importance of the Day of Resurrection was informed in the previous lesson, and need of fearing from that Day and keeping up the preparedness for it was manifested in such a manner that the Messengers (peace be upon Them) will also be asked: What response you received from Your nations?

 

From today’s verse, the description regarding the Messengers, particularly Jesus (peace be upon Them) begins, because the Jews troubled Him (peace be upon Him) very much. Whereas, the Christians promoted His (peace be upon Him) rank so much that they use to say Him the son of God. So, His (peace be upon Him) virtues and specialties have been mentioned in this whole section, and told about Him that He (peace be upon Him) was pure from all those badness, which the Jews used to publicize about Him (peace be upon Him).

 

After that, another question and its reply, which will be given by them, has been described, so that the Christians may know that Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) is also a Servant of Allaah Almighty like other people, and they should get admonishment from it and correct their deeds. The Messenger Jesus (peace be upon Him) will not be useful for them beside it. And their thinking “Jesus (peace be upon Him) has become expiation of our all sins and we shall never be punished” is entirely absurd and useless.

 

It is being commanded here, “Imagine that time when Allaah Almighty will say to the Jesus (peace be upon Him): O Jesus son of Mary! Remember My favor unto You and Your Mother. I appointed the Holy Spirit especially for Your help, You spoke with the people in the cradle as well as in the age of maturity You preached and advised them good”.

 

Allaah Almighty bestowed a lot of miracles to Jesus (peace be upon Him). One important miracle from those, was that quite during the primary days of His life i.e. immediate after the birth (in the cradle), He  talked with the people to answer their questions and criticism against His Mother “Mary” (peace be upon Them) as well as in the age of maturity, preached and advised them by the permission of Allaah Almighty.

 

Then Allaah Almighty addresses: O Jesus (peace be upon Him)! Remember the time, when I bestowed You strength to understand the Scripture, the Secret Matters, the Wisdom, the Torah and the Gospel; and also remember that incident when You used to shape the clay as it were the likeness of a bird and blow upon it and it was a bird by My Permission, and remember it too when You used to heal him who was born blind and the leper by My permission and used to raise the dead by My permission.

 

Four virtues of Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) have been described in this verse, which are called special miracles of Jesus (peace be upon Him):

 

  1. He (peace be upon Him) used to shape of clay as it were the likeness of a bird, blow upon it and it was a bird alive and flying.

 

  1. Used to heal him who was born blind and that was able to see everything.

 

  1. Used to treat the leper.

 

  1. Used to say the dead body, “Get up by the permission of Allaah” (Qum bi-  ‘izNIllaah) and that was living.

 

 

Here Allaah Almighty has disclosed some more favors on Jesus (peace be upon Him) and says: It is also worth considering when You came unto the Children of Israel with clear proofs. Those of them who disbelieved exclaimed: This is naught else than evident magic. They used to say that the punishment of a magician is killing and had decided not to believe in You. But I restrained them from harming You (Jesus – peace be upon Him) because they had intended to slaughter You but they could not succeed in their intention because I elevated You upon the heaven.

 

After that, in such condition, while the enemies were all around and none liked to listen to Him (Jesus – peace be upon Him), Allaah Almighty says: I inspired some people to become Your friends and supporters. After inspiration they began to say, “We believed in Allaah and His Messenger (peace be upon Him) that They are True. O God! Be our Witness that we promise that we will remain Your and Your Messenger’s obedient certainly”. Those people were titled as Hawaarii (friends). At another place they were named as ‘Ansaar (the helpers of Allaah), as it is mentioned in a previous Chapter ‘Aali- ‘Imraan, and will come ahead in Chapter ‘As-Saf.

 

The description in respect of Messenger Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) has passed in the beginning of Part -3, Chapter Baqarah, then in fifth and sixth Section of Chapter ‘Aali- ‘Imraan. Here entire mentioned matters have been gathered at one place. By reflecting upon which, the facts of the birth and miracles of Messenger Jesus (peace be upon Him) are cleared.  

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)

Cross questions from the Messengers

Lesson # 665 From Holy Qur’aan

Cross questions from the Messengers

‘Al-Maaa-‘idah (the Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)–Stage – 2

Verse –109 of 120, Section – 15 of 16 (Part – 7)

BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

On the Day when Allaah gathered together the Messengers, and Saith: What response You received (from mankind)? They say: We have no knowledge. Lo! Thou, only Thou art the Knower of Things Hidden.      Yawma  yajma-‘Ullaahur-Rusula  fa-yaquulu  maa-zaaa  ‘ujibtum.  Qaaluu  laa  ‘ilmanaa.  ‘InnaKa  ‘Anta  ‘Allaamul-Guyuub.                        

 Chapel in the Clouds, Costa Rica

Lesson

Some verses prior to the mention regarding the bequest and the executor, it was told that everyone should think upon oneself deeply. That person is not harmed against the depravity of any other, who is right personally. As though, others’ good works and fairness will not be useful for that person, who is evildoer until he does not correct and change himself.

 

It was told that Unto Allaah Almighty you will all return; at that time Allaah Almighty will inform you of what you used to do. As if, we should be operative in the world keeping this rule in view that reality of our all works and deeds will be exposed before Allaah Almighty. All the acts (good or bad) will be examined and re-measured. After that a likeness about doing works correctly has been exemplified, through which the executor has been urged to keep himself honest, and the remedy of dishonesty has been described.

