Fight In The Way Of Allah Almighty

LESSON # 207 FROM HOLY QUR’AN

Fight In The Way Of Allah Almighty

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

  Verse –190 of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)

 

And fight in the Way of Allah against those who fight against you, but begin not hostilities. Lo! Allah loveth not aggressors.     

Wa  qaatiluu  fii  sabiilil-laahil-laziina  yuqaatiluunakum  wa  laa  ta’-taduu.  ‘Innallaaha  laa yuhibbul-mu’-tadiin.

 

 

Lesson

 

Qaatiluu – (fight) it is derived from the word Qataal which means ‘to fight’. The Muslims are being commanded at the stage when the enemies and oppressors of Islam have pulled down tyranny upon them. This oppression was not only for a few days, it also was used to pull down for thirteen years during the stay in Makkah. Having patience in reply of aggression and cruelty of Infidels, when the Muslims left their homes and native land, and colonized in Madina then they were permitted to fight against the enemies for protection after so long and hard trial which was also due to their attacks and strictures again and again.

 

Fii  sabiilil-laahi – (in the Way of God Almighty) that is to say not for their own need, but only for benediction of Allah Almighty, to efface the plurality, to support the Right Religion and to get pleasure of the God Almighty.

 

Al-laziina  yuqaatiluunakum – (those who fight against you) namely those people who raised the weapons over you. There have been revealed two things from these words:

 

  • The war was neither begun first by the Muslims and nor they were to be so. All the battles fought by the Muslims against Infidels in which Holy Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) participated were only for defence and protection purpose.
  • The war would only be fought against those people who participate practically in it. All the old persons, children, women, patients and impartial persons are excluded. It is not lawful in Islam to fight against them. However all the enemies are included in Al-laziina  yuqaatiluunakum who are busy in preparations against Islam and the Muslims, and are helping the fighters in any form.

 

Laa  ta’-taduu – (don’t begin hostilities) this word has come out from the word ‘i’-ta-daa which means ‘to advance from the just’ and go forth from the limits. It may have many forms:

 

  • The meaning of ‘the Limits’ can be the limits of Divine of the Religion, for instance to kill also those persons of enemy nation emotionally as revenge and anger who have not participated in the battle, to burn their crops, gardens and fruit-bearing trees and to kill their speechless animals.
  • Aim of ‘the limit’ may also be the limit of agreement, for example ‘not to care also the agreements personally following the other nations and attack starting faithlessness to their promise’.
  • One other form of crossing ‘the limit’ may be ‘to fight for any other cause or purpose besides Fii  sabiilil-laahi (in the Way of God Almighty)’.    

 

      

Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif) (http://hltsharif.blogspot.com) (muhammadsharif276@gmail.com)

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A Custom Of Ignorance

   LESSON # 206 FROM HOLY QUR’AN

A Custom Of Ignorance

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

  Verse –189b of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)

 

It is not righteousness that ye go to houses by the backs thereof (as do the idolaters at certain seasons), but the righteous man is he who wardeth off (evil). So go to houses by the gates thereof, and observe your duty to Allah, that ye may be successful.  

Wa  laysal-birru  bi-‘an-  ta’-tul-  bu-yuuta  min- zuhuurihaa  wa  laakinnal-birra  manittaqaa.  Wa’-tul-bu-yuuta min  ‘abwaabihaa;  wat-taqullaaha  la-‘allakum  tuflihuun.

 

 

Lesson

 

Before Islam it was tradition during the time of ignorance that when the people of Arab used to fasten their determination dress during the days of pilgrimage, they considered inauspicious and ill-omened to enter their houses through the gates/doors. Moreover they used to enter making doors in the back walls of their houses or climb on the roofs from the backyard of their houses and leap in their houses. They used to suppose it unto themselves a great worship and respect of the temple of Makkah (Ka’-ba). Looking them doing so some Companions (may God Almighty be pleased with them) of the Holy Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) also were fallen in this misunderstanding and deemed against the respects of determination to enter through the doors of their houses in determination dresses.

