Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Who Will Transgress Limits, He Will Face Doom


Who Will Transgress Limits, He Will Face Doom

Surah NISAAA’  (WOMEN) – Chapter – 4)

Verses –113 & 114 of 176, Section –2/24 (Part – 4)


113.  These are the bounds of Allah. And whoso obeyeth Allah and His Messenger, He will make him enter Gardens underneath which rivers flow, where such will dwell for ever. And that will be the great success.114.  And whoso disobeyeth Allah and His Messenger and transgresseth His limits, He will make him enter Fire, where he will dwell for ever; his will be a shameful doom.  113.  Tilka Huduudul-laah.  Wa  many-  yuti-‘il-laaha  wa  Rasuulahuu  yudkhil-hu  Jannaatin-  tajrii  min-  tahti-  hal-  ‘anhaaru  khaalidiina  fii-haa.  Wa  zaalikal-fawzul- ‘aziim.114.  Wa many-ya’-sillaaha  wa Rasuulahuu  wa  yata-‘adda  huduudahuu  yud-khilhu  Naaran  khaalidiina  fiihaa;  wa  lahuu  ‘azaabum-muhiin.






Huduudul-laah – (The bounds of Allah), Huduud is plural of Hadd which means limit, bound. Hadd is the place, where any thing ends. That is to say; the last edge and that line, which is not permitted to be crossed. Huduudul-laah aims, those fixed principles, rules and restrictions, getting on them is not allowed. For instance; restrictions about eating and drinking, fixed portions of inherited wealth etc.


yata-‘adda  – (transgressing, passing beyond, violating, breaking), ta-‘addii, ‘adwaan are also from this word’s origin, which means “crossing the prescribed bounds and disobeying the orders of Allah Almighty by breaking the restrictions.


Allah Almighty guided in detail about the number of matrimony and orphans. Then cleared the commands of heritage, its fixed portions and the legacy.


After all, it is being ordained, “an eternal blessing of the Paradise and successful life in the world is for those persons who obey Allah Almighty and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessing and peace be upon him). Those people who will not admit the prescribed laws and will overstep the bounds, they will proceed to Hell and face a shameful doom.


It is known from this verse that oppressing in the distribution of inheritance is the cause of torment by Allah Almighty. Those Muslims should take it warning, who refuse to give the portion of heritage to the girls and other heirs. It is Saying of the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), “The person, who forfeits the heir’s right from inheritance, Allah Almighty will forfeit him from his share in Paradise on the Day of Resurrection.” (Ibn Maajah, Kitaabul Wasaayaa, Baabul Hayf fil Wasi-yyah 3.4/3, Al-Hadith: 2703)  


In these verses, there is a promise of Paradise from Allah Almighty on obedience of His last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and a threat of Hell on His disobedience.  



Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English  by Muhammad Sharif).