Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Commentary on Last Scripture

Commentary on Last Scripture

Volume 1

Lessons # 1 to 528 from Parts 1 to 4 of Holy Qur’an, Lessons from Chapters: 1.’Al-Faatihah (The Opening), 2. Baqarah (The Cow), 3. ‘Aali-‘Imraan (The Family Of Imran), and 4a. Some part of Nisaaa’ (Women).

I seek refuge in God from Satan   the outcast. In the name of Allaah (God), the Beneficent, the Merciful. 1.  Praise be to Allaah, Lord of the worlds. 2.  The Beneficent, the Merciful. 3.  Owner of the Day of Judgment. 4a.  You (Alone) we worship. 4b.  And You (Alone) we ask for help. 5.  Show us the Straight Path. 6.  The Path of those whom You have favoured. 7.  Not (the path) of those who earn Your anger nor of those who go astray. (So, Be it) (Amen).

2:7.  Allah has sealed their hearts and their hearing, and on their eyes there is a covering. Theirs will be an awful doom. 2:13.  And when it is said unto them: Believe as the people believe, they say: shall we believe as the foolish believe? Beware! They indeed are the foolish but they know not. 
2:21. O mankind! Worship your Lord, Who has created you and those before you, so that you may ward off (evil).
2:22. Who has appointed the earth a resting-place for you, and the sky a canopy; and causes water to pour down from the sky, thereby producing fruits as food for you. And do not set up rivals to Allah when you know (better).

2:284.  Unto Allah (belongs) whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the   earth. And whether you make known what is in your minds or hide it, Allah will bring you to account for it. He will forgive whom He will and He will punish   whom He will. And Allah is Able to do all things. 2:285. The Messenger believes in that which has been revealed unto him from his Lord and (so do) believers. Each one believes in Allah and His angels and His Scriptures and His messengers. We make no distinction between any of His messengers. And they say: We hear, and we obey. (Grant us) Your forgiveness, our Lord, and unto You is the journeying.
2:286. Allah tasks not a soul beyond its scope. For it (is only) that which it has earned, and against it (only) that which it has deserved. Our Lord! Call us not to account if we forget, or miss the mark, our Lord! Lay not on us such a burden as You did lay on those before us! Our Lord! Impose not on us that which we have not the strength to bear! And pardon us, and absolve us and have mercy on us. You, are our Protector, so give us victory over the disbelieving folk.

3:185.  Every soul will taste of death. And you will be paid on the Day of Resurrection only that which you have fairly earned. Whoso is removed from the Fire and is made to enter Paradise, he indeed is triumphant. And the life of this world is nothing but a deceptive provision of vanity. Our Lord! You created not this in vain. Glory be to You! Persevere us from the doom of Fire.

3:192.  Our Lord! Whom You cause to enter the Fire: him indeed You have  confounded. And for evildoers there will be no helpers.

3:193.  Our Lord! Lo! We have heard a crier calling unto Faith: “Believe you in your Lord!” So we believed. Our Lord! Therefore forgive us our sins, and remit from us our evil deeds, and make us die the death of the righteous. 

3:194.  Our Lord! And give us that which You have promised to us by Your messenger; and confound us not upon the Day of Resurrection. Lo! You break not the tryst.

3:195.  So their Lord has heard them (and He says): Lo! I suffer not the work of any worker, male or female, to be lost. You precede one from another. So those who migrated and were driven forth from their homes and suffered damage for My Cause, and fought and were slain, verily I shall remit their evil deeds from them and verily I shall bring them into Gardens underneath which rivers flow. A reward from Allah. And with Allah is the fairest of rewards.

Volume 2

Lessons # 529 to 995 from Parts 5 to 8 of Holy Qur’an, Chapters:4b. Some part of Nisaaa’ (Women), 5. Maaa-‘idah (The Table Spread), 6. ‘An-‘aam (Cattle) and 7a. Some Part of ‘A’-raaf (The Heights).

4: 171.  O People of the Scripture! Do not exaggerate in your religion nor utter aught concerning Allahsave the truth. The Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, was only a messenger of Allah, and His Word which He   conveyed unto Mary, and a spirit from Him; so believe in Allah and His messengers, and say not “Three”. Cease! (it is) better for you! Allahis only One God. Far be it from His Transcendent Majesty to have a son. His is all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. And Allah is Sufficient as Defender.       
174.  O mankind! Surely has a proof from your Lord come unto you, and We have sent down unto you a clear light. 
175.  As for those who believe in Allah, and hold fast unto Him, then He will cause to enter into His mercy and grace, and will guide them unto Him by a Straight Path. 
The end of this world’s journey (life) is “Death”. It aims – the mankind has arrived at his abode. From birth to death, he has to cross over a very long and wide field. The name of this field is ‘the world’. After death, he will enter his home country. Name of that home country is “the Day of Resurrection, the next world”. At first, he will have to pass through the stages of “the Grave, the General Resurrection, the Lamentation, reckoning of Accounts, crossing the Bridge over which the righteous will pass to Heaven, and the sinner and evildoer will drop down into the Fire of Hell” . Then he will reach his home, which will be either Paradise or Hell. The Paradise is the place of comfort, whereas the Hell is the place of pain and restlessness.
Help one another unto righteousness and pious duty!. And help not one another unto sin and transgression!

5: 3a. Forbidden unto you (for food) are carrion and blood and swine-flesh, and that which has been dedicated unto any other than Allah, and the strangled, and the dead through beating, and the dead through falling from a height, and that which has been killed by (the goring of) horns, and the devoured of wild beasts, saving that which you have slaughtered still alive. And that which has been immolated unto idols is also forbidden. And (forbidden is it) that you apportion by the divining arrows. This is an abomination.

5: 3b.  This day are those who disbelieve in despair of (ever harming) your religion; so fear them not, fear Me! This Day have perfected your religion for you and completed My Favour unto you, and have chosen for you as Religion Al-Islam. Whoso is forced by hunger, not by will, to sin; (for him) lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
“And hold fast by the rope (Quran and hadith) of Allaah (Almighty and His Messenger) all together and be not disunited”.

6:165.  He it is Who has placed you as viceroy of the earth and has exalted some of you in rank above others, that He may try you by (the test of) that which He has given you. Lo! Your Lord is Swift in prosecution, and lo! He verily is Forgiving, Merciful.

The Most Important Social Principle of ISLAM is  “BIDDING THE GOOD & FORBIDDING THE EVIL” 

122.  And as for those who believe and do good works We shall bring them into Gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide for ever. It is a Promise from Allah in Truth. And who can be more truthful than Allah in utterance?
125.  And who is better in religion than he who surrenders his purpose to Allah while doing good (to men) and follows the tradition of Abraham, the upright? And Allah (Himself) chose Abraham for friend.  
7:23.  They said: Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves.

Volume 4

Lessons # 996 to 1512 from Parts 9 to 12 of Holy Qur’an, Chapters: 7b. Remaining part of ‘A’-raaf (The Height), 8. Tawbah (Repentance), 9. ‘Anfaal (Spoils Of War), 10. Yuunus (Jonah), 11. Huud (Hud), and 12a. Some part of Yuusuf (Joseph).

11: 114.  Establish worship at the two ends of the day and in some watches of the night. Lo! Good deeds annul ill-deeds. This is reminder for the mindful.

11: 115.  And have patience. (O Muhammad), for lo! Allah loses not the wages of the Good.
[In accordance with this commandment, Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) established two prayers in the first part of the day {(Fajr – (the dawn of the day) and Zuhr – midday (the time immediately after the declining of the sun)}, one prayer in the last part of the day {‘Asr (afternoon prayer)}, and two prayers in the first part of the night {Magrib – (evening prayer) and ‘Ishaa’ – (the prayer of the first watch of the night)}.