 

 

This subject has been cleared in such a manner that all the humankind will be gathered before Allaah Almighty on the Day of Resurrection. Allaah Almighty will ask the entire Messengers (peace be upon Them) after collecting them: What was the reply of the people, when you admonished them and called towards the good works? They will say: We do not know about it, whether they obeyed or rejected us, because belief and disbelief is related with the heart, which is a hidden thing. Nobody knows the condition of the hidden things except Allaah Almighty. It was our duty to convey Your Message until we lived between them. We used to deliver Your Message and display it unto them by acting ourselves upon Your Instructions. Even during that period, we were unable to know about real condition of their hearts. Then we were demised. After that only You know the state of their acceptance or disbelief. Only You are able to Know about those things, which cannot be seen by us, except it that, which, to whom and how much You desire to tell.

 

Common people have been warned from this description: While the Messengers (peace be upon Them) would not be able to escape from query, then how will you be saved?  

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)

“We have not transgressed the bounds of duty”

Lesson # 664 From Holy Qur’aan

“We have not transgressed the bounds of duty”

‘Al-Maaa-‘idah (the Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)–Stage – 2

Verses –107 & 108 of 120, Section – 14 of 16 (Part – 7)

BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

107.  Then, if it is afterwards ascertained that both of them have been guilty of sin, let two others take their place of those nearly concerned, and let them swear by Allaah, (saying): Verily our testimony is truer than their testimony and we have not transgressed (the bounds of duty), for then indeed we should be of the evildoers.

 

108.  Thus it is more likely that they will bear true witness or fear that after their oaths, the oaths (of others) will be taken. And be mindful of your duty (to Allaah) and hearken. And Allaah guideth not the froward folk.     

107.  Fa-‘in  ‘usira  ‘alaaa  ‘anna  humas-ta-haqqaaa  ‘isman  fa-  ‘aakha-raani  yaquumaani  maqaama-huma  minallazii-nasta-haqqa  ‘alay-himul- ‘awla-yaani  fa-yuqsi-maani  BIllaahi  lashahaa-datunaaa  ‘ahaqqu  min-  shahaa-datihimaa  wa  ma’-tadaynaaa  ‘innaaa  ‘izalla-minaz-zaalimiin.

 

108.  Zaalika  ‘adnaaa  ‘any-ya’-tuu  bish-shahaadati  ‘alaa  waj-hihaaa  ‘aw  yakhaa-fuuu  ‘an  turadda  ‘ay-maanum-  ba’-da  ‘ay-maanihim.  WAtta-QUllaaha  wasma-‘uu.  WAllaahu  laa  yahdil-qawmal-faasiqiin.                                

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Lesson

During the time of the Messenger of Allaah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), a Muslim named Badiil and two Christians named Tiim and ‘Adii went on campaigning in the land together. Badiil died in the way, but before death he gave his entire property in the charge of both Christians, so that they may hand it over to his heirs. After reaching back they handed over the property to its heirs. A list of the entire articles was found in the luggage by the heirs. Then they knew that a silver bowl does not exist in the luggage which was golden electroplated. The Christians were asked about it but they replied, “We have nothing more. That bowl was spent on medicament of the deceased person. Thereupon the heirs reported the case to the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and requested that a bowl was missing. On that, He (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) administered an oath from the Christians in accordance with the previous verse. They both swore that the total luggage was this and they had seized nothing. The Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) absolved them.

 

 

After a few days, that bowl was found on a goldsmith shop and the shop-keeper told that the bowl was sold to him by Tiim and ‘Adii. Then the case was decided according to this verse, because the heirs did not have witnesses. It is commanded that if it is afterwards ascertained that both of them have been guilty of sin and have seized some goods, and their oath was false, let two others take their place of those nearly concerned, and let them swear by Allaah, (saying): Verily our testimony is truer than their testimony and we have not transgressed (the bounds of duty), for then indeed we should be of the evildoers. Allaah Almighty says: Swearing in this manner will be hopefully more powerful. They will bear true witness or fear that their oaths may be rejected too likewise the oaths of executors earlier.

 

 

When the heirs of the testator brought the case again unto the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and could not arrange the witnesses, then He (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) called two nearly concerned persons and commanded them to stand up and administered an oath from them because they were denying the executors’ claim of truth.

 

It is considerable that how much little matters have been explained very clearly in the Word of Allaah Almighty (Holy Qur’aan)? It aims that the deeds, acts and mutual relations of the mankind may be corrected likewise his beliefs and manners. Nobody may violate the right of anyone, and if any sinner violates it, then it may be compensated, because the trial of the entire religion is “Affairs” only.

 

Then it is commanded that all the matters will be correct at the very time when fear of Allaah Almighty will be in the heart and everyone will try to escape from the evil deeds due to the fear of punishment and His commands will be listened carefully. So it is being reminded again and again “be mindful of your duty to Allaah and hearken. And whosoever neither frightens from Him, nor listens to Him, if that person is not a disobedient then what is he/she? And it is a Rule prescribed by Allaah Almighty that He does not guide the disobedient towards the Straight Path and they go astray, who neither fear from any threat, nor hearken the truth.   

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)