Victory From God

LESSON # 333 FROM HOLY  QUR’AN

Victory From God                                                                                                                                                 

Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter – 3)

Verse – 13  of  200, Section –2    (Part – 3)

 

There was a token for you in two hosts which met. One army fighting in the Way of Allah, and another disbelieving, whom they saw as twice their number, clearly, with their very eyes. And thus Allah strengtheneth with His succour whom He will. Lo! herein verily is a lesson for those who have eyes.        

Qad  kaana  lakum  ’Aayatun-  fii  fi- ‘ataynil-taqataa.  Fi- ‘atun-tuqaatilu  fii  Sabii-lillaahi  wa  ‘ukhraa  kaafiratuny-yaraw-nahum-mis-layhim  ra’-yal- ‘ayn.  Wallaahu  yu- ‘ayyidu  bi-nasrihii  many-ya- shaaa’.  ‘Inna  fii  zaalika  la- ‘ib-ratal-li ‘ulil- absaar.        

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Lesson 

       

Allah Almighty has signified towards an event for the people who take warning with impossible happenings. This event is notorious with the name “Battle of Badr”. Encounter took place between Muslim Army and Idolaters of Al-Makkah at this occasion. Succor of Allah Almighty reached Muslims, and True and False (Haqq o Baatil) were separated.

 

Number of Infidels was nearly one thousand in the Battle of Badr. They had seven hundred camels and one hundred horses. Their warriors were much experienced and skilled in fighting. On the other hand, Muslim warriors were three hundred and thirteen only. They had only seventy camels, two horses, six chain armors and eight swords. Both Armies saw one another as twice their number, clearly, with their very eyes. The fear of abundance in number of the Muslims prevailed over the hearts of Infidels and they terrified.

 

On the other side, the Muslims turned more attention to Allah Almighty due to looking the Infidels’ Army twice in numbers from them. They kept hope of victory and support with firmness and stability placing confidence in the promise of Allah Almighty. If number of Infidels’ Army did appear in full upon Muslims, which were thrice in number from them, then it was possible that the fear had to overshadow upon them. However, it is an admonitory event for the discreet people to render the small and without means group victorious over such strong group likewise which was thrice in number from them. On that day the prediction was completed which was told to the Muslims many years ago in Al-Makkah.  

 

We have learnt from this lesson that real thing is patience and trust in Allah Almighty, not abundance of weapons, equipment and manpower. We should have faith in Allah Almighty in all difficulties and pray Him for support, because entire success and victories are in His Hand.

 

It is not only one event in the Islamic History like this, which has been signified in this verse i.e. the Battle of Badr. But whenever the truth loving have come out with this passion and fervor in the field to sacrifice, victory of Allah Almighty has remained with them of similar circumstances.

 

 

Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif)  

A Warning

LESSON # 332 FROM HOLY  QUR’AN

A Warning                                                                                                                                                 

Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter – 3)

Verse – 10 to 12  of  200, Section –2    (Part – 3)

 

  1. 10.  (On that Day) neither the riches nor the progeny of those who disbelieve will aught avail them with Allah. And they will be fuel for Fire-

 

  1. 11.  Like Pharaoh’s folk and those who were before them. They disbelieved Our Revelations, so Allah seized them for their sins. And Allah is Severe in punishment.

 

  1. 12.  Say (O Muhammad) unto those who disbelieve: Ye shall be overcome and gathered unto Hell. And it is an evil resting-place.        

 10.  ‘Innal-laziina  kafaruu  lan-tug-niya  ‘anhum  ‘amwaaluhum  wa  laaa  ‘awlaaduhum-minal-laahi  shay- ‘aa.  Wa  ‘ulaaa- ‘ika  hum  waquudun-  Naar.

 

11.  Kada’-bi  ‘aali  Fir- ‘awna,  wallaziina  min-  qablihim.  Kaz-zabuu  bi- ‘aayaatinaa  Fa- ‘akha-zahumullaahu  bi-  zunuubihim.  Wallaahu  Shadiidul- ‘iqaab.

 

12.  Qul-lillaziina  kafaruu  sa-sa-tuglabuuna  wa tubsharuuna  ‘ilaa  Jahannam.  Wa  bi’-sal-mihaad.    

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Lesson 

       

The Infidels and Idolaters have been warned in the first verse of this lesson that as ancient nations were punished for their infidelity and plurality in Oneness of God, just like them you will be punished also for such sins.  

