Lesson # 980 from Noble Quran
Unarmed Muslims obtained victory in the Battle
Surah ‘ANFAAL (SPOILS OF WAR) – Chapter – 8)
Stage – 2, VerseS – 5 & 6 of 75, Section – 1 of 10 (Part – 9)
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
|5. Even as thy Lord caused thee (Muhammad) to go forth from thy home with the Truth, and lo! a party of the believers were averse (to it) –
6. Disputing with thee of the Truth after it had been made manifest, as if they were being driven to death visible.
|5. Kamaaa ‘akhrajaka Rabbuka mim- baytika bil-Haqqi wa ‘inna fariiqam-minal- Mu’-miniina la-kaarihuun.
6. Yujaadi-luunaka fil-Haqqi ba’-da maa tabayyana ka-‘an-namaa yusaa-quuna ‘ilal-mawti wa hum yanzuruun.
Haqqun – (the Truth), the word Haqq is of Arabic language and spoken for “reasonable, correct and the truth”. Here it aims the discourse; mentioning of which is quite according to reliance.
Kaarihuun – (those people who consider something wrong), this word is plural of kaarihun and grammatically it is “the subject”, which has been derived from karah. The word makruuh is from it also which means “disliked, unwillingness, forcibly”. Here it aims the same.
Yusaa-quuna – (are being driven to), it is from sawq, which means “to drive, to urge on (beasts, by shouts and cries), to get before, to make one go before”.
There were commands about “The Spoils of War” in the previous verses that it was of Allah Almighty and He would distribute it, in those people to whom He would desire, by means of His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). This matter has been explained in this verse and the verses coming forth, by mentioning the big events of the Battle of Badr itself, that they should behold and think about these incidents, that these were happened by mere the Will and Command of Allah Almighty. There was no part of your will in these entire happenings from the beginning to the end. Then, you were succeeded in it purely by the support of Allah Almighty, otherwise; you did have nothing for victory. How do you point out that you have a right in the Spoils? It is clear that the Owner of the Spoils is He; due to Whose discretion the Battle was fought and with Whose help; it was conquered.
It is commanded that the Owner of the Spoils of War is Allah Almighty and it is the matter that the situation of this entire Battle happened from the beginning to the end. O Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him)! Allah Almighty put it in your heart that now; there is a chance of taking revenge from the infidels against their inhumanity behavior, otherwise a party of the Muslims was hesitating from fighting with effect from the beginning. And when they had to face the equipped Army instead of the caravan of the tradesmen, then many of them began to quarrel. And they were so much afraid of the situation that as they were being driven unto the well of death. But it was the Will of Allah Almighty that they should fight with the Quraish and the unarmed Muslims should obtain victory.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)