 

In this verse this misunderstanding has been removed and told that righteousness is not in it to enter the house from its back and the righteousness is not in it also to consider worship to any self invented statement. Moreover it is the righteousness that the Orders of God Almighty is obeyed, be frightened from disobedience of His Commands, be temperate from evil doings and whenever you wish to enter your house, come in from its door/gate, leave ancient customs and invented concoctions/wrongs and act upon the Guidance of the God Almighty.

 

It has also been cleared from it that each those actions which are not verified or supported by Holy Qur’an and the Sayings of Holy Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), to understand them as worship in personal heart and admit them in the Divine law of religion or make them compulsory over personal life are sins and that is called heresy.

 

Then it has also become evident that the real righteousness is the fear of God Almighty, that is to say, to embrace His Orders whole heartedly and act upon them, to have fear from disobedience of Allah Almighty, use to escape from His forbidden affairs. This righteousness is required by the God Almighty and this is the touch-stone of mankind’s’ actions and his life’s goodness and badness.

 

At the end it has been expounded that the result of the righteousness like this is perfect success and achievement of the object. This verse reminds us again that God fearing and success have how much deep relation between each other. The Fear of God Almighty is the basic principle of fame/respect and comfort forever in both the Worlds.

 

 

Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif) (http://hltsharif.blogspot.com) (muhammadsharif276@gmail.com)  

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Bribe

LESSON # 204 FROM HOLY QUR’AN

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Bribe

Verse –188b of 286, Section – 24 (Part  – 2)

 

Nor seek by it to gain the hearing of the judges that ye may knowingly devour a portion of the property of others wrongfully.  

Wa tudluu bihaaa ‘ilal-huk-kaami  li-ta’-kuluu  fariiqam-min  ‘amwaalin-naasi  bil-‘ismi  wa  ‘antum  ta’-lamuun.

 

 

Lesson

 

Tudluu – (don’t seek gain by supplying money or any other valuable thing to the officials for getting their favor. Don’t put affect on the rulers/officers either bribing them or giving them property as financial gifts t0 approach and get unlawful advantage).

 

Fariiqan – (part, share) it also means any group or party but here it has been used as portion or part.

 

Bil-‘ismi – (unjust, untrue) all kinds of evils are included in the meanings of the word ‘ism.

 

The Holy Qur’an has forced here on two things for justice, equity and security of the rights of people in the society:

 

1.   If any body intends to put affect on the rulers and officials, and wins their influence through tributes, presents, gifts, holding feasts and bribe, and uses all other likewise means, these all are unlawful. Because doing so the rulers may become partial and supporter, the balance/scale of the justice is bent, existence of the truth-loving and justice ends, tyranny and rights destruction becomes common, liar claims, false documents, liar evidences, false oath forms and slinking away from the true talk becomes public. Due to these evils corruption spreads, ratio of murder and killing increases. This law has been made to escape from all these evils because it is necessary to keep the rulers/officials neutral, just-lovers and partial of the right so that nobody may try to temp the officials with his property/wealth.

 

  1.   Secondly the Holy Qur’an has commanded us that due to each person’s conscience the mankind attends towards goodness in each matter and business/money dealings and his heart reproaches him on evil. It is clear that however the matters will be decided by the best court and the best just ruler according to situation of the law-suit and evidence of the witnesses and it is possible to err and slip into them. So in spite of the decision of any Justice or Ruler actual criminal may escape from crime in their eyesight and the evil-doer from punishment of his evil. But the conscience of the human being can not deceive him on the condition that he would not have killed his conscience pressing it again and again.

 

It has come in the Sayings that once the Messenger (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) commanded that any case is brought to Me, the plaintiff proves it correct while the Right is on the other side, I decide according to the statement. But he should understand that unlawfully getting the property of a Muslim is likewise getting the Fire.        