 

This verse signifies towards Pharaoh and the nations earlier to him that they falsified the Prophets (peace be upon them) sent by Allah Almighty, refused His tokens and disobeyed His Orders. Allah Almighty arrested them in punishment for these all sins and punished them severely. Therefore, one should take warning from those ancient nations, and present Infidels and Idolaters should abstain from perverseness. It has been predicted in the second verse that all those Infidels who are enemies of Allah Almighty and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), will be overcome soon. The Muslims will defeat them. After being punishable in this world, they will be cast fuel in to the splendid Fire of Hell, which is certainly an evil resting-place (very bad place).   

 

 

Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif) 

Two Supplications

LESSON # 331 FROM HOLY  QUR’AN

Two Supplications                                                                                                                          

Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran – 3)

Verse – 8& 9  of  200, Section –1    (Part – 3)

 

  1. Our Lord! Cause not our hearts to stray after Thou hast guided us, and bestow upon us mercy from Thy Presence. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Bestower.
  1. Our Lord! Lo! It is Thou Who gatherest mankind together to a Day of which there is no doubt. Lo! Allah faileth not to keep tryst.       
 8.  Rabbanaa  laa  tuzig  quluu-banaa  ba’-da  ‘iz  hadaytanaa  wa  hab  lanaa  milladunka  rah-mah.  ‘Innaka  ‘Antal-Wahaab.

  1. Rabbanaa  ‘innaka  jaami- ‘unnaasi  li-Yawmil-laa  rayba  fiih.  ‘Innallaaha  laa  yukh-liful-mii- ‘aad. 

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Lesson 

       

laa  tuzig – (cause not to stray), the word zay-gun has come in the previous verse, which means doubt, crookedness. This word has also come out from the same essence i.e. zay-gun. In the supplication of laa  tuzig the servant of Truth requests, “Cause not our hearts to stray while once You have guided us and we have found the Right Path”.

 

Prophet of Allah (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) used to supplicate often this benediction despite having so much higher grades and splendid perfections, “Yaa Muqal-libal quluubi Sabbit  qalbii ‘alaa  Diinika” (O Converter of the hearts! Keep my heart steady upon Your Religion).

 

The Erudite know that such Day will come when Allah Almighty will gather all the humankind together. The crooked heart persons who used to quarrel in precepts, decision will be settled for all. Every criminal will have to settle with punishment due to his crossness in manners and obstinacy. Due to this reason, the well learned persons remain disgusted from such unprincipled persons and remain seekers of mercy of Allah Almighty.

 

Allah Almighty described the end of Infidels along with mention of Doomsday that nothing in the world and Day of Resurrection can save them from the punishment of Allah Almighty. The Christian scholars of Najraan did not use to embrace Islam only for the reason that the Christian King would stop to reward them distinguishing gifts in case of their embracing Islam. It has been told here that all these wealth and property are accidental and nothing out of it will be of use on the Day of Resurrection. Therefore, those people who do not believe in Islam for the sake of only worldly wealth and property or honor and dignity, they should comprehend and recognize that wealth, property or mass would not be able to save them from torment.

 

The entire promises of Allah Almighty are true and He keeps His Word always. Therefore, each person should continue doing good acts with complete certainty of the parts of deeds.

 

 

 Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif)

Some Verses Are Clear & Some Allegorical

LESSON # 330 FROM HOLY  QUR’AN

Some Verses Are Clear & Some Allegorical                                                                                                                                                 

Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran – 3)

Verse – 7  of  200, Section –1    (Part – 3)

 

He it is who hath revealed unto thee (Muhammad) the Scripture wherein are clear Revelations – they are the substance of the Book – and others (which are) allegorical. But those in whose hearts is doubt pursue, forsooth, that which is allegorical seeking (to cause) dissension by seeking to explain it. None knoweth its explanation save Allah. And those who are of sound instruction say: We believe therein; the whole is from our Lord; but only men of understanding really heed.           

Huwallazii  ‘unzila  ‘alaykal- Kitaaba  minhu  ‘aayaatum-Muhkamaatun  hunna  ‘Ummul-  Kitaabi  wa  ‘ukharu  Mutashaa-bihaat.  Fa- ‘ammal-laziina  fii  quluubihim  zay-gun-  fayattabi- ‘uuna  maa  tashaabaha  minhub-tigaa- ‘al-fitnati  wabtigaaa-‘a  ta’-wiilih.  Wa  maa  ya’-lamu  ta’-wiilahuuu  ‘illallaah.  War-Raasikhuuna  fil- ‘ilmi  yaquu-luuna  ‘aamannaa  bihii, kullum-min  ‘indi  Rabbinaa.  Wa  maa  yazzakkaru  ‘illaaa  ‘ulul- ‘albaab. 

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Dr. Bilal Philips

 Though I don’t commonly use quotes from the Bible in explaining Islamic beliefs to Christians, the verse from Numbers 23:19 of the Old Testament which ascribes to God the clear statement “God is not a man…” clearly refutes Trinitarian Christian claims that Jesus is God, as they all agree that Jesus was a man. Furthermore, in the same verse it states “…neither a son of man…”, and the Gospels all contain verses in which Jesus is reported to have called himself “the son of man” (See Matthew 8:20; 19:28, Mark 14:62; Luke 9:22; John 6:53; 8:28; 13:31). Food for open-minded Christian reflection and thought. Dr Bilal 
‪#‎Bible ‪#‎God ‪#‎Jesus

 

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Lesson 

       

Muhkamaatun– (clear), those clear and apparent verses of Holy Qur’an, objects of which are determined and there is no doubt in their meanings.

 

‘Ummul-  Kitaabi– (the substance of the Book), substance of each thing is called ‘Ummu. Here this fact has been mentioned that those verses of Holy Qur’an, which are clear and obvious, which have only one meaning, those are the substantial and touchstones.

 

Mutashaa-bih(allegorical), that is such Speech, which have reciprocally several matching meanings, it would be difficult to distinguish between them and come out different points of view from its explanation. Only the religious scholars may make difference between them. It is the duty of public to follow the real scholars in the meanings of such verses. They should not rely on their own senses.  

 

‘al-laziina  fii  quluubihim  zay-gun– (those in whose hearts is doubt), it signifies towards those nations who fixed some allegorical verses seeking (to cause) dissension and by seeking to explain it as real, and by leaving behind guidance and teachings of their Prophets (peace be upon them).   

 

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Clear And Allegorical Verses

 

When Christians of Najraan were rendered helpless from all obvious arguments of the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), they said, “Hindmost you also believe in Jesus (peace be upon him) as the Spirit of God and Word of Allah. It is sufficient to prove our claim.” The reply of their useless objection has been given here in a simple manner. Many dissensions and doubts can be dispelled after understanding them.

 

Allah Almighty commanded that there are two types of verses in Holy Qur’an and other Heavenly Scripture like Torah and Gospel etc. 1.  Those verse which have ‘known’ and ‘certain’ meanings. Such verse are called ‘aayaatum-Muhkamaatun and in fact root and essence of the entire teachings of the Scripture are these verses. 2.  Name of the other type of verses is Mutashaa-bihaat. That is to say, some doubt happens in knowing the meanings of such verses.  

 

Correct method is that meaning of the second type of verses should be seen in the light of first type of verses. Which meanings seem opposite, those should be refuted. If the meaning does not become manifest notwithstanding the attempt, even then he should not cross the limits who seeks the meanings. No person is omniscient that he may know every thing. He should remain silent thinking about his knowledge. He should not issue the meanings with wrong method, which is against universally accepted principles of religion and clear Revelations. For example, Holy Qur’an has explained about Jesus (peace be upon him) ‘Inna  huwa  ‘illaa  ‘abdun  ‘An-‘am-naa  ‘alay-hi (Indeed he is a servant only, to whom We favoured). It guides us on another place, ‘Inna  masala  ‘iisaa  ‘indAllaahi  kamasali  ‘Aadama  khalaq-tahuu  min  tu-raabin (Likeness of Jesus is just like Adam. Allah created him from the earth). And it has also been proved at some other places that Jesus (peace be upon him) is neither God, nor son of God.

 

Now if any person runs behind resemblances of اللہکلمہ (KalmaHullaah)‘The Word of Allah’ and  اللہ روح (RuhUllaah)‘The Spirit of God’ etc. by closing his eyes from all these Muhkamaat. And takes such superficial meanings, which are against the common explanation of the Scripture, by leaving those meanings which are suitable to the clear verses, he is surely obstinate and perverse. Some malevolent people want to ensnare the people astray by misleading them. And some people who are weak in their faith, wish to imply such Mutashaa-bihaat(allegorical verses) according to their own judgment and will. Whereas only Allah Almighty Knows their true meanings.  

 

Those people who keep strong knowledge, they recognize the ‘aayaatum-Muhkamaatand Mutashaa-bihaat from Allah Almighty. They believe that the both types of verses are revealed from the same source. Therefore, they try to understand Mutashaa-bihaat in the light of Muhkamaat and which part is out of their sense; they leave it upon Allah Almighty because He is the best Knower. In short it is the duty of a common person who has ordinary knowledge that he should not wrangle with Mutashaa-bihaat, which have more than one meaning. He should ask its meaning from religious scholars, and which verses have clear meanings, he should act corresponding to them without any kind of delay and Reluctance. 

