SECOND PILLAR OF ISLAM – PRAYERS AND RELATED MATTERS

SAYINGS OF THE MESSENGER OF THE CREATOR (22 TO 31)

(SALLALLAHO-ALAIHE-WA-AALEHI-WASALLAM) 

 PRAYERS AND RELATED MATTERS

22.  Sayyidina Uthmaan bin ‘Affan (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)

       As for a Muslim who, when the time of prayer is at hand, performs ablution carefully, observes humility and bows devotedly, his behavior will be an expiration for his past sins as long as he has not committed a major sin. This (expiration) is for all time. (Muslim, Mishkat)

23.  Sayyidina Abu Hurayrah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)

       My people will be called on the Day of Resurrection while their faces and feet are bright being the result of ablution. (Muslim, Bukhari,  Mishkat)

24.  Sayyidina Abu Hurayrah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)

       Tell me, if there were a river at the door of one of you and he bathed himself in it five times every day, will he have dirt over him any more? The companions affirmed that he will not have any dirt on him. So, the Prophet (SALLALLAHO-ALAIHE-WA-AALEHI-WASALLAM) said, this is the example of the five daily prayers through which Allah removes sins. (Muslim, Bukhari, Mishkat)

25.  Sayyidina Abu Zarr (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)

        Muslim worshipper observes prayer for the sake of Allah, his sins fall from him as the leaves fall from tree. (Ahmad, Mishkat)

26.  Sayyidina ‘Ali (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)           

       O Ali! Do not delay observing three things:

  • Prayer when the time has come,
  • A funeral when it is there, and
  • The marriage of an unmarried woman when you find a match for her. (Tirmizi, Mishkat) 

27.  Sayyidina Abu Hurayrah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho) 

            If people realized the excellence of Azaan and the first row (in the congregational prayer) then (to decide who calls the Azaan and who stands in the first row) they will surely draw lots if there is no alternative to that. Also, if they find out the immense rewards on observing prayer at the earliest time then they will compete with each other in doing that. Also, if they know the advantages in offering the I’sha and Fajr prayers with the congregation then they will surely make it to the two congregations even if they have to crawl on their knees. (Muslim, Bukhari, Mishkat, at-Targheeb wat Tarheeb) 

28.  Sayyidina Uthmaan (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)           

            If anyone is in the mosque when the Azaan is called out but goes out of it after that without a valid reason, not intending to return, then he is a hypocrite. (Ibn-Majah, Targheeb) 

29.  Sayyidina Wa’athila bin al-Asqa’(Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho) 

            Keep your mosques safe from children and lunatics. Preserve them from buying and selling, loud gossip, punishing the criminals and unshielding swords. Build wash rooms at their gates and apply incense on them on Fridays. (Ibn-Majah, Targheeb) 

30.  Sayyidina Abu Hurayrah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho) 

            The congregational prayer fetches reward that is twenty five times more than a person who prays at home or in the market. This is because if he performs ablution, being careful about it, and walks towards the mosque having no other reason for going out then he does not take a step but is elevated by a degree and gets a (minor) sin obliterated. Then when he begins his prayer, as long as he is there, the Angels invoke blessings on him in these words, “O Allah! Forgive him, have mercy on him.” And, as he is rewarded as if he is in prayer provided he does not harm anybody. (Bukhari, Muslim, Targheeb)

 31.  Sayyidina Abullah bin Qurt (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho) 

            On the day of Resurrection, man will be asked first of all about prayers. If that is found satisfactory, then all his deeds will be approved. But, if that is defective then all his deeds will be corrupted.  (Jabaraani; awsat, Targheeb) 

Collected by Muhammad Sharif Fauji from The Book “Sayings of The Prophet” (Peace Be Upon Him), Darul Ishaat, Urdu Bazaar Karachi 