 

Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif) (http://hltsharif.blogspot.com) (muhammadsharif276@gmail.com)

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To Eat Up Property Unjustly

LESSON # 203 FROM HOLY QUR’AN

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

To Eat Up Property Unjustly

Verse –188a of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)

 

And eat not up your property among yourselves in vanity,

Wa  laa  ta’-kuluu  ‘am-waalakum-   bay-nakum-  bil-baa-tili 

 

 

Lesson

 

Laa  ta’-kuluu – (do not eat) this word has been originated from the word ‘akala which means ‘to eat’. Technically it doesn’t mean only ‘to eat’ but it also signifies to use the property after getting it unlawfully.

 

‘Am-waalakum – (property of one another) all the Muslims are being addressed and here it doesn’t mean ‘your property’ but it aims ‘the property of one another out of you’.

 

Bay-nakum – (mutually themselves) the wise persons have told that the circle of this word is very spacious. This order is not limited only on the property of the Muslims; it also means the property of the entire human beings. Desiring they are either Muslims or Infidels, getting the property of any person with treachery, deception, oppression and in vanity is illegal and unlawful.  

 

Bil-baa-tili – (unjustly, unfairly) it aims every illegal manner of the possession of others property. There can be a lot of forms of it but the lawful method is only one. The method, which will be adopted except this one, will be considered unlawful and unjust.

 

It was intended from the prescription of the fasting that the spirits of the persons of nation would become pure, they may grow first of all the habit into them to leave the usage of lawful things to get the willingness of God Almighty, so that it may become easier for them to leave the unlawfully gotten property in future and they abstain entirely from it.

 

To live collectively and mixing up with each other the need to exchange the things is certain. So it is commanded, “And eat not up your property among yourselves in vanity” (you should not try to eat up the property of any other person in vanity during mutual money dealings), you should leave all at once to plunder, to entangle in gambling, to get the property with deception, fraud, cleverness and other unfair means, like this the charges of singing and playing upon the musical instruments, business of wine for example making, buying and selling it etc, to take bribe, false evidence, to embezzle in trust, to eat up the property of weak and helpless person in vanity are unfair methods. The human beings should ward off these evils.

 

The Holy Qur’an has left its decision usually on the people’s own conscience that every person should feel his responsibility at his own, correct his behaviour and character, keep fear of his actions’ accounts in his mind, every matter be dealt with honesty and trust so that the government might need to interfere only in the proper and particular matters.

 

Abridgement of this verse is, “it is not the only goodness to leave the pure and lawful things during the month of Ramadan but the real goodness is to leave eating up and getting unlawful property of others forever. Never acquire any one’s property with deception, fraud, dishonest, tyranny, oppression or unjust. To get bribe and illegal gifts is unlawful. As the spirits of the Muslims will become pure with the fasting like this their deeds and actions will become nice by following these orders. It will affect blessed on morality, social deeds, politics, and justice as far as every field of life.     

 

 

Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif) (http://hltsharif.blogspot.com) (muhammadsharif276@gmail.com)  

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The Limits Imposed By Allah

LESSON # 202 FROM HOLY QUR’AN

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

The Limits Imposed By Allah

Verse –187e of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)

 

These are the limits imposed by Allah, so approach them not. Thus Allah expoundeth His Revelation to mankind that they may ward off (evil).

Tilka  huduudullahi  falaa taq-rabuuhaa.  Kazaalika  yubay-yinullaahu  ‘Aayaatihii  linnaasi  la-‘allahum  yatta-quun.

 

 

Lesson

 

Tilka (These) it signifies towards those six/seven orders which have been expounded in the earlier lessons.

 

Huduudun – (plural of Hadd which means limits) it aims the limits of the customs, codes and regulations imposed by the God Almighty not to approach them as pressed again and again in the Holy Qur’an.

 

‘Aayaat – (Verses) means orders, customs, laws, rules and regulations.

 

The Holy Qur’an has explained all concerning rules and regulations after discussing about blessings and becoming obligation of the fasting also cleared the necessities and codes of being at one’s devotions in the mosque. Now it has been warned in this last piece of this verse that all the laws, principles, limits and prohibitions have been deduced by the God Almighty.

