Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Succeeded that person who heard and obeyed

Lesson # 991 from Noble Quran

Succeeded that person who heard and obeyed

Surah ‘ANFAAL (SPOILS OF WAR) – Chapter – 8)

Stage – 2, Verses – 22 & 23 of 75, Section – 3 of 10 (Part – 9)


In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

22.  Lo!  the worst of beasts in Allah’s sight are the deaf, the dumb, who have no sense.


23.  And had Allah known of any good in them He would have made them hear they would have turned away, averse.       

22.  ‘Inna  sharradda-waaabbi  ‘indAllaahis-summul-buk-mullaziina  laa  ya’-qiluun.


23.  Wa  law  ‘alimAllaahu  fiihim  khayral-la-‘asma-‘ahum.  Wa  law  ‘asma—‘ahum  la-ta-wallaw-wa  hum-mu’-rizuun.     


Da-waaabbi – {moving along (beasts)}, daaa-bbatun – this word has passed in Surah ‘An-‘aam, every such living being which may move from one place to the other, is called daaa-bbatun.



‘As-summul-buk-mu – (those who are deaf and dumb), ‘As-sum is plural of ‘asam and ’al-buk-mu is plural of ‘abkum. These both words were discussed in Surah Baqarah.


Mu’-rizuun – (the averse people), this word is plural of the subject mu’-riz, origin of which is ‘a’-raaz, derived from the word ‘arz. ‘Arz means “edge, aside”. ‘A’-raaz means “to go or fall back, to be driven aside”.


It was described earlier that you should obey God Almighty and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him); and should not be like those people who hear but do not accept. In this verse, the same matter has been emphasized and described more clearly.


It is commanded that in the sight of God Almighty; the worst of beasts are those who do not use the powers properly, which have been given by Allah Almighty, as it is necessary to use them. For example; He gave – ears for hearing so that the good instructions should be listened, tongue for speaking the Truth, asserting that which is right and asking about that which they could not understand. The heart and the brain were given for the purpose that they should draw as a useful conclusion from that which they heard and asked.


Those people who did not take the works from the ear, the tongue and the sense; which Allah Almighty has prescribed for them, those are entirely dead and gone. It aims that Allah Almighty gave everyone healthy and wholesome ears but some of them became deaf intentionally. He gave tongue but they became dumb. Due to this obstinacy; they have lost their capability of hearing and understanding the well sayings. Therefore, it is useless to cause to hear them, and even then if in such condition, you make them hear, what will you expect from them except it that they will turn away, averse?


This principle has been known from above conversation that whenever any human being makes one’s good powers useless and does not take work from them correctly, Allah Almighty leaves him and does not show him Straight Path, and he is not guided. Those people who believe in the Oneness of God Almighty, the Day of Resurrection and obey the commands of His last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), they hear His Sayings and Commands with full attention.


Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Pak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)