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WORSHIP OF ONLY ONE GOD

LESSON # 7 HOLY QUR’AAN

F A A T I H A H – 1

Verse – 4 of 7, section -1

Iyyaaka na’-budu wa iyyaaka

Nasta-‘iin

  Thee (alone) we worship; Thee (alone) we ask for help

Lesson

.      Formerly, we have read about four epithets of ALLAH in the earlier lessons:-

  • LORD of the worlds
  • The BENEFICENT
  • The MERCIFUL
  • OWNER of the Day of Judgment

Every thing of earth and skies gets its promotion with HIS help. HE completes necessities of each creature. HE is The Boundless BENEFICENT. HE resolves the problems of each person with HIS kindness. HE removes the difficulties of all kinds. HE is The MERCIFUL too. Who obeys HIS orders and acts upon the instructions, delivered by HIM, gets rewards and after death he will be able to take place under the shade of HIS kindness. HE is also The OWNER of the Day of Judgment. HE produces the results of our deeds in this world and gives exchange. And on the Day of Resurrection HE will also pay the remuneration (rewards for good acts and punishment for the evil).

ALLAH has reminded the people after expressing HIS epithets that they should obey and worship the only one GOD day and night, remember HIM each time, complain HIM at the time of calamity, thank HIM during pleasure and ease hours, pray only for HIM leaving all the liar gods.

Worship means the devotion, respect, honors and obedience which are practiced for The GOD. As though, the person should be busy in worship of ALLAH during his each motion. Worship doesn’t mean only devotion and prayer. Besides service and devotion in worship, perfect obedience is also included with it compulsorily.

Purpose of perfect obedience by the person is to follow all the orders and instructions of ALLAH ALMIGHTY and not to oppose HIS assent in any matter.

“THEE (alone) we worship and THEE (alone) we shall obey in future”. We promise that we shall not get attended to anyone in it.

All the mankind are children of Hadrat Adam (Alaehissalaam). Who has the power to be called himself “God” and compel anyone to do worship for him or how it is right for mankind that he would obey someone except ALLAH ALMIGHTY or live like his own will?

We all are obedient of one GOD “ALLAH”. We don’t agree to obey anyone opposing ALLAH’s orders and instructions.

Collected  TRANSLITERATION IN ROMAN SCRIPT, ENGLISH TRANSLATION BY MARMADUKE PICKTHALL published by Paak Company Lahore  and  Paraphrase from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore & translated By Muhammad Sharif Fauji

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REWARD AND PUNISHMENT

LESSON # 6 HOLY QUR’AAN

F A A T I H A H – 1

Verse – 3 of 7, section -1

Maaliki Yawmid-Diin

Owner of the Day of Judgment 

Lesson

Fourth epithet of ALLAH ALMIGHTY is mentioned in this verse. This is to say that HE is The OWNER of the doomsday.

MAALIK – epithet of ALLAH. Any Ruler or Judge may have a lot of power in this world. However his authority is limited, under compulsion to punish the criminal as per laws of the country. But ALLAH ALMIGHTY has used the word The OWNER for HIMSELF, WHO has full power. If HE wishes to punish the criminal, HE can and if HE wishes to forgive him, HE can. None is ruler upon HIM.

 

Diin – Exchange the reward or punishment. Doomsday is called the Day of Judgment, because the people will be rewarded or punished on their acts, done during their present life. OWNER of the doomsday means that on that day every person, Muslim or infidel and denier, will see the epithet of ownership of ALLAH. None will be able to run away from the exchange of reward or punishment.

 

All the Prophets (Alaihe mussalaam) came here and preached that each mankind is responsible for actions, done by him. There will come a time when the people will be asked about their acts. And they will be exchanged with rewards or punishment. Though this exchange is in action here, but on the doomsday it will be practiced at full scale. Earth and skies will perish. All the persons will be present in the court of ALLAH ALMIGHTY. HE will be The SOVEREIGN on that day. HE will pay rewards on virtues and punish on the badness. None of the people will have power either to disobey HIS decision or recommend someone without HIS permission or discharge criminal violently or get relief after paying some remuneration.      

