Quran Chapter 23 – Intro (Pt-18, Stg-4) (L-2143) درس قرآن
Preliminary matter on Suratul-Mu’-minuun
Chapter “Mu’-minuun” – (The Believers) – 23
‘A-‘uu-zu Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in Allaah from Satan the outcast)
(In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful)
With regard to order of Holy Qur’an, this is twenty third Chapter. It contains six Sections. Its name is Suratul- Mu’-minuun because this word has been used in its first verse. Moreover, ‘Al-Mu’-minuun means “The Believers”. Attributes, habits and manners of the Believers have been explained in this Chapter. It has been narrated in this chapter that success of the both worlds is for the Believers only.
This Chapter was revealed in Makkah at that time when the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) was near to fly for Madinah. In this connection, it is the last Chapter which was revealed in Makkah. It has been commanded to the Believers that they should worship Allaah Almighty and do the works of the world by remaining in the limits fixed by Allaah Almighty. Correct way of offering prayer has been described and the people have been induced that they should produce good manners among themselves. Result of it will be that they will succeed in the both worlds and gain peace in the perpetual life after death for always. For education of the same, Allaah Almighty sent His Prophets (peace be upon them). Summary of those instructions have been recorded in Holy Qur’an, which is the last Scripture for guidance of the mankind. Allaah Almighty revealed this last Scripture unto His last Messenger Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and finished the lineage of sending Prophets and Messengers. For the worship of Allaah Almighty, knowing Him carefully is necessary. And every intelligent individual can acquire this knowledge from the portents of Allaah Almighty which have been spreading in the entire world. In this connection, Prophets of Allaah Almighty and His Scriptures are compulsory for the help of the mankind’s sense.
In this Chapter, after mentioning concerning Noah, Moses, Aaron and Jesus (peace be upon them), summary of the teachings of Allaah’s Messengers (peace be upon them) has been described. Believers of the Messengers (peace be upon them) acquired higher ranks but their disbelievers were disgraced. After causing to understand the necessity of believing in the Messengers (peace be upon them), it has been explained that having belief in the life after death, reckoning of accounts, punishment and retribution of deeds are compulsory also.
Then it has been described that the mankind, who will not believe in Allaah Almighty and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), life after death, the accounts, the heaven and the hell, he will grieve after death on the Day of Resurrection. At the end, it has been caused to know the mankind that his life of this world is not a play. He should not spend his time in needless and useless matters, but act upon the commandments of Holy Qur’an considering them true, and pray before Allaah Almighty continuously for His Mercy and Forgiveness.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).