 

 

Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif)   

Reversal Of Untrue Doctrines

LESSON # 329 FROM HOLY  QUR’AN

Reversal Of Untrue Doctrines                                                                                                                                                 

Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran – 3)

Verse – 5& 6  of  200, Section –1    (Part – 3)

 

  1. Lo! Nothing in the earth or in the heaven is hidden from Allah.
  1. He it is who fashioneth you in the wombs as pleaseth Him. There is no God save Him, the Almighty, the Wise.         
 5.  ‘Innallaaha  laa  yakh-faa  ‘alayhi  shay- ‘un-  fil- ‘arzi  wa  laa  fis-samaaa’.

  1. Huwal-lazi  yusaw-wirukum  fil- ‘ar-haami  kayfa  yashaaa’. Laaa  ‘ilaaha  ‘illaa  Huwal-  ‘Azii-zul-  Hakiim.  

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Lesson 

       

Allah Almighty admonished in the previous verse that He would punish those people who will deny His verses. Moreover, it has been described in this verse that He has Full knowledge about every thing. As His Authority is perfect, likewise His Knowledge is very extensive. Nothing (big or small) can remain hidden for a moment from His Knowledge in the earth and skies. He knows specified difference of the entire goodness and sins. Where can a criminal go who wishes to hide him running out?

 

It manifested also from here that Jesus (peace be upon him) cannot be God because he did not know such complete knowledge. He (peace be upon him) did know only that, which was told by Allah Almighty to him. For refutation of godhead of Jesus (peace be upon him), Allah Almighty described another Quality. That is to say, “He it is who fashions you according to His Wisdom and Knowledge in the wombs of mothers as pleases Him. There is no God save Him. He brings in to being as He wishes – male or female, handsome or ill looking, clear-sighted or blind, dumb or deaf. He causes to rise a human being from an ordinary drop of seminal fluid and blood.” Therefore, how can he (peace be upon him)be called God who remained in the darkness of his mother’s womb, eats, drinks, makes water and discharge from bowels.

 

The Christians used to produce the proof that Jesus (peace be upon him) is God as while there is no apparent father of him, then God is his father (let us flee to Allah Almighty). They are being replied for their question in this verse. That is to say’ Allah Almighty prepares the shape of mankind in the womb with His Divine Power as He wishes, either through father and mother (both) or with the power of mother only. Hence, He described the Virtues of ‘Azii-zul-  Hakiim, that is to say’ He is Excelling, Owner of all strong Powers and the Almighty, the Wise.

 

He created Adam (peace be upon him) without father and mother, brought in to being his (peace be upon him) wife without mother. Like this, He produced Jesus (peace be upon him) without father. How can someone have doubt in the Wisdom and Knowledge of such Creator, Master and Wise?

 

 

Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif)   

Holy Qur’an And Earlier Scripture

LESSON # 328 FROM HOLY  QUR’AN

Holy Qur’an And Earlier Scripture                                                                                                                    

Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran – 3)

Verse – 3& 4  of  200, Section –1    (Part – 3)

 

  1. He hath revealed unto thee (Muhammad) the Scripture with truth, confirming that which was (revealed) before it, even as He revealed the Torah and the Gospel-
  1. Aforetime, for a guidance to mankind; and hath revealed the Criterion (of right and wrong). Lo! Those who disbelieve the Revelations of Allah, theirs will be a heavy doom. And Allah is Requite (the wrong).
 3.  Nazzala  ‘alaykal-Kitaaba  bil-Haqqi  musaddiqal-limaa  bayna  yadayhi  wa  ‘anzalat-Taw-raata  wal-‘Injiil

  1. Min-qablu  Hudal-linnaasi  wa  ‘anzalal-Furqaan.  ‘Innal-laziina  kafaruu  bi—‘aayaatil-laahi  lahum  ‘azaabun-  shadiid.  Wallaahu  ‘Aziizun-  Zuntiqaam.

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Lesson 

bil-Haqqi – (with truth), wisdom, knowledge, and justice is also entering in the meaning of the word Haqq along with truth. That is to say; the Speech of Allah (Holy Qur’an) is full of wisdom as well as on truth.

 

Musaddiqun– (a verifier, an affirmer, one who believes other), Holy Qur’an is the Scripture, confirming that, which was revealed before it. It acknowledges each Heavenly Book as on truth, and believes in the Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon them) and their teachings from Allah Almighty.