9: 18.  He only shall tend Allah’s sanctuaries who believes in Allah and the Last Day and observes proper Worship and pays the Poor-due and fears none save Allah; for such (only) is it possible that they can be of the rightly guided. 

9: 23.  O you who believe! Choose not your fathers nor your brethren for friends if they take pleasure in disbelief rather than faith. And whoso of you takes them for friends, such are wrongdoers.

9: 24.  Say: If your fathers, and your sons, and your brethren, and your wives, and your tribe, and the wealth you have acquired, and merchandise for which you fear that there will no sale, and dwellings you like are dearer to you than Allah and His Messenger and striving in His Way; then wait till Allah brings His command to pass. And Allah guides not wrongdoing folk.

9: 31.  They have taken as lords beside Allah their rabbis and their monks and the Messiah son of Mary, and they were bidden to worship only One God. There is no God save Him. Be He Glorified from all that they ascribe as partners (unto Him)!

38.  O you who believe! What ails you that when it is said unto you: Go forth in the Way of Allah, you are bowed down to the ground with heaviness. Take you pleasure in the life of the world rather than in the Hereafter? The provision of the life of the world is but little than in the Hereafter.  

39.  If you go not forth He will afflict you with a painful doom, and will choose instead of you a folk other than you, and you cannot harm Him at all. And Allah is Able to do all things.

9:71.  And the Believers, men and women, are protecting friends one of another. They enjoin the right and forbid the wrong, and they establish worship and they pay the poor-due, and they obey Allah and His Messenger. As for these, Allah will have mercy on them. Lo! Allah is Mighty, Wise.

9: 111.  Lo! Allah has bought from the believers their lives and their wealth because the Garden will be theirs. They fight in the Way of Allah and so they slay and are slain. It is a promise which is binding on Him in the Torah and the Gospel and the Qur’an. And who fulfills his covenant better than Allah? Rejoice then in your bargain that you have made. And that is the supreme triumph.

9:112.  (Triumphant) are those who turn repentant (to Allah), those who serve (Him), those who praise (Him), those who journey (in the earth), those who bow down, those who fall prostrate, (in worship), those who enjoin the right and who forbid the wrong and those who guard the limits of Allah. And give glad tidings to Believers.

10: 34.  Say: Is there of your partners (whom you ascribe unto Allah) one that produces the first Creation and then reproduces it? Say: Allah produces the first Creation, then reproduces it. How then, are you misled!

Volume 5

Lessons # 1513 to 2030 from Parts 13 to 16 of Holy Qur’an, Chapters: 12b. Remaining part of Joseph – 13, The Thunder – 14, Abraham – 15, Al-Hijr (The Rocky Track), 16. Suratun-Nahl – (The Bee), 17. Surah Baniii ‘Israaa-‘iil (The Children of Israel), 18. Kahf (The Cave), 19.  Mary & 20. Taa-Haa.

Main Topics: Returning the Merchandise, Searching the drinking-cup, Answer by Jacob, Carelessness from the Tokens, Management of the world, The apparent and the unapparent, The Opposite Party, There is No partner with Allah, None can be oppressed, Wickedness of the infidelity, Supporter of all is Allah, Uncountable Bounties of Allah, The Scripture and Luminous Qur‘an, Story of the guests, General Resurrection is near to reach, Reality of those which are not God , Mutual connection among the both worlds, Master and slaves are not equal, What will happen on the Day of Resurrection?

