Lessons from Holy Qur'an

God is the most Merciful of those who show mercy

Quran Chapter 12  64 (Pt-13, Stg-3) (L-1520) – درس قرآن

God is the most Merciful of those who show mercy

Surah Yuusuf (Joseph) – 12

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

قَالَ هَلْ ءَامَنُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ إِلَّا كَمَآ أَمِنتُكُمْعَلَىٰٓ أَخِيهِ مِن قَبْلُ فَٱللَّهُ خَيْرٌ حَٰفِظًا وَهُوَ أَرْحَمُ ٱلرَّٰحِمِينَ (64

64.  He said: Can I entrust him to you save as I entrusted his brother to you aforetime? So Allah is Better at Guarding, and He is the Most Merciful of those who show mercy. 64.  Qaala  hal  ‘aa-manukum  ‘alayhi  ‘illaa  kamaaa  ‘amin-tukum  ‘alaaa  ‘akhiihi  min-  qabl.  Fallaahu  Khayrun  Haafizaa.  Wa  Huwa  ‘Arhamur-Raahimiin.    

 

Commentary

Prophet Jacob (peace be upon him) commands: I have been suffering requital of sending his Brother {Joseph (peace be upon him)} with you on the promise of your guarding so far, and have seen well the result of having trust in you. Do you expect again from me now that I shall send the brother of Joseph (peace be upon him) also entrusting to your conversation? As you could not save his Brother, how would you save him? I erred aforetime that I trusted in you and your strong promise of His safety. Now I have known well my error that only Allah Almighty is Better at guarding. You cannot be a good guard. We should never forget Him. He is the Best of Protectors, Who is Aware of His servants’ condition. He knows my condition also. Who can be more Merciful than Him? Mercy is in His Hand; Who is Omnipotent to remove calamity. Other all merciful are humble. By observing that someone is in distress, they can show their sympathy only and feel in their hearts pity on his condition. Moreover, no one can remove hearty grief of any other. It is in the Omnipotence of Allah Almighty only that He can remove grief and sorrow from the hearts of all, provide ease and comfort against restlessness, and change the pain in pleasure. So, only His protection can be useful because He beholds all hidden and open enemies and can repulse them immediately. You yourselves are helpless, how can you help others?

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).

Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Promise and menace by Joseph

Quran Chapter 12  63 (Pt-13, Stg-3) (L-1519) – درس قرآن

Promise and menace by Joseph

Surah Yuusuf (Joseph) – 12

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

فَلَمَّا رَجَعُوٓا۟ إِلَىٰٓ أَبِيهِمْ قَالُوا۟ يَٰٓأَبَانَا مُنِعَ مِنَّا ٱلْكَيْلُ فَأَرْسِلْ مَعَنَآ أَخَانَا نَكْتَلْ وَإِنَّا لَهُۥ لَحَٰفِظُونَ (63

 

63.  So when they went back to their father they said: O our father! The measure is denied us, so send with us our brother that we may obtain the measure, surely we will guard him well. 63.  Fa-lammaa  raja-‘uuu  ‘ilaaa  ‘abiihim  qaaluu  yaaa  ‘abaanaa  muni-‘a  minnal-kaylu  fa-‘arsil  ma-‘anaaa  ‘akhaa-naa  nak-tal  ‘innaa  lahuu  la-haafi-zuun.    

 

Commentary

 

Nak-tal – (we may obtain the measure), origin of this word is ‘ik-ti-yaal, which has been derived from the word kay-la. Kay-la means “to measure”. ‘Ik-ti-yaal means to obtain duly measured”.

 

Prophet Joseph (peace be upon him) arranged in all respect that they should bring His brother Binyamin.

 

  • First of all; He promised that grain’s full measure of the portion of their brother will be provided.

 

  • Secondly, He (peace be upon him) menaced them also in these worlds: Don’t think of coming unto Me if you do not bring your brother.

 

  • Thirdly, He (peace be upon him) returned their merchandise silently and secretly.

 

The brothers could say only at the time of hearing the promise and menace from Joseph (peace be upon him): We shall try our best to prepare our father that He should send Binyamin with us.

 

It is commanded that as soon as they reached their father, they caused to hear him the first news: Our father! No grain will be given to us in future. The ruler of Egypt has said clearly: Bring your brother along with yourselves, whom you have left behind at home, when you come again next time, otherwise you will not be provided the corn. So, send our brother with us in our next round. We will guard him fully. The brothers were much influenced by the promise and menace of Joseph (peace be upon him), so they did not delay in presenting the matter before Jacob (peace be upon him). It is obvious that they would have told their father at first that the ruler of Egypt {Joseph (peace be upon him)} is a very good entertainer; who is very munificent and receives the guests warmly. Jacob (peace be upon him) would have seen, to and fro, the camels; loaded with saddlebags full of grain also. In short, they would have prepared well the situation for presenting their application, so that their father should recommend their request without hesitation. Along with it they said too: Now; we have not been carrying our brother for supports, therefore, there is no reason of negligence. During journey, we would have no work but “Safety” only.

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).

Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Purpose of asking detail from brothers

Quran Chapter 12  62 (Pt-13, Stg-3) (L-1518) – درس قرآن

Purpose of asking detail from brothers

Surah Yuusuf (Joseph) – 12

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

وَقَالَ لِفِتْيَٰنِهِ ٱجْعَلُوا۟ بِضَٰعَتَهُمْ فِى رِحَالِهِمْ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَعْرِفُونَهَآ إِذَا ٱنقَلَبُوٓا۟ إِلَىٰٓ أَهْلِهِمْ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ (62

62.  He said unto his young men: Place their merchandise in their saddlebags, so that they may know it when they go back to their folk, perhaps they may come again. 62.  Wa  qaala  lifit-yaanihij-‘aluu  bi-zaa-‘atahum  fii  rihaa-lihim  la-‘allahum  ya’-rifuu-nahaaa  ‘izan-qalabuuu  ‘ilaaa  ‘ahlihim  la-‘allahum  yarji-‘uun.       

 

Commentary

Joseph (peace be upon him) was desirous that when those people (His brethren) come again for acquiring grain, they should make sure to bring their younger brother Binyamin with them. It was the reason that at first, He (peace be upon him) asked the detail of their address and then inquired: How many brothers have you? When they told about their younger brother, then at first; He (peace be upon him) laid stress on them that they should bring him also along with them when they come again, and He warned them too: If you did not bring your younger brother, nothing will be given to you in future.

 

In addition, He (peace be upon him) managed in such a way; by which; it was certain that they would bring Binyamin along with them. When His brothers were being ready to return, their luggage was being loaded on camels by the servants of Joseph (peace be upon him). Quietly, He (peace be upon him) arranged to place their merchandise secretly in their saddlebags, against which they had purchased the grain, so that after reaching home, when they open their baggage, they will recognize by finding their capital amount concealed in the purchased grain that: We have been provided the corn free of cost. It will persuade them good and their Father {Jacob – (peace be upon him)} will think also: there is no harm in sending Binyamin unto such liberal person: Certainly; He will pay attention and receive him with politeness. By all of this, nearly and surely they will come back along with their brother Binyamin.

 

Joseph (peace be upon him) had already thought: How should they all be peopled in Egypt with Him (peace be upon him)? He did not desire to confuse them due to shame; by disclosing Himself in their first meeting, but by the way, He wished to determine them a source of His meeting again with His Father (peace be upon them).

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).

Lessons from Holy Qur'an

We shall treat your brother good like you

Quran Chapter 12  60 & 61 (Pt-13, Stg-3) (L-1517) – درس قرآن

We shall treat your brother good like you

Surah Yuusuf (Joseph) – 12

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

فَإِن لَّمْ تَأْتُونِى بِهِۦ فَلَا كَيْلَ لَكُمْ عِندِى وَلَا تَقْرَبُونِ (60

  قَالُوا۟ سَنُرَٰوِدُعَنْهُ أَبَاهُ وَإِنَّا لَفَٰعِلُونَ (61

60.  And if ye bring him not unto me, then there shall be no measure for you with me, nor shall ye draw near.

 

61.  They said: We will try to win him from his father; that we will surely do.

60.  Fa-‘illam  ta’-tuunii  bihii  falaa  Kayla  lakum  ‘indii  wa  laa  taqra-buun.

 

61.  Qaaluu  sanu-raawidu  ‘anhu  ‘abaahu  wa  ‘innaa  lafaa-‘iluun.      

 

Commentary

 

Falaa  Kayla – (then no measure), here it aims “the grain”, which is given duly weighed by a measure. It means: You will not be provided any measure of grain from here.

 

Joseph (peace be upon him) was not still in favor of manifesting Himself. He (peace be upon him) is aware of all circumstances in fact, but He has been talking with His brothers as though, about them, He knows only that which they have been describing. Therefore, when they demanded the portion of corn for Binyamin, then He (peace be upon him) said to them: Bring Him with you next time when you come again. We shall treat him good also as we treated you.

 

It has been explained in this verse that Joseph (peace be upon him) warned them too: If you did not bring your brother then it will be considered that by telling a lie, you wished to get one extra camel loaded with corn. If you are true, then for proof; you should bring him, otherwise you are liars. In such condition, you are not allowed to draw near Me (peace be upon him), because I dislike the deceivers. If you will come back without him, your journey to Egypt will be useless, because I shall not give you even one seed of grain.

 

After hearing this from Joseph (peace be upon him), they would have been certainly confounded, because they were well aware about that which they committed in the matter of Joseph (peace be upon him). How would have their Father {Jacob – (peace be upon him)} trust in them for Binyamin? They had been entangled in a difficulty that if they did not bring Binyamin, it would be considered that they were telling a lie. And if they wished to bring him, how could they bring (Binyamin from father)?

 

At last they could say nothing but that: We shall flatter our father and as it might be possible, we shall excite him to send Binyamin with us.

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).

Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Bring unto me a brother of yours from your father

Quran Chapter 12  58 & 59 (Pt-13, Stg-3) (L-1516) – درس قرآن

Bring unto me a brother of yours from your father

Surah Yuusuf (Joseph) – 12

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

 وَجَآءَ إِخْوَةُ يُوسُفَ فَدَخَلُوا۟ عَلَيْهِ فَعَرَفَهُمْ وَهُمْ لَهُۥ مُنكِرُونَ (58

  وَلَمَّا جَهَّزَهُم بِجَهَازِهِمْ قَالَ ٱئْتُونِى بِأَخٍلَّكُم مِّنْ أَبِيكُمْ أَلَا تَرَوْنَ أَنِّىٓ أُوفِى ٱلْكَيْلَ وَأَنَا۠ خَيْرُ ٱلْمُنزِلِينَ (59

58.  And Joseph’s brethren came and presented themselves before him, then he recognized them but they remained unaware of him.

 

59.  And when he provided them with their provision he said: Bring unto me a brother of yours from your father. See ye not that I fill up the measure and I am the best of hosts?

58.  Wa  jaaa-‘a  ‘ikhwatun  Yuu-sufa  fadakhaluu  ‘alayhi  fa-‘arafahum  wa  hum  lahuu  mun-kiruun.

 

59.  Wa  lammaa  jahha-zahum-  bi-jahaa-zihim  qaala’-tuunii  bi-‘akhil-lakum-min  ‘abiikum.  ‘Alaa  tarawna  ‘anniii  ‘uufil-kayla  wa  ‘anaa  khay-rul-munzi-liin.      

 

Commentary

 

Joseph (peace be upon him) deposited grain in storehouses for seven years and then began to distribute with planning during the famine. This news reached very distant that, in Egypt, every necessitous is provided corn more than enough. When brothers of Joseph (peace be upon him) heard this news, they came to Egypt for purchasing grain also.

 

When they arrived before Joseph (peace be upon him), He recognized them immediately, but the brothers could not know Him (peace be upon him). Then probably, Joseph (peace be upon him) would have asked them about their address. He paid them full attention and at the time of their departure for their home town, He (peace be upon him) gave them grain with generosity. Possibly, they would have said: We have one more brother, who has not come with us in this journey.

 

They would have requested for the grain of his (the brother left behind at home) portion after explaining about their entire circumstances. Then Joseph (peace be upon him) said: Bring unto me your left over brother when you come again next time. He will also be treated like you, when he will come. You have observed that I do not decrease the measure and I am the best of hosts. Actually, Joseph (peace be upon him) desired to call His real brother named Binyamin unto Himself.

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).

Lessons from Holy Qur'an

God bestows His Mercy on whom He wills

Quran Chapter 12  56 & 57 (Pt-13, Stg-3) (L-1515) – درس قرآن

God bestows His Mercy on whom He wills

Surah Yuusuf (Joseph) – 12

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

 وَكَذَٰلِكَ مَكَّنَّا لِيُوسُفَ فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ يَتَبَوَّأُ مِنْهَا حَيْثُ يَشَآءُ نُصِيبُ بِرَحْمَتِنَا مَن نَّشَآءُ وَلَا نُضِيعُ أَجْرَ ٱلْمُحْسِنِينَ (56

 وَلَأَجْرُ ٱلْءَاخِرَةِ خَيْرٌلِّلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ وَكَانُوا۟ يَتَّقُونَ (57

56.  Thus gave We power to Joseph in the land. He was the owner of it, so that might settle therein where he wished. We bestow Our Mercy on whom We will and We lose not the reward of the good.

 

57.  And the reward of the Hereafter is better, for those who believe and ward off (evil).

56.  Wa  kazaalika  makkan-Naa  li-Yuusufa  fil-‘arz.  Yata-baw-wa-‘u  min-haa  haysu  yashaaa’.  Nusiibu  bi-Rah-mati-Naa  man-Nashaaa-‘u  wa  laa  Nuzii-‘u  ‘ajral-Muh-siniin.

 

57.  Wa  la-‘ajrul- ‘Aakhirati  khayrul-lillaziina  ‘aamanuu  wa  kaanuu  yattaquun.         

 

Commentary

 

We have seen that how Joseph (peace be upon him) accepted to be a manger of the country’s treasury. Later, with the process of time, all ministries of the government were given under His control. It has been commanded in this verse that after causing Him to pass through these entire circumstances, Allah Almighty desired to appoint Him ruler of Egypt and by means of Him, the Children of Israel should be brought there and inhabit them in Egypt. Therefore, these all happenings were for the same purpose.

 

So, it was the result that at that time, Joseph (peace be upon him) had full power over the kingdom of Egypt. The actual king was for the mere name of a king. Every matter was being commanded by Joseph (peace be upon him) only.

 

Allah Almighty commands: We exalt the person with Our Mercy whom We will. Verily, We bestow reward of good deeds to every righteous. The individual who passes his life according to Our prescribed Law, is certainly bestowed with full remuneration. He lives prosperous in the world without any confusion. And which dignity any individual deserves, acquires it. Besides this, he will also be given good reward after death on the Day of Resurrection, because the entire Believers and Abstemious people will find the fruit of their good deeds there.

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).

Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Producing own expert services is a trust too

Quran Chapter 12  54 & 55 (Pt-13, Stg-3) (L-1514) – درس قرآن

Producing own expert services is a trust too

Surah Yuusuf (Joseph) – 12

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

 وَقَالَ ٱلْمَلِكُ ٱئْتُونِى بِهِۦٓأَسْتَخْلِصْهُ لِنَفْسِى فَلَمَّا كَلَّمَهُۥ قَالَ إِنَّكَ ٱلْيَوْمَ لَدَيْنَا مَكِينٌ أَمِينٌ (54

  قَالَ ٱجْعَلْنِى عَلَىٰ خَزَآئِنِ ٱلْأَرْضِ إِنِّى حَفِيظٌ عَلِيمٌ (55

54.  And the king said: Bring him unto me that I may attach him to my person. Then when he had talked with him he said: Lo! Thou art today in our presence honourable and trusted.

 

55.  He said: Set me over the storehouses of the land. Lo! I am a skilled custodian.

54.  Wa  qaalal-maliku’-tuunii  bihiii  ‘astakh-lis-hu  linaf-sii.  Falammaa  kallamahuu  qaala  ‘innakal-yawma  laday-naa  makii-nun  ‘amiin.

 

55.  Qaalaj-‘alnii  ‘alaa  khazaaa-‘inil-‘arz.  ‘Innii  hafeezun  ‘aliim.        

 

Commentary

 

‘Astakh-lis-hu – {I set him free (from all others)}, this word is from ‘istikhlaas, which has been derived from khaluus. Khaluus means “to be without adulteration”. ‘Istikhlaas means “to separate by detaching from entire other people”. It aims: I shall attach him to my person.

 

The king sent the messenger again and ordered: You should bring Joseph (peace be upon him) unto me. I shall keep Him in my service. No other will have any relation with Him (peace be upon him).

