Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Allah said the Hypocrites: Sit ye with the sedentary

Lesson # 1090 from Holy Qur-’aan

Allah said the Hypocrites: Sit ye with the sedentary

Surah ‘TAWBAH or BARAAA-‘AH (REPENTANCE) – Chapter – 9)

Stage – 2, Verse – 46 of 129, Section – 7 of 16 (Part – 10)


In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful


46.  And if they had wished to go forth they would assuredly have made ready some equipment, but Allah was averse to their being sent forth and held them back and it was said (unto them): Sit ye with the sedentary! 46.  Wa  law  ‘araadul-khuruuja  la-‘a-adduu  lahuu  ‘uddatanw- wa  laakin  kari-hAllaahum-bi-‘aasahum  fasabba-tahum  wa  qiilaq-‘uduu  ma-‘al-qaa-‘idiin.         



‘A-adduu – {they (would have been prepared)}, it is a past tense, origin of which is ‘i’-daad, it is from ‘adad. ‘addun means “to count”. ‘I’-daad means “to manage, to arrange for goods of necessity, to store the things duly counted for emergency”.


‘Im-bi-‘aasun – (to rise up unexpectedly), this word has been derived from ba-‘asa. Ba-‘asa is a transitive, which means “to cause to rise up someone else, to send the other after making him ready”. The word ‘Im-ba-‘aas is its intransitive, that is to say; to stand up by oneself and go forth after preparation.


Sabba-ta – (held back), it is past tense, origin of which is tas-biit, which has been made from sabat. Meaning of both words i.e. tasbiit and sabat are the same “to stop from any particular work, but the word tasbiit has more force. It aims “to ensnare any person in other pastimes for preventing from the actual job”.


It is commanded: O Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him)! A lie of these people; who say themselves “Muslims, is clear from it that they did not make themselves ready to go forth, who say: We are ready to go forth with you, but we have some such work that; before completing it, we cannot go.


They say: We were ready to go forth (for the Battle of Tabuuk) but due to compulsion of such and such work, we are unable to move. But if you see at their homes, you will find that they have made no preparation for the journey. Actually, God Almighty does not like their participation in this Battle. They do not think that they should rise up to move along with others.


God Almighty has turned their hearts from this conception. Therefore, they do not think about going forth, but they have intended strongly that they would not move. They have remained involved always in this bad habit of deceiving and harming the Muslims. So, it is their ill-luck that God Almighty has bereaved them of the excellence of participation in the Battle and said: Sit ye too with the sedentary. The Muslims will come back from this journey being triumphant. And you will be distressed and disgraced for ever by sitting due to your evil days.


Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)

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