Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Promise of Banu Hashim with Abu Talib

Lesson # 1025 from Noble Quran

Promise of Banu Hashim with Abu Talib

Surah ‘ANFAAL (SPOILS OF WAR) – Chapter – 8)

Stage – 2, Verses – 70 & 71 of 75, Section – 10 of 10 (Part – 10)


In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

70.  O Prophet! Say unto those captives who are in your hands:  If Allah knoweth any good in your hearts He will give you better than that which hath been taken from you, and will forgive you. And lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.


71.  And if they would betray thee, they have betrayed Allah before, and He gave (thee) power over them. And Allah is Knower, Wise.    

70.  Yaaa-‘ayyuhan-Nabiyyu  qul-li-man-  fiii  ‘aydiikum-minal-‘asraaa,  ‘iny-ya’-laMIllaahu  fii  quluu-bikum  khay-rany-yu’-tikum  khayram-mim-maaa  ‘ukhiza  minkum  wa  yagfir-lakum.  WAllaahu  Gafuurur-Rahiim.


71.  Wa  ‘iny-yuriiduu  khiyaanataka  faqad  khaanUllaaha  min-  qablu  fa-‘amkana  minhum.  WAllaahu  ‘Aliimun  Hakiim.


Allah Almighty commands: O Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him)! Those captives who have been captured by the Muslims in the Battle of Badr, and some of them who desire to enter in Islam, You should say to them! At this time, you can be freed from imprisonment only after paying the ransom. This is not the occasion of knowing about the reality of your Islam. You should deposit the ransom if you wish to go to your homes. After that God Almighty will examine you. If you entered in Islam really, wholeheartedly, and your intentions are observed fair, then He will give you too much that; comparing to which; this money; which you are going to pay as ransom for saving your lives, will be valueless. And along with it, He will forgive your previous errors and past sins also, because; as He is Forgiving, He is Merciful too. And He does not delay in Forgiving.


And if, O Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him)! The evil is in their hearts and at this time; they wish to accomplish their desires by betraying you, then it is not a big matter. They have betrayed God Almighty even in the past and broken their covenant after making it.


At first; they broke the covenant which was made by their souls i.e. when God Almighty asked from the entire human souls: Am I not your Lord? They all replied! You are our Lord. After coming in this world, they denied from accepting Him their Lord and involved in infidelity and ascribing plurality to Him.


Then, some of them are such people who are Banu Hashim and they promised before Abu Talib {paternal uncle of Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him)}: We shall support and side with Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) against the Infidels of Makkah. And today, they have come with the idolaters of Makkah to fight against You; breaking their treaty. God Almighty knows that which is in their hearts and He understands: How to deal with every individual. He will handle them properly.


Such covenant made by God Almighty was fulfilled. Those people who embraced Islam; their children performed as kings in the world. But those people, who did not become Muslims; they were destroyed.    


Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Pak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)