LESSON # 107 HOLY QUR’AN
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse –102a of 286, Section – 12
And they followed that which the devils falsely related during the kingdom of Solomon. Solomon disbelieved not; but the devils disbelieved, teaching mankind magic and that which was revealed to the two angels in Babel, Harut and Marut.
Wattaba-‘uu maatatlush-shayaa-tiinu ‘alaa mulki- Sulay-maan. Wa maa kafara Sulay-maanu wa laakinnash-shayaa-tii-na kafaruu yu-‘allimuunan-naa-sas-sihr, wa maaa ‘unzila ‘alal-malakayni bi-Baabila Haaruuta wa Marrut.
Ash-shayaa-tiinu – (plural of Satan) those demons are also meant from this word who were subordinates of the Prophet Solomon (peace be upon Him) besides the devil, and they were violent and of evil spirit. The demons have been produced from the fire. They have wisdom and decency. This creature can not be seen by the human beings.
Some commentators have indicated about the ash-shayaa-tiin as persons of bad nature and addle mannered that used to take part in the rebellion against the Prophet Solomon (peace be upon Him) and accused Him falsely of various sorts. These devils were very at home in magic.
Sulay-maan – (Solomon) He was a very famous Prophet (peace be upon Him) out of the children of Israel, and He was a very powerful King of His era. Besides Syria and Palestine limitations of His Government had been spread up to Iraq in the east and up to Egypt in the West. His kingdom was of a great splendor and magnificent.
In this verse God Almighty has aimed towards other intolerant act of the children of Israel that these people except admitting the true revelation of Allah Almighty follow the magic, black magic and witchcraft. These magic and witchcrafts are those acts which the devils had spread during the times of the Prophet Solomon (peace be upon Him) these witchcrafts comprising on the infidel speeches, were achieved unlawfully and were used for bad purposes.
These persons used to do the acts of magic and infidelity themselves but betrothed towards the Prophet Solomon (peace be upon Him). They blamed Him that He teaches the magic. But the God Almighty proclaimed unaccountability of the Prophet Solomon through the Holy Qur’an, and told that these were entirely liars.
Al-malakayni – (two Angels) God Almighty sent two Angels in Babel to prevent the people from using the magic and witchcraft. Their names were Harut and Marut. These Angels had to live between the human beings. So their faces, bodies, colors, habits and emotions were like the human beings.
Baabil – (Babel) it is old name of Iraq Arabia. Name of the Capital of the country was also Babel. This city was 60 Miles away from present city Baghdad towards south on the river bank of Frat. It was a big, developed and most fortunate city. Its agricultural area was irrigated by two famous rivers (Dajla and Frat). This country was also particularly famous due to magic, black magic, witchcrafts and other infernal practices.
As-sihr – (magic) in Arabic language as-sihr is also used for deception. It means that a thing with which the eyesight of the human being may be deceived. In it reality differs from the evident. Between magic and Miracle there is a great difference besides other things that in the miracle the condition is changed but with the magic reality does not change. Only the eyesight is deceived. The Jews used to learn and teach this knowledge for getting worldly bad advantages.
According to the Islamic Laws the magic is unlawful. Reason is clear that the Magicians use the sentences of infidelity, adopt unlawful methods and bring the magic in use for good and bad acts. How a Prophet and Angel (peace be upon Them) may do the works like this?
Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif Fauji) (http://hltsharif.blogspot.com) (firstname.lastname@example.org)