 

It will not be a customary thing to turn the face from them and disobey. Moreover the God Almighty has exposed them Who has the Knowledge and Philosophy, His Guidance and Commands are rightful, based on advisability and guarantor of betterment and success. This world and the hereinafter will become better with their execution and following. Disobedience and refusal from them will become forerunner of distressed and destruction. So nobody should cross these limits and should remain within the imposed limits of Him.

 

As the God Almighty has expounded in detail the commands regarding the fast, its limits, timing, to be at devotions in mosque and other concerning matters, like this He commands about remaining orders for mankind’s betterment and prosperity in detail. Fear of God, control of the passions, spirit of obeying and obedience, sincerity and sacrifice, chastity and honesty, good nature and well wishing will grow in the human being due to strongly abide by these rules.

 

The person can not establish himself any path for his advisability and betterment due to less sense nature. He needs instructions of a Sage and Excellent Life, an Aggregate Scholar and an Absolute Master which is One i.e. the God Almighty. He has guided us towards success and prosperity with His extremely Kindness. So we should go on the straight path without hesitation and get the real object.        

 

 

Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif) (http://hltsharif.blogspot.com) (muhammadsharif276@gmail.com

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Orders During Being At Devotions In Mosque

LESSON # 201 FROM HOLY QUR’AN

BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)

Orders During Being At Devotions In Mosque

Verse –187d of 286, Section – 23 (Part  – 2)

 

And touch them not, but be at your devotions in the mosques.

Wa  laa tubaashi-ruuhunna  wa  ‘an-tum  ‘aakifuuna, fil-masaajid.

 

 

Lesson

 

Laa tubaashi-ruuhunna – (touch the wives not) here the word ‘to go in unto the wives’ has been used in the spacious meanings that is to say, not only to stop from committing a sexual intercourse but kissing and bugging is also forbidden during curbing one’s passion from religious motives continuing in the mosque (sitting by oneself in the mosque and think of God Almighty) particularly during the third Ashrah of the month of Ramadan.

 

‘Aakifuuna – (to be at devotions) its literal meanings are “to keep oneself preventing from the use of anything or make something necessary over oneself. Technically it means ‘endowing oneself for worship sitting in the mosque’

 

Another order has been delivered regarding the fasting, “don’t go in unto your wives while you are being at your devotions in mosque”. Some more necessary commands regarding “e’tikaaf” (being at devotions in mosque) are stated below:

 

It is necessary for the persons who have to be at devotions that they should remain in the mosques every time during that period, also eat, drink, sleep and wake there. They may come out of the mosque only at the time of bodily and lawful needs. The minimum period for the devotions is one day and there is no limit for excessive period. It is declared from the word fil-masaajid that the devotions should always be in the mosques. However it can be observed by the women in any corner of the home instead of the mosques.  

 

Conversation is lawful during the devotions on the condition it should not be against the reverence of the mosque and the respects of the devotions.

 

It was the habit of the Messenger of God Almighty (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) that He used to be at His devotions in the mosque complete ten days during the last Ashrah of the month of Ramadan and broke His entire relation from the worldly matters. So to be at one’s devotions in the mosque is reasonable practice of the Prophet Muhammad (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), which means that if any one person out of a ward observes this practice then this responsibility ends from others.

 

Being at devotions has many advantages – there is no any other method to become fresh for the purpose of belief and to achieve the spiritual strength, because during that period the mankind passes his time continuously in worship and obedience. He remains in solitude and loneliness.

 

We should act accomplished upon this practice of the Messenger of God Almighty (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), get the light of faith, achieve the vicinity of God Almighty, be entitled of pleasure of the Messenger Muhammad (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and purify ourselves completely at the very least a few days, break the relation with worldly relations and matters for some time and attend to the Real Worshiped.      

 

Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif) (http://hltsharif.blogspot.com) (muhammadsharif276@gmail.com)

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