 

When Joseph (peace be upon him) met the king, he said: With effect from today, You are from our chosen persons. Joseph (peace be upon him) said: Appoint Me a Finance Minister of your country. I know well the matters relating to Revenue. And in the present situation, there is no more expert than Me who may manage the Revenue and preserve the food for forthcoming circumstances because for this purpose there is a dire need of an aware and honest person.

 

Joseph (peace be upon him) considered it a part of Trust and Honesty also that He should produce His services Himself for the welfare of the public. It is learnt from the discussion by Joseph (peace be upon him) that every individual can manifest his special ability for the benefit of the common people, but not for own advantage or personal pomp and show.

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).

Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Conversation of Joseph

Quran Chapter 12  53 (Pt-13, Stg-3) (L-1513) – درس قرآن

Conversation of Joseph

Surah Yuusuf (Joseph) – 12

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

 وَمَآ أُبَرِّئُ نَفْسِىٓ إِنَّ ٱلنَّفْسَ لَأَمَّارَةٌۢ بِٱلسُّوٓءِ إِلَّا مَا رَحِمَ رَبِّىٓ إِنَّ رَبِّى غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ (53

53.  And I do not exculpate myself. Lo! The (man’s) self enjoineth unto evil, save that whereon my Lord hath mercy. Lo! My Lord is Forgiving, Merciful. 53.  WA  MAAA  ‘UBARRI-‘U  NAFSII.  ‘Innan-nafsa  la-‘am-maaratum-  bis-suuu-‘i  ‘illaa  maa  rahima  Rabbii.  ‘Inna  Rabbii  Gafuurur-Rahiim.    

 

Commentary

 

‘UBARRI-‘U – (I exculpate), this word is from tabri-‘atun, origin of which is bar-‘un. Bar-‘un means goodness and good health. Tabri-‘atun means “to clear from charge of fault or crime, to admit that the accused is faultless”.

 

‘Am-maaratun – (such stubborn, who enjoins unto evil), it is from the word ‘amar. ‘Amar means “Command”.

 

Chosen servants of God Almighty are not proud of being pious, but they consider that piety is by the Divine guidance. If they are saved from evil deeds, they do not give themselves airs that they are good, so they are superior to others.

 

It is known from the sayings of grand people: If someone glories in doing good works and after performing, he wishes that the people should respect him due to his good works and consider that he is a great and of good disposition, then his all virtues are wasted. It has been admitted in the Principles of the Religion that ostentation, wish of renown, hope of praise and behaving with boastfulness – eat up the good deed as the fire reduces the firewood to ashes.

 

Particular servants of Allah Almighty do neither see any reason of their praise in it that they are abstinent and nor they demand their superiority over others due to any such reason.

 

Joseph (peace be upon him) said: I do not exculpate myself. It was mercy and kindness of Allah Almighty upon me that I was saved from the great sin, otherwise inordinate appetite would have drowned me. Allah Almighty keeps sight of forgiveness and mercy upon His servants who are meek in temperament.

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).

Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Wife of ruler said: Now the truth is out

Quran Chapter 12  51b & 52 (Pt-12, Stg-3) (L-1512) – درس قرآن

Wife of ruler said: Now the truth is out

Surah Yuusuf (Joseph) – 12

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

  قُلْنَ حَٰشَ لِلَّهِ مَا عَلِمْنَا عَلَيْهِ مِنسُوٓءٍ قَالَتِ ٱمْرَأَتُ ٱلْعَزِيزِ ٱلْـَٰٔنَ حَصْحَصَ ٱلْحَقُّ أَنَا۠ رَٰوَدتُّهُۥ عَن نَّفْسِهِۦ وَإِنَّهُۥ لَمِنَ ٱلصَّٰدِقِينَ (51   b)

 ذَٰلِكَ لِيَعْلَمَ أَنِّى لَمْ أَخُنْهُ بِٱلْغَيْبِ وَأَنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَايَهْدِى كَيْدَ ٱلْخَآئِنِينَ (52

51b.  They answered: Allah Blameless! We know no evil of him. Said the wife of the ruler: Now the truth is out. I asked of him an evil act, and he is surely of the truthful.

 

52.  (Then Joseph said: I asked for) this, that he (my lord) may know that I betrayed him not in secret, and surely Allah does not allow the deceivers to succeed in their deception.

51b.  Qulna  Haasha  Lillaahi  maa  ‘alim-naa  ‘alayhi  min  suuu’.  Qaala-timra-‘atul-’Aziizil-‘aana  has-hasal-haqq.  ‘Anaa  raa-wattuhuu  ‘an-naf-sihii  wa  ‘innahuu  laminas-Saadiqiin.

 

52.  Zaalika  li-ya’-lama  ‘annii  lam  ‘akhun-hu  bil-gaybi  wa  ‘annAllaaha  laa  yahdii  kay-dal-khaaa-‘iniin.    

 

Commentary

 

Before the king, those women who were present, were those entire including the wife of the ruler of Egypt, in front of whom, Joseph (peace be upon him) was brought up. Summary of the question was that: Did you find Joseph (peace be upon him) abstinent or saw him immoral. Those all women replied collectively and forthwith: By God! We did not find any evil into him. Then wife of the ruler said: At last the truth has become public. I accept in this houseful court of the king in my particular matter that Satan misled me that I should make me inclined to Joseph (peace be upon him). He is certainly truthful in the claim of His innocence.

 

In the prison, Joseph (peace be upon him) would have taken a sigh of satisfaction after hearing above mentioned conversation of the women. He caused to say by someone in the court: I did all this for the purpose that I may assure perfectly to my lord (the ruler of Egypt) that I did never committed any such work behind him at his home, by which he have his reputation sullied. Allah Almighty does not allow the deceivers to succeed in their deception.

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).

Lessons from Holy Qur'an

My Lord knows the guile of the women

Quran Chapter 12  50 & 51a (Pt-12, Stg-3) (L-1511) – درس قرآن

My Lord knows the guile of the women

Surah Yuusuf (Joseph) – 12

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

 وَقَالَ ٱلْمَلِكُ ٱئْتُونِى بِهِۦ فَلَمَّا جَآءَهُ ٱلرَّسُولُ قَالَ ٱرْجِعْ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ فَسْـَٔلْهُ مَابَالُ ٱلنِّسْوَةِ ٱلَّٰتِى قَطَّعْنَ أَيْدِيَهُنَّ إِنَّ رَبِّى بِكَيْدِهِنَّ عَلِيمٌ 50

  قَالَ مَا خَطْبُكُنَّ إِذْ رَٰوَدتُّنَّ يُوسُفَ عَن نَّفْسِهِۦ (51   b)

50.  And the king said: Bring him unto me. So when the messenger came unto him, he (Joseph) said: Return unto thy lord and ask him what was the case of the women who cut their hands. Lo! My Lord knoweth their guile.

 

51a.  He (the king) (then sent for those women and) said: What happened when ye asked an evil act of Joseph?

50.  Wa  qaalal-maliku’-tuunii  bih.  Falammaa  jaaa-‘a-hur-rasuulu  qaalarji’  ‘ilaa  rabbi-ka  fas-‘alhu  maa  baalun-niswatil-laatii  qatta’-na  ‘aydi-yahunn.  ‘Inna  Rabbii  bi-kay-di-hinna  ‘Aliim.

 

51a.  Qaala  maa  khat-bukunna  ‘iz  raa-wattunna  Yuusufa  ‘an-nafsih.

 

Commentary

 

When the cup-bearer of the king (released fellow-prisoner of Joseph) returned unto the king and described the interpretation of his dream, which was explained by Joseph (peace be upon him), he was astonished by observing His wisdom. At once; he ordered: Bring Him unto me.

 

Joseph (peace be upon him) had passed many years in the prison. It was a demand of such situation that He would have broken into a passion with pleasure and moved with the messenger, but His (peace be upon him) prudence did not permit Him to make haste. He thought: A false charge was liable to come upon Me. How can I show My face to the people with that accusation?

 

He (Joseph) (peace be upon him) said to the messenger of the king: You should go back to the king and say that he should, at first (for proving My innocence), call those women who cut their hands and on the basis of their opinion, I was found guilty and imprisoned. And the king should ask the women to speak the truth about that happening, so that the actual occurrence is disclosed before the people. Allah Almighty is my Lord Who is already Aware of their guile.

 

The king considered it suitable that this matter should be cleared immediately. Therefore, he sent for those women. When they reached, he asked from them in such a way as he is actually aware of that entire happening; but he is desirous to know only “Did you ask an evil act of Joseph; thinking that He is an evildoer or otherwise?”

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).