Some Verses from Surah Joseph: 54.  And the king said: Bring him unto me that I may attach him to my person. Then when he had talked with him he said: Lo! You are today in our presence honourable and trusted.
55.  He said: Set me over the storehouses of the land. Lo! I am a skilled custodian.
56.  Thus gave We power to Joseph in the land. He was the owner of it, so that might settle therein where he wished. We bestow Our Mercy on whom We will and We lose not the reward of the good.
57.  And the reward of the Hereafter is better, for those who believe and ward off (evil).
58.  And Joseph’s brethren came and presented themselves before him, then he recognized them but they remained unaware of him.
59.  And when he provided them with their provision he said: Bring unto me a brother of yours from your father. See you not that I fill up the measure and I am the best of hosts?
64.  He said: Can I entrust him to you save as I entrusted his brother to you aforetime? So Allah is Better at Guarding, and He is the Most Merciful of those who show mercy.
65.  And when they opened their belongings they discovered that their merchandise had been returned to them. They said: O our father! What (more) can we ask? Here is our merchandise returned to us. And we shall get provision for our folk and guard our brother, and we shall have the extra measure of a camel (load). This (that we bring now) is a light measure.
66.  He said: I will not send him with you till you give me an undertaking in the name of Allah that you will bring him back to me, unless you are surrounded. So when they gave him their undertaking he said: Allah is the Warden over what we say.
67.  And he said: O my sons! Go not in by one gate, go in by different gates. I can naught avail you as against Allah. Lo! The decision rests with Allah only. In Him do I put my trust, and in Him let all the trusting put their trust. 
68.  And when they entered in the manner which their father had enjoined, it would have naught availed them as against Allah; it was but a need of Jacob’s soul which he thus satisfied. And lo! He was a lord of knowledge because We had taught him; but most of mankind know not.
69.  And when they went in before Joseph, he took his brother unto him, saying: Lo! I, even I, am your brother, therefore sorrow not for what they did.
70.  And when he provided them with their provision, he put the drinking-cup in his brother’s saddlebag, and then a crier cried: O camel-riders! Lo! You are surely thieves!
71.  They asked, coming toward them: What is it you have lost?
72.  They said: We have lost the king’s cup, and he who brings it shall have a camel-load, and I (said Joseph) am answerable for it.
73.  They said: By Allah, well you know we came not to do evil in the land, and are no thieves.
74.  They said: And what shall be the penalty for it, if you prove liars?

Volume 5

Lessons # 2031 to 2492 from Parts 17 to 20 of Holy Qur’an, Chapters: 21. The Prophets” – (Suratul – ‘Ambiyaaa’, 22. “Hajj” – (The Pilgrimage), 23. “Mu’-minuun” – (The Believers), 24. “Nuur” – (Light), 25. “Furqaan”- {The Criterion (of Right and Wrong)}, 26. Shu-‘araaa’ (The Poets), 27. Suratun-Naml, 28. “Qasas”- (The Story), and some part of 29. “’Ankabuut”- (The Spider).

 سبحان الله والحمد لله ولا إله إلا الله والله اكبر ولا حول ولا قوة الا بالله العلي العظيم (SubhaanAllaahi wal-hamduLillaahi wa-laa ‘ilaaha ‘illAllaahu Wallaahu Akbar, wa Laa hawla wa laa quwwata ‘illaa Billaahil-‘Aliyil-‘Aziim), “Allah is free from imperfection, All praise be to Allah, there is no God but Allah), Allah is the Greatest, There is neither might nor power except with Allah “.

Authority of Prayers Five Times a Day (L-2023) 130: Therefore (O Muhammad), bear with what they say, and celebrate the Praise of your Lord ere the rising of the sun and ere the going down thereof. And glorify Him some hours of the night and at the two ends of the day, that you may be well pleased. Those mosques (Masaajid) are particular places of the appearance of the Light which are constructed by means of Prophets (peace be upon them) and Allaah’s virtuous slaves, and it has been commanded that after their construction, those should be preserved, looked after and treated with respect. And those houses should be kept clean and clear from impurity and thickness, and the name of Allaah Almighty should be remembered therein. So those slaves of Allaah Almighty, who seek His pleasure, assemble for His congregational worship, hymn and praise of Him. First time of their gathering is early in the morning, and then with effect from afternoon to before next day’s morning. In the morning (guduwwi) – come all Fajr to before Zuhar compulsory and voluntary prayers, but in the evening (‘aasaal) – come all Zuhar to before next day’s Fajr – compulsory and voluntary prayers, as Zuhar, ‘Asr, Magrib, ‘Ishaa’ compulsory (Farz) prayers including voluntary prayers as Nafl and Tahajjad etc.

It is commanded: You people can remain chaste and pure when you give up thinking evil. Spreading immodesty and talking about shameful matters cannot be the work of anyone else but only those who are wicked and immoral people. It is the means of preventive measure against indecency and evil that when thought of these misfortunes grow in mind, that should not be spoken with any other. And if any such thing comes out by the tongue heedlessly, then one should recite لاَ حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ إِلاَّ بِاللَّهِ (there is no power and no strength except with Allaah) and استغفار istiġfār {(AstaghfirUllaah) (I seek forgiveness of Allaah). And it should never be talked before the people, because spreading the indecency is the act of the Hypocrites, not of the Believers. The Believers do never accuse any other without proof. You should bear in mind that the people who spread the evil, talk of the immodesty and accuse falsely to others by name, they will be overtaken by calamities in the world, and on the Day of Resurrection. A painful torment will be for them who will disgrace any other by violence. He will be disgraced certainly, scourged with stripes, his evidence will not be reliable and after death he will be tormented painfully in addition. Allaah Almighty is Well Aware of the wicked people. You don’t know treacheries of hypocrites.

Volume 6

Lessons # 2493 to 3024 from Parts 21 to 25 of Holy Qur’an, Chapters: 29. Remaining part of “The Spider, 30. The Romans, 31. Luqman, 32. The Prostration, 33. The Clans, 34. Saba, 35. The Angels, 36. Yasin 37. Those Who set the Ranks, 38. Saad, 39. The Troops, 40. The Believer, 41. They are Expounded, 42. Counsel, 43. Ornaments of Gold, 44. Smoke, and 45. Crouching.

Some Topics: God is Well Aware, Everything is in the Power of Allaah, Portents of The Divine Power, Allah is Present everywhere, Valuable Advice, Coming back to life again after death, Punishment in the world, Desire of running away, Pattern for the Muslims, Remembrance of Allah, Additional commands of veil, Warning for the immoral, Responsibility of Trust, Misfortune of disbelief, A Messenger for the entire mankind, Answer of those who were despised, Scene of the Last Day, The World and Satan, The plan of the world, Gratefulness by heavenly people, Carelessness of the mankind, Food and drink of hellish people, Think for awhile!, Miracles of Nature, Allah is Sufficient for His Bondmen, Know your Lord.

Verses:  55. Lo! The inmates of Paradise this Day are happily employed.

56. They and their wives, in pleasant shade, on thrones reclining. 57. Theirs is the fruit (of their good deeds) and theirs (all) that they ask –

58. The Word from a Merciful Lord (for them) is: Peace!

33:40. Muhammad is not the father of any man among you, but he is the Messenger of Allah and the Seal of the Prophets. And Allah is ever Aware of all things.

33:56. Lo! Allah and His angels shower blessings on the Prophet. O ye who believe! You should also send blessing on him and salute him with a worthy salutation.



(O Allaah, let Your Blessings come upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you have blessed Ibrahim and his family. Truly, You are Praiseworthy and Glorious. O Allaah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you have blessed Ibrahim and his family. Truly, You are Praiseworthy and Glorious”.)

The famous companion of the Prophet (SallAllaahu alaihi wasallam), Ka’ab bin Ujrah (Radi Allaahu anhu), narrates that once it was inquired from Sayyiduna RasoolUllaah (SallAllaahu alaihi wasallam) as to how blessings should be sent to him. The Prophet (SallAllaahu alaihi wasallam) replied that the blessings be said in the manner (it has been mentioned) above, that is, Durood-e-Ibrahimi.

