Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Penitence And Betterment


Penitence And Betterment

Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter – 3)

Verse – 89 of 200, Section –9    (Part – 3)


Save those who afterward repent and do right. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

‘Illal-laziina  taabuu  mim-ba’-di  zaalika  wa  ‘aslahuu; fa-‘innallaaha  Gafuurur-Rahiim.






Those persons are not rightful to be forgiven in any condition, who (the criminals and the sinners) have been described in the previous verses. However, Allah Almighty is Forgiving and Merciful. To Him, if any criminal repents sincerely even after such severe crimes and rebels, and intends to adopt good conduct in future, then his all sins are forgiven.


Allah Almighty has kept room of repentance for them and they have been given time that if they abstain from the wickedness, leave the evildoing, adopt the right path, then Allah Almighty will bestow them forgiveness ignoring their mistakes. This verse manifests the Mercifulness of Allah Almighty.


There are many causes of depravity. The human being uses to go astray in ignorance, bad company, worldly love, improvidence, opposition, stubbornness etc, and does not think about his custom. He does not draw his attention to correct his conduct. But when either he stumbles or hears any sound of advice from somewhere or he meditates himself  upon his own circumstances of life, then suddenly he feels that he is going astray, repents upon previous deeds, is ashamed and tries to finish his sins all at once.  He wants to be pure from impureness and sins, becomes attentive towards Allah Almighty, wishes to implore earnestly and humbly before Allah Almighty for forgiveness reproaching upon his shortsightedness, and intends firm to adopt the path of virtue in future. Allah Almighty accepts his repentance and covers him in His shadow of blessings. It is the luck of human being that Allah Almighty has kept scope of repentance for him and bestowed him time to incline towards the goodness.


Contrarily, if no one gains from this opportunity, then who else will be more wretched and unlucky than him? 


Tawbah – (Repentance), this word has been used in the Holy Qur’an many times. Literally, it means to come back, to return and to consider. So it is commanded Tuubuu ilaa baari-‘ikum (“return the attention to your God, and gave the good news that the people who recourse to Me). ‘a-tuubu alayhi  ( “I become attentive towards him”).


First condition for repentance is that the person should perceive about his mistake, unfold shame, regret on it, and determine to leave it and abstain from it. Allah Almighty accepts such repentance. He is Forgiving and Merciful.



Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & English Translation by Marmaduke; Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English  by Muhammad Sharif)