 

Who succeeds to get fame on that day, he will be fortunate. He will live in palaces and majestic gardens. There will be different kinds of fruit, honey and canals of milk for him.  On the other hand, he, who will fail, he will be un-lucky. He will be thrown in the flames of Hell.

 

We should prepare ourselves to escape from distress, trouble and painful penalty on the Day of Resurrection. We should always obey the orders of The GOD and HIS Prophet (Peace be upon Him). So that we may escape ourselves from much shame of the doomsday. We may get relief from the horrible penalty and succeed in attaining blessings of the Heaven for ever.    

 

 Collected  TRANSLITERATION IN ROMAN SCRIPT, ENGLISH TRANSLATION BY MARMADUKE PICKTHALL published by Paak Company Lahore  and  Paraphrase from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore & translated By Muhammad Sharif Fauji

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THE BENEFICENT, THE MERCIFUL


F A A T I H A H – 1

Verse-2 of 7, section -1

Ar-Rahmaanir-Rahiim The Beneficent, the Merciful

LESSON

Rahmaan – The BENEFICENT, The Merciful, The Forgiving (an epithet of ALLAH).

When a mankind bears, he falls in different physical and spiritual evils and misfortunes. He needs hundreds of things. All people, Muslims and Infidels, live in this world. They all want HIS mercy. So ALLAH ALMIGHTY has told us about epithet of RAHMAAN. This is to say that ALLAH showers down HIS mercy on each person without distinction. HE doesn’t forfeit HIS rewards from anyone, gives HIS gifts and honors to each person and living creature.

Rahiim – The MERCIFUL, The Pitiful, The Compassionate.

ALLAH explains us about the word RAHIIM that HE pays the people much more than their rights. Who will follow HIS orders, he will be granted special rewards. Bringing this word, RAHIIM, at the end, it has also been explained that after this world, an other world (the Day of Judgment) will come. When we will go in the next world, after death, there, as regards to our faith and acts, ALLAH ALMIGHTY will feel special pity upon us.

Beneficence is HIS common epithet and mercifulness is HIS special epithet.

Being “The BENEFICENT” HE has arranged to complete our each necessity. HE created skies and earth, sun, moon and stars, rivers, seas and ocean, forests and mountains, vegetations, fossils and minerals, beasts and animals etc. HE puts shadow of HIS pity in the hearts of parents so that they love their children whole heartedly and mindlessly. They arrange each type of comfort for their children.

These rewards of ALLAH are equal for all, Muslims and non-Muslims without sense of “the good” and “the bad”. RAHIIM-being the MERCIFUL, ALLAH gives us much more compensation of our good acts. After death also HE will cover us in HIS kindness and bestow us heritance of Paradise. ALLAH produces great results out of little acts. HE will pay HIS mankind huge rewards for their customary goodness.

From these epithets of ALLAH ALMIGHTY we learn that we also should treat the mankind with love and kindness. We should help them in the matters in which we are able to do something for them. We should excuse them on their errors and slips so that good manners of ALLAH may assert in this world and HIS creature may acquire pleasure.

TRANSLITERATION IN ROMAN SCRIPT, ENGLISH TRANSLATION BY MARMADUKE PICKTHALL and  Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore & translated By Muhammad Sharif Fauji

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FOUNDATION OF ISLAM

RTICLE # 11

FOUNDATION OF ISLAM

PART – 6

 15.  Al-Irbaad bin Saariyah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)

            I enjoin you to fear ALLAH and I enjoin you to listen to and obey (your ruler) even if he is an Abyssinian slave because he among you who lives after me will see great disagreement. You are bound, therefore, to follow my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the rightly-guided Khulafa (caliphs). Hold to it fast and keep away from innovation in religion. Any new thing in religion is innovation and every innovation is mis-guidance. (Abu Dawood, Tirmizi, Ibn Majah, Mishkat)  