Volume 7

Lessons # 3025 to 3500 from Parts 26 to 30 of Holy Qur’an, Chapters: 46. The Wind-curved Sand-hills, 47. Muhammad, 48. Victory, 49. The Private Apartments, 50. Qaaaf, 51. The Winnowing Winds, 52,  The Mount, 53. The Star, 54. The Moon, 55.  The Beneficent, 56. The Event, 57. The Iron, 58. She that disputes, 59. Exile, 60. She that is to be examined, 61. The Ranks, 62. The Congregation, 63.  The Hypocrites, 64.  Mutual Disillusion, 65.  Divorce, 66.  Banning, 67.  The Sovereignty, 68. The Pen, 69. The Reality, 70. The Ascending Stairways, 71. Noah, 72. The Jinn, 73. The Enshrouded One, 74. The Cloaked One, 75. The Rising of the Dead, 76. Time or Man, 77. The Emissaries, 78. The Tidings, 79. Those who drag forth, 80. He Frowned, 81. The Over Throwing, 82. The Cleaving, 83. Defrauding, 84. The Sundering, 85. The Mansions of the Stars, 86. The Morning Star, 87. The Most High, 88. The Overwhelming, 89. The Dawn, 90. The City, 91. The Sun, 92. The Night, 93. The Morning Hours, 94. Solace, 95. The Fig, 96.  The Clot, 97. Power, 98. The Clear Proof, 99. The Earthquake, 100. The Courses, 101. The calamity, 102. Rivalry in world increase, 103. The Declining Day, 104. The Traducer, 105. The Elephant, 106. Winter, 107. Small Kindnesses, 108. Abundance, 109. The Disbelievers, 110. Succour, 111. Palm-Fibre, 112. The Unity, 113. The Day Break, 114. Mankind.

Small Kindnesses 1. Have you observed him who belies religion? 2. That is he who repels the orphan, 3. And urges not the feeding of the needy. 4. Ah, woe unto worshippers 5. Who are heedless of their prayer; 6. Who would be seen (at worship) 7. Yet refuse small kindnesses!

Abundance 1. Lo! We have given you Abundance; 2. So pray unto your Lord, and sacrifice. 3. Lo! it is your insulter (and not you) who is without posterity.

The Disbelievers 1. Say: O disbelievers! 2. I worship not that which you worship; 3. Nor worship you that which I worship. 4. And I shall not worship that which you worship. 5. Nor will you worship that which I worship. 6. Unto you your religion, and unto me my religion.

Succour 1. When Allah’s succour and the triumph comes 2. And you see mankind entering the religion of Allah in troops, 3. Then hymn the praises of your Lord, and seek forgiveness of Him. Lo! He is ever ready to show mercy.

Palm-Fibre 1. The power of Abu Lahab will perish, and he will perish. 2. His wealth and gains will not exempt him. 3. He will be plunged in flaming Fire, 4. And his wife, the wood-carrier, 5. Will have upon her neck a halter of palm-fibre.

The Unity 1. Say: He is Allah, the One! 2. Allah, the eternally Besought of all! 3. He begets not nor was begotten. 4. And there is none comparable unto Him.

The Day Break 1. Say: I seek refuge in the Lord of the Daybreak 2. From the evil of that which He created; 3. From the evil of the darkness when it is intense, 4. And from the evil of malignant witchcraft, 5. And from the evil of the envier when he envies.

Mankind 1. Say: I seek refuge in the Lord of mankind, 2. The King of mankind, 3. The God of mankind, 4. From the evil of the sneaking whisperer, 5. Who whispers in the hearts of mankind, 6. Of the jinn and of mankind.

Supplication: O Allaah! Change my fear in my grave into love! O Allaah! Confer Your Grace on me through the Magnificent Qur’an; make it for me a Book of Instruction and Evidence, Light, Guidance and Mercy. My Lord! Which I forgotten; remind me and which I don’t know ; teach me from this Holy Qur’an and grant me the honor of reciting it day and night and make it an argument and proof for me, O Lord and Sustainer of all the Worlds. Amen.


