Lessons from Holy Qur'an

ABSTRACT OF AL-FAATIHAH, “THE OPENING”

LESSON # 12 HOLY QUR’AAN

ImageABSTRACT OF AL-FAATIHAH, “THE OPENING”

Praise belongs to ALLAH and HE is Sufficient for us. Peace be on HIS chosen Servants.

The present era goes through media (electronic as well as print) and novel ideologies. Various thoughts are clothed in new words. And people run after every new idea in the hope of finding a solution-peace; but soon they face disappointment.

Muslims do have with them an ideal system that can bring Peace and Tranquility to the word but they are not familiar with it themselves. How can they then guide other people? They are among those who grope about in the dark.

Holy Qur’aan is the book of ALLAH. HIS words revealed to The Messenger (SALLALLAHO-ALAIHE-WA-AALEHI-WASALLAM).The Sayings of the Prophet (SALLALLAHO-ALAIHE-WA-AALEHI-WASALLAM) are an explanation and commentary on the words of ALLAH. There is in them guidance for the human beings in every field of their lives. We should learn both the things (Holy Qur’aan and The Sayings of Prophet (SALLALLAHO-ALAIHE-WA-AALEHI-WASALLAM).

‘The Opening’ (Surah Al-Faatihah) is the first section of Holy Qur’aan. So it is named as “The Opening”. This section is like an abstract and preface of The Holy Qur’aan. The subjects briefly earmarked in this section, have been mentioned in The Holy Qur’aan in detail, hence it is called, Mother of the (Ummul) Qur’aan, Foundation/essence of The Qur’aan. When we recite this section, “The Opening” we promise that all Praises belong to ALLAH, WHO created all the living and non living creatures including the mankind. So we should keep well in mind efficiently that if HE is The GUARANTER to complete our all necessities then we should never leave the straight path for completion of requisites at our own. We should never move on the path of deception, fraud, telling a lie or using un-fair means. If we have been assured that completion of our needs is eternal then why would we have to adopt the wrong way for it?

Then we read that ALLAH ALMIGHTY is The BENEFICENT, The MERCIFUL. HE showers down HIS mercy on each creature, small or large, without distinction of Muslims or non-Muslims and without sense of the good or the bad. HE arranges completion of all our needs. HIS treasures of kindness go never to end.

Then we learn that HE is The OWNER of the Day of Judgment. All the human beings will stand in front of ALLAH ALMIGHTY holding their character rolls in their hands and will be either granted rewards or awarded punishment according to their own character. We should frighten from that Day and do well.

We accepted, “we shall do worship only of ALLAH”. We beg from HIM for help in our each matter. We return towards HIM for all kinds of painful problems and difficulties, so that HE shows us the straight path, so that we may gain our goal, so that we may reach our destination and get rewards from HIM.

We also beg from HIM to save us from the path of those who earned HIS anger, and went astray.

Collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh Lahore, Sayings of The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) written by Justice Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani, Darul Ishaat Urdu Bazar Karachi, Collected & translated By Muhammad Sharif Fauji

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Lessons from Holy Qur'an

INTRODUCTION OF AL-FAATIHAH, “THE OPENING”

F A A T I H A H – 1

INTRODUCTION OF AL-FAATIHAH, “THE OPENING”

It is also called Faatihahtu’l-Kitaab, “The Opening of The Scripture, Ummul’l-Qur’aan and The Essence of The Qur’aan, as it is variously named, has been called The Lord’s Prayer of the Muslims. It is also named as Suurah al-Shafa as recitation of this Suurah results physical and spiritual restoration of health. ALLAH ALMIGHTY has taught his Servants to beg from HIM. If we wish to narrate the Abstract of Holy Qur’aan, then we shall say in this manner that there are three main subjects in the Holy Qur’aan, which are narrated repeatedly:-

  • The Skies, The Earth and every thing is created by ALLAH. He      has no relative, no partner, no co-sharer and no confederate. HE is ONE and all things are looked after and brought up by HIM.
  • Each mankind will be responsible himself for his acts and all the persons will be present in The Court of ALLAH, where, their acts will be examined and they will rewarded or awarded according to their acts, done in this life.
  • The Messengers of ALLAH were sent in all parts of the world, who told the people difference between the right and the wrong way. They instructed the mankind for goodness.   

 

It is an essential part of all Muslims’ worship, public and private, and no solemn contract or transaction is complete unless it is recited. The date of revelation is uncertain, but the fact that it has always, from the very earliest times, formed a part of Muslim worships, there being no record or remembrance of its introduction or of public prayer without it, makes it clear that it was revealed before the fourth year of the Prophet’s mission because we know for certain that by that time regular congregation prayers were offered by the little group of Muslims in Makkah. In that year, as the result of insult and attack, by the idolaters, the Prophet arranged for the service, which had till then been held out of doors, to take place in a private house.

 

This Suurah is also often called Saba’an min al-Mathaani, “Seven of the Oft-repeated” (verses being Understood), XV, words which are taken as referring to this Suurah.

 

You would have seen that how much virtue has this Suurah. Reciting it needs special attention and consideration. It should also be admonished to others. O ALLAH ALMIGHTY! Give us power and strength to do well.

       

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  Collected by Muhammad Sharif from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore & translated and Holy Qur’an Serial # 359/W, published by PAAK COMPANY, Lahore