 

16.   Al-Irbaad bin Saariyah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)

        ALLAH will not cause all my people to be misled. The HAND of ALLAH is over the (Muslims) community. If anyone separates himself (from them) he will be separated in the Fire (from them). (Tirmizi, Mishkat)  

 

17.   Sayyidina Ibn Umar (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)

            Follow the great majority of Muslims for he who separates will be separate in the Fire. (Ibn Majah, Mishkat)  

 

18.   Sayyidina Mu’aaz bin Jabal (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)

        Surely, the devil is a wolf to man just as the wolf that devours sheep. It catches the sheep that walks by itself, far away from the flock or the one that keeps itself at a distance. (Ahmad, Mishkat)

       

19.   Sayyidina Maalik (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)

        I have left with you two things and you will not go astray as long as you hold fast to them, the Book of ALLAH and the Sunnah, of HIS Messenger, Muhammad (SALLALLAHO-ALAIHE-WA-AALEHI-WASALLAM) . (Muwatta, Mishkat).

20.   Sayyidina Abu Hurrayrah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)

        My example and that of all other Prophets (Peace Be upon Them) is like a palace that was built beautifully, but the place of one brick was left incomplete. Those who watched it went around it admiring its beauty but wondering at the missing brick. So, I am the one who has filled the place of the brick; the palace (of Prophet-hood) is completed with me and with me the Messengers (Peace Be upon Them) have all been sent. I am the (final) brick (of the palace of Prophet-hood) and the seal (or last) of the Prophets. (Peace Be upon Them)   (Bukhari, Muslim and Mishkat) 

 

21.   Sayyidina Abu Hurrayrah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)

        The last Day will not come until about thirty deceivers are born, each of whom lays claim on being the Messenger of ALLAH.  (Bukhari)

 

 

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  Collected by Muhammad Sharif Fauji from The Book “Sayings of The Prophet” (Peace Be Upon Him), Darul Ishaat, Urdu Bazaar Karachi

FOUNDATION OF ISLAM

ARTICLE # 10
 
PART – 5
8. Sayyidina Abu Hurrayrah & Sayyidina Fadalah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-homa)
A Muslim is one from whose tongue and hand other Muslims are safe. A believer is one whom men do not fear concerning their lives and property. And the mujahid is one who makes jihad with himself so that he obeys ALLAH and the muhajir is one who withdraws from dis-obedience and sin. (Bukhari and Muslim)

9. Sayyidina Abu Uma’amah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
When your piety pleases you and your bad deed displeases you, you are a believer. (Ahmad and Mishkat)

10. Sayyidina Jabir (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
The best discourse is the Book of ALLAH, and the best guidance is the one shown by Muhammad (SALLALLAHO-ALAIHE-WA-AALEHI-WASALLAM). The worst things are bid’ah (innovations) and every innovation is misguidance. . (Muslim and Mishkat)

11. Sayyidina Jabir (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
My example and the message with which ALLAH has sent me is like the example of a man who came to a people and said, “O people! I have seen with my own eyes an army (as want to attack you). I am one to warn you, so flee, flee…” Some of his people obeyed him, and setting off at nightfall walked away and escaped. But some others did not believe him and stayed where they were. When it was dawn, the army came and surrounded them and destroyed them so that they were no more. This is the example of those who obeyed me and of those who belie me. (Bukhari, Muslim and Mishkat)

12. Sayyidina Abu Hurrayrah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
My example is like a man who has kindled a fire and when it lights up the neighborhood the insects that jump into the fire began to fall into it. He tries to prevent them but they persisted and continued falling into the fire. Thus, I seize you by the hennas of your dresses to pull you from the fire but you keep falling into it. (Bukhari, Muslim and Mishkat)