 

‘al-Furqaan– (a standard of judging, the Criterion), it means that specified discretion which is born between right and wrong. According to some religious scholars, it aims the miracles, arguments and proofs which were conferred to each Messenger/Prophet (peace be upon him). Furqaanis also the name of Holy Qur’an. Its literal meanings are ‘the Separator’, that is to say; the Separator of right and wrong, true and false.

 

Allah Almighty has commanded in this verse that “O Messenger! Holy Qur’an revealed to you with truth and justice in accord with real wisdom and it has another peculiarity that it confirms the Scripture, which was revealed before it like Torah and Gospel etc. These Books used to guide the ancient people. Like this, as though Allah Almighty told that the faith regarding Godhead of Jesus and being son of God did not exist in any heavenly book, because according to the principles of religion all Heavenly Books are unanimous.

 

Allah Almighty revealed such proper things in every reign, which differentiate and distinct between right and wrong, lawful and unlawful, true and false. At last, He also commanded that the people who will deny believing in the verses of Allah Almighty intentionally, He would punish them (certainly). He is Overcoming, Requite and Perfect Capable to take revenge.

 

Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif)

Efficacy Of Lord

LESSON # 327 FROM HOLY  QUR’AN

Efficacy Of Lord                                                                                                                                                 

Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran – 3)

Verse – 1& 2  of  200, Section –1    (Part – 3)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shaytaanir-Rajiim

Bismillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

  1. Alif. Lam. Mim.

 

  1. Allah! There is no God save Him, the Alive, the Eternal.           

1  ‘Alif-Laaam-Miiim.

 

  1. ‘Allaahu  laaa  ‘ilaaha  ‘illaa  Huwal-Hayyul-Qayyuum.

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Lesson 

       

Purpose to reveal this verse is that a group of Christians from Najraan came to Messenger of Allah (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). These people were convinced about godhead of Jesus (peace be upon him). They used to say him “son of God” (let us flee to God) and believed in trinity. When the conversation began, Messenger of Allah (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) proved that Jesus (peace be upon him) was a servant of Allah Almighty. Allah Almighty is pure from it that He is nourished in the womb of any woman, and after birth He eats and drinks like common humankind, (I seek shelter of Allah Almighty from Satan the outcast). Messenger of Islam (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) told that belief of Christians is baseless in which they say, “Jesus (peace be upon him) was hanged and died restlessly (let us flee to God).

 

Messenger of Allah (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) said, “you do not know that ‘Allaahu  laaa  ‘ilaaha  ‘illaa  Huwal-Hayyul-Qayyuum (Allah! There is no God save Him, the Alive, the Eternal), He can never die, He bestowed body to the entire creature. Contrary to Him Jesus (peace be upon him) will certainly die, and it is clear that how can he keep up other creature who cannot keep his own existence?

 

Listening it, they all became silent. Then Messenger of Allah (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) said, “if you have still any doubt then come, let us come out bringing our children (yours’ and ours’) and supplicate from God Almighty, “curse upon the liar”. They requested that they would reply after consultation with each other. Accordingly, they consulted among themselves that, “this person is Messenger of God (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), if we shall oppose him in this manner, wrath of God will break in upon us. So it is better for us to go back to our homes”. Therefore, they went back to Najraan.  

 

‘Alif-Laaam-Miiim – (short verses), it was explained in LESSON # 15 of HOLY QUR’AAN (Surah AL-BAQARAH – 2 ABSOLUTE LETTERS Verse – 1 of 286, section -1). To say something certainly about its meaning is difficult. The saints have described different meanings. Well-known saying is that ‘Alif-Laaam-Miiim is substance of ‘Ana-Allaahu ‘a’-lamu (I, Allah am the best Knower). In short, Allah Almighty has rejected the beliefs of Christians in above-mentioned verse. Their following three Articles of Faith were famous: (let us flee to God)  

 

  1. Trinity (with the union of God, Jesus and Holy Spirit it becomes God).
  2. Jesus (peace be upon him) is God. He has come in the shape of humankind.
  3. Jesus (peace be upon him) is son of God.

 

The words ‘Allaahu  laaa  ‘ilaaha  ‘illaa  Huvitiated the first article of faith. Then the words Hayyul-Qayyuumproved that the second and third articles of faith are also wrong, because Jesus (peace be upon him) was born from the womb of a woman. As though, he (peace be upon him) was indigent of his mother for his birth. Moreover, while transitory is also for him (peace be upon him), then he (peace be upon him) cannot be Qayyuum(the Eternal), so how can he (peace be upon him) be Allah (God) Almighty?

 

 

Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif)