Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Satan is of the Jinn

Quran Chapter 18  50a (Pt-15, Stg-4) (L-1888) درس قرآن

Satan is of the Jinn

Chapter Kahf (The Cave) – 18

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful)

وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلَٰٓئِكَةِ ٱسْجُدُوا۟ لِءَادَمَ فَسَجَدُوٓا۟ إِلَّآ إِبْلِيسَ كَانَ مِنَ ٱلْجِنِّ فَفَسَقَعَنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّهِۦٓ أَفَتَتَّخِذُونَهُۥ وَذُرِّيَّتَهُۥٓ أَوْلِيَآءَ مِن دُونِى وَهُمْ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّۢ بِئْسَ لِلظَّٰلِمِينَ بَدَلًا 50

 

50a.  And (remember) when We said unto the angels: Fall prostrate before Adam, and they fell prostrate, all save Iblis. He was of the Jinn, so he rebelled against his Lord’s Command. 50a.  Wa  ‘iz  qulNaa  lil-malaaa-‘ikatis-juduu  li-‘Aadama  fasa-jaduu  ‘illaa  ‘Ibliis.  Kaana  minal-Jinni fa-fasaqa  ‘an  ‘Amri  Rabbih.

 

Commentary

 

Fa-fasaqa – {so (he) rebelled}, it is past tense from the word fisq, which means “to cross the Line, to rebel, to disobey”.

 

The mankind has the things to meditate, but he delays from taking work from the things. And one such enemy has been teasing him who wants, by deceiving and enticing, to keep his sense entangled in the things which are transitory and of a passing nature. Alas! The mankind does not know the foe of his sense. It is the reason that the story of his forefather Adam (peace be upon him) has been being reminded again and again. Therefore, here too, his attention has been drawn again towards it according to circumstances that “did he not remember that when Adam (peace be upon him) was born, We commanded to the Angels (peace be upon them) that they should fall prostrate before him? The Angels fell prostrate as soon as We commanded, but Iblis who was from the kind of Jinn, and who was included among the Angels due to his worship, he denied, disobeyed the Command of his Lord and rebelled openly. He became enemy of Adam (peace be upon him) because Allah Almighty determined him as accursed because of falling not prostrate before Adam (peace be upon him). Then because this curse was fixed upon him due to Adam (peace be upon him), so he got ready to trouble him and asked for life from Allah Almighty until the establishment of the world. Therefore his request was sanctioned. Now every time his only work is to mislead the children of Adam (peace be upon him) continuously from the prescribed Path of God Almighty and keep the sense of mankind entangled in transitory things of the world.

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).