13. Sayyidina Abu Moosa (Radi-ALLAHO-An-ho)
The guidance and knowledge with which ALLAH has sent me are like abundant rain that fell on a land. Some part of the land was good, absorbed the water and brought forth plenty of herbage and pasture. Some area of the land was hard and retained the water whereby ALLAH gave benefit to men who drank themselves and let others drink and irrigated (fields) with that water. Some other portion of the land was unreceptive and could not retain water or produce herbage. This is like those people who attain knowledge of AALAH’s religion and receive benefit from the message given to me by ALLAH so they learn and teach others. It is also like those who do not even look up to learn and do not accept the guidance of ALLAH which I have been given. (Bukhari and Muslim)

14. Al-Miqdaam bin Ma’dikarb and Al-Irbaad bin Saariyah (Radi-ALLAHO-An-homa)
Heed it! I have been given the Qur’an and something else like it (the Sunnah). Remember! It is not far off when someone with a full stomach reclines on his couch and says, “Abide by the Qur’an. What you find declared lawful in it, treat it as lawful and what you find prohibited in it, treat it as prohibited.” But, in fact, what the Messenger of ALLAH has prohibited is like what ALLAH has disallowed. Listen carefully! By ALLAH, I have commanded you often, exhorted you frequently, disallowed you many things; and these are as many found in the Qur’an or more numerous. (Abu Dawood, Mishkat)
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Collected by Muhammad Sharif Fauji from Sayings of The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) Darul Ishaat, Urdu Bazaar Karachi

Praise be to ALLAH, Lord of the worlds

F A A T I H A H – 1 

Verses -1 of 7, section -1

Al-Hamdu LILLAHI RABBIL-

Aalamiin

Praise be to ALLAH, Lord of the worlds

Lesson

There are some words in this verse. Please understand their meanings first.

As per Arabic language “Al” means “All”, Particular”

“Hamd” means-Praises, Excellences, Qualities, characteristics etc. These meanings are higher than praise-worthy actions and gratitude.

“ALLAH” is personal name of The GOD ALMIGHTY. This name neither can be used for any other, nor is used for anyone except The GOD ALMIGHTY. This word “ALLAH” has not been concluded from any other word. This name is particularly used only for The GOD ALMIGHTY. 

“RABB” means that HOLY LIFE, HOLY EXISTENCE – WHO created all the things. Then promoted them from one state/condition to the other.

“Aalamiin” All the creatures, all the existings, all the parties, all the worlds.

In this verse some knowledge about ALLAH ALMIGHTY has been given and explained that all praises are, in fact, only for ALLAH ALMIGHTY. Whenever any Ruler acts upon justice, it means that ALLAH ALMIGHTY has put the attribute of justice in that Ruler. If there is restoration of health, cure in the hands of anyone (doctor), it means actually this perfection has been delivered to him by the ALLAH ALMIGHTY. If some one is beautiful, or it has nice habits, then for it also, The ALLAH ALMIGHTY is the LIFE, WHO donated this beauty to that person/thing.

It is also revealed from this verse that GOD of Islam is not only The GOD of a particular race, a particular tribe or nation. All the religions which were existent before Islam were not aware of this vast conception. Each nation supposed that The GOD is only of their GOD. As though capacity/means of the GOD remained only as their national GOD. Israelite, who had faith on oneness of GOD, considered The GOD as only of their GOD. But The HOLY QUR’AAN effaced all their incorrect fidelities and explained that The GOD of all the things and atoms in the universe is only One “The ALLAH ALMIGHTY.”

We have come to know from this lesson also that we should serve all the mankind, besides the mankind we have to sympathize over the animals too. We should not behave anyone with the hatred sights.

Our concept is unlimited. But we believe that our CREATOR is The CREATOR/MASTER of the entire worlds, WHO gives living, WHO brings up mankind and all other creatures, not only for this world, but for the entire worlds.

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  Collected by Muhammad Sharif Fauji from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore & translated and Holy Qur’an Serial # 359/W, published by PAAK COMPANY, Lahore