Lessons from Holy Qur'an

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Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Muhammad (peace be upon him) As a Witness against All


Muhammad (peace be upon him) As a Witness against All

Surah NISAAA’  (WOMEN) – Chapter – 4)

Verses –41 & 42 of 176, Section –6/24 (Part – 5)


41.  But how (will it be with them) when We bring of every people a witness, and We bring thee (O Muhammad) a witness against these?

42.  On that Day those who disbelieved and disobeyed the Messenger will wish that the earth were leveled over them, and they can hide no fact from Allah.

41.   Fa-kayfa ‘izaa  ji’-naa  min  kulli  ‘ummatim- bi-shahiidinw-wa  ji’-naa  bika  ‘alaa  haaa-‘ulaaa-‘i  Shahiidaa.

42.  ‘Yawma-‘iziny-yawaddul-laziina kafaruu  wa  ‘asa-wur-Rasuula  law  tu-sawwaa  bihi-mul-‘arz.  Wa  laa  yaktumuu-nallaaha  hadiisaa.




Shahiidun – (witness), the words shaahid, shahaadat, shahuud, mash-huud, mushaahidah etc. and many other likewise words have been derived from the same origin. In the meanings of this word, presence and evidence of someone are hidden. The witness is called Shaahid and Shahiid because he observes the particular event in his presence and knows its circumstances very well.

alaa  haaa-‘ulaaa-‘i  Shahiidaa – (a witness against these people). In the beginning of Part – 2, the Muslims were described as “ye may be witnesses against mankind” (shu-hadaaa-‘a  ‘alan-naas) and the last Messenger Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon him) as “the Messenger may be witness against you (the Muslims)” (verse # 2:143). Moreover, in this verse, “and We bring thee (O Muhammad) a witness against these” (wa  ji’-naa  bika  ‘alaa  haaa-‘ulaaa-‘i  Shahiidaa) has been mentioned. That is to say, the last Messenger Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon him) may be witness against the entire nations and ummahs of the world. All previous nations, Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon them) are included in the meanings of haaa-‘ulaaa-‘i.

Allah Almighty commands that a witness will be present against each nation in the Day of Resurrection. They (peace be upon them) will give evidence about the deeds, character, faith and infidelity of their people. In addition, last Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon him) will give evidence about the truth of those Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon them). And he (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah Almighty be upon him) will give evidence too about the behavior of their nations, which those nations upheld with the Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon them).

On the Day of Reckoning, there will be no form of rescue for those who disbelieved in Allah Almighty and disobeyed their Messengers and Prophets (peace be upon them). They will not be able to hide anything despite their thousands of vain attempts. They will wish in this condition of confusion and repentance (regret and shame), “Would that! The earth were cracked, we were caused to enter in it and it leveled over us so that we could get freedom from this torment”.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English  by Muhammad Sharif).





        There is a growing class of people, all the world over, and particularly in Europe and America, who are anxious to understand Major Religions with an open mind, so as to form their own opinion in the matter. To them Religion is no longer a spent-force, but a force which can help us out of the present world crisis. They hope that a Balanced Religion, Realistic, as well as Idealistic, Comprehensive, taking account of Human nature and Needs, in Beliefs and Deeds, can be utilized, in the light of experience gained, to vitalize Humanism, so as to save Mankind from the menace of Heartless Self Destruction, in private and public life. And in Truth, there is also the more vital Problem of Life after Death, a problem which is the keystone of Religion.

          Of the few Basic Books of Major Religions, let the Holy Qur’aan give here an outline of its Message, ISLAM, which would include the Supreme Being (GOD), HIS attributes and Manifestations, the Prophets and their extreme-human and divine, the Man, his position and progress and his associations with all, the Creatures and their purpose, the Universe and its Reality. But Man is the keystone of the whole system, and clue to the whole Universe.


          Islam claims to be in accord with Human Nature, for it proclaims:-


          “Then set your face straight for Religion (Islam) in the right direction,-the Nature (framed) of Allah, on (the Principles of) which, He has created men (as well). There is no altering (the laws) of Allah’s creation. That is the right religion, but most people do not know (this).” (Verse-30, Sura-30) (Qur‘aan).

Islam is positively a System. A true Religion must reflect Nature. It possesses a natural grace. In principle, the Message of any Religion must needs come from its Basic Book, to carry Authority. The introductory notes are short without comments, carrying their Qur’aanic references with them for those who want further clarification on the points so as to let the readers think, feel and realize the truth for themselves.


The Holy Qur’aan cannot be translated. The result of any translation is not the Glorious Qur’aan, that inimitable symphony the very sound of which moves men to tears and ecstasy. (83:5). It is divided into 30 Parts, 114 Suuras (chapters), 558 sections, and 6236 verses.

As to the Holy Qur’aan’s translations in general, to be frank, they often fail to convey the real sense, spirit and delicacy of the original, mainly because English terms are more or less inadequate to express the basic concepts of Holy Qur’aan, such as ‘Abd’ and ‘Rab’, ‘Rahmaan’ and ‘Raheem’, ‘Ahad’ and ‘Samad’, and several others.


Islam is the Message of Holy Qur’aan. It is a Perfect and a Practical Religion of Equality, Liberty and Fraternity. Islam, as defined by Holy Qur’aan, means Submission to the Supreme Being, and compliance with His Laws, which constitute Nature, including Man himself. Vide82 : 3, 30 : 30 “Surely the true Religion with Allah is Islam” 18 : 3 Islam also insists upon the fundamental unity of all revealed religions of origin, includes them all collectively in itself, and enjoins all Muslims to acknowledge them.” Vide 83 : 3, 285 : 2. “And whoever desires religion other than Islam, it shall not be accepted from him, and in the Hereafter he shall be one of the losers.” Vide 84 ; 31


1.       Islam is thus based on knowledge and action, to know the Supreme Being and His Laws, and to obey them to attain the goal on the path of progress. Again, knowledge is graded from the highest ‘and purest source, namely ‘Wah-yi’ or Revelation, down to ‘Fikr’ (selfthinking), ‘Khawz’ (vain discourse), and ‘Zan’ (conjecture), in their natural descending order. Intuition and Inspiration, which come, more or less within the experience of all, at the odd moments of their life, might just give an idea of Revelation, as a faint ray may represent the bright sun. But Revelation, as such is extremely spontaneous, natural, brilliant, sure and supreme, far above the effort of mind. Says the Holy Qur’aan: “ And it is not for any man that Allah should speak to him, except by Revelation or from behind a veil, or by sending a messenger, revealing by His permission what He pleases; surely He is High, Wise.’ Vide 51:42, 164:4, 65:18, 163:4, and 113:4. 


2.       Next to “Wah-yi” comes ‘Fikr’ or selfthinking, which is highly commended, even urged by the Holy Qur’aan. But the sphere of thinking is distinctly confined to Nature and its working the basis of all our sciences.

          “Do they not think within themselves that Allah did not create the heavens and the earth and what is between them but with Truth (to serve a serious purpose), and for a fixed term? But most people believe nit in the meeting of their Lord.” Vide 8:30, 20:38, 13:45. “Most surely in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and (in) the alternation of the night and the day there are signs for men of understanding-those who remember Allah standing and sitting, and lying their sides, and think about the creation of the heavens and the earth (till they admit_-Our Lord! Thou hast not created (all) this in vain. Glory be to Thee! Preserve us from the doom of Fire.” 189:3.  

It would appear from this passage that religion mentality is not at all averse to a scientific outlook; in fact the latter follows the former as a natural sequence. Ignorance is the source of all pain and misery amounting to Fire.


3.       So Revelation and thinking are recognized as the two reliable sources of knowledge in their respective spheres. But when thought sets out to explore the remote regions of revelation, it loses its moorings, and wanders off to ‘Khawz’ or vain discourse which in the language of the Qur’aan is no better than mere play. Vide 68: 6, 83: 43, 7: 52.


4. Lastly ‘Zan’ is a mere guess or conjecture, right or wrong as the