Lessons from Holy Qur'an

God Almighty – Ever Hearer and Seer

LESSON # 517 FROM HOLY QUR’AN  

God Almighty – Ever Hearer and Seer

Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) – Chapter – 4)

Verses –58 of 176, Section – 8/24 (Part – 5)

    

Lo! Allah commandeth you that ye restore deposits to their owners, and if ye judge between mankind, ye judge justly. Lo! Comely is this which Allah admonisheth you. Lo! Allah is Ever – Hearer , Seer. ‘Innallaaha  ya’-murukum  ‘an-tu- ‘addul- ‘amaanaati  ‘ilaaa  ‘ah-lihaa,  wa  ‘izaa  hakamtum  bay-nannaasi  ‘an-tah-kumuu  bil-‘adl.  ‘Innallaaha  ni-‘immaa  ya- ‘izukum-bih.  ‘Innallaaha  kaana  Samii-‘am- Basiiraa.    

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Lesson

 

‘Al- ‘amaanaati – (The deposits), its singular is ‘amaanat. That is to say; the thing, which has been kept with someone for a few days, and after some days, that is returned surely on demand. Ameen is that undefiled person, who does not embezzle in the deposit, returns it on demand without any evasion and reduction.

tu- ‘addul- ‘amaanaati   ‘ilaaa  ‘ah-lihaa – (ye restore (you should return the) deposits to their owners. tu- ‘addu (you would pay (return or restore). ‘ah-lihaa (to its owners), it means those people who are owners of this deposit, moreover, those persons who are correct commendable and deserving of the trust. Its aim is that the deposits should not be handed over to the unworthy persons. In this revolution of time, the ballot (vote) is a very big national trust. To vote any incapable or enemy of the religion and faith is not less than national dis-honesty.

It was manner of the Jews that they used to embezzle in the charge, used to support, show favor by taking bribe at the time of settling the disputes, and contradict the justice during finalization of the decisions. Allah Almighty has admonished the Muslims about both the badness in these verses. In this connection, it has also been narrated that when messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) wished to enter the House of Allah on the day of victory of Mecca, at that time, Usman bin Talha was holding the key of the Masjidul-Haraam, and he denied to hand over the key and open the Door. Then Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) snatched the key from him and opened the Door. When Muhammad, Prophet of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) came out from the Masjid after necessary deed, then Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) requested the Beloved Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) to grant him the key. In this situation, above-mentioned verse was revealed and the key was returned to Usman bin Talha. About which order of Justice and returning of charge, Allah Almighty has instructed us, that is entirely for our own interest. Allah Almighty knows very well about our open and hidden, present and future affairs. Therefore, if it seems any time that restoring of the deposits is not convenient, then this thought should be ignored and command of Allah Almighty should be obeyed.

Second Instruction is regarding Justice. It is a great work, if neither the right, nor truth is left from the hands in the affairs, lawsuits and cases, and nor the justice is slaughtered. Justice is the spirit of Islam. Stability of the peace and the life of the world depend upon it.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English  by Muhammad Sharif).

Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Dignity of Human Being

LESSON # 46 HOLY QUR’AAN

BAQARAH – 2

Dignity of Human Being

Verse – 30 of 286, section -4

And when thy Lord said unto

the angels: Lo! I am about to place a viceroy in the earth,

Wa ‘iz qaala Rabbuka lil-Malaaa-‘ikati –“Innii jaa-ilun fil-‘arzi KHALIIF-AH”

Lesson

Malaaa-‘ikati (Angels) this word “Malaaa-‘ikati” came out

from the word “Alook”. Alook means to carry the message.

So Malaaa-‘ikati means the creature which brings the Messages of God towards Prophets and Messengers (Peace be upon Them). The Angels are the Bright and Spiritual Beings. They are pure from sins and do not disobey the orders of God.    

 

KHALIIF-AH – (Viceroy, Caliph). KhaliifatUllah is the person who

establishes the Divine’s Law on the earth. It is evident from here that which powers and abilities will be given to the human being by the God, those will be quite right to establish the caliphate of God.

 

He is the Lord of the worlds who created the earth, the skies and other all the universe. All things of the earth like vegetation, minerals, beasts and animals, mountains, rivers, canals, springs etc come on the one side of this universe and on the other side the skies and the other things created in the skies. God knows better about the philosophy of creating all the things of earth and skies.

Why The Adam (peace be upon Him) was created? What was the need to make this body of mud (human being)? What is its purpose of life? The answer to these questions has been given in this verse and the verses coming ahead.

When the God completed the work of creation of the earth, skies and all things in between them like the moon, the sun, the stars, rivers, mountains etc and they began their work then The God addressed the Angels (Peace be upon Them), “Now the time has come to know that for whom these things have been created, he should also come in front. The aim is that I want to create my Caliph on the earth who will get the possession of all these things and will complete the motive of God in the world. He will pay The God’s right of Caliphate and Assistance. He will issue and pass the Orders of God.”

 

God Almighty is The Creator and Master of this universe. He is the Master of all good manners of benevolence. We neither can count His traits and nor works. He has put in the leaven of human being some excellences out of His attributes so that he may show up His characteristics after coming in this world, elevate His name and prove with his speech and deed that he is really the Caliph and Assistant of the God Almighty. 

 

If the God is Merciful then the human being should feel pity not over his near relatives but also over all the living creatures. It is said by the Messenger (Peace and Blessings be upon Him) that if you slaughter any animal, take pity over it, slaughtering knife should be sharp edged so that the animals’ vein may cut off immediately and it does not feel much trouble later on.

 

One attribute of The God is Justice and Equity. It is the duty of human being that he should do justice and equity equally with all. In this matter he should neither favour his near relative and nor be ignored the stranger. All the persons should be seen with one sight.

 

One name of The God is For-Bearer also (Mild). The mankind disobeys Him and he indulges in many sins but The God delays, takes it with softness, overlooks it and gives time to the criminal so that he may renounce and change his attitude. It is also our duty that we should produce in ourselves the attribute of mildness. We should keep soft behaviour with our comrades and give them chance for correction on their mistakes.

 

In short, the human being should try to grow all the traits and manners which are noble of God and treat the people as God treats His servants.

 

If we do not produce God’s attributes in ourselves then we do not have right to be the Caliph and Assistant of the God Almighty, and we can not get this higher rank any way which He liked for us. 

 

Transliteration in Roman Script, English Translation by Marmaduke Pickthall and Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore & translated By Muhammad Sharif Fauji