LESSON # 268 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Beginning Of Divorce
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse – 226 & 227 of 286, Section – 28 (Part – 2)
226. Those who forswear their wives must wait four months; then, if they change their mind, lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
227. And if they decide upon divorce (let them remember that) Allah is Hearer, Knower.
226. Lillaziina yu’-luuna min-nisaaa-‘ihim tarabbusu ‘arba-‘ati ‘ash-hur. Fa-‘in-faaa-‘uu fa-‘innallaaha Gafuurur-Rahiim.
227. Wa ‘in azamut-talaaqa fa-‘innallaaha Samii-‘un ‘Aliim.
Yu’-luuna – (who forswear), this word is derived from ‘iilaa which means forswear. Idiomatically its object is to swear living separate from the wife. It was common custom in the Arabians that whenever they became rage, they forswore remaining separate from their wives.
Talaaq – (divorce), according to law disconnecting the mutual relations entirely between husband and wife is called ‘divorce’, repudiation. Different methods about divorce were customary in the world before Islam. There was no restriction or responsibility in the matter of divorce between Jews. Whenever any person wished, he got rid of his wife writing a divorce letter only. The wife could wed another husband at the same time. Comparing this freedom the Christians chose very difficult manner. They kept no accommodation for husband and wife to be separate, except that the wife becomes guilty of fornication. The same condition is of the Indian religion. The divorce is still unlawful for them till today. On the contrary Islam adopted the way of temperance.
It was mode of Arabians that after forswear, which was a kind of divorce near to them, used to become free from paying the expenditures of his wife, performing other duties and responsibilities for her. Islam corrected this rule and told that forswear is not equal to breaking marriage, but it is only the beginning. Islam has determined length of time for meditation and consideration and period for this long time kept four months, which is quite sufficient for this purpose that the husband may think with cool heart on all aspects and this important matter of separation from his wife.
Islam has put its permission that if the husband feels faithfully that if his life partner either doesn’t cooperate with him or doesn’t fulfill his lawful desires, then he should divorce her, despite it that they pine away their entire lives, remain displeased from one another. It is better that they should be disconnected.
Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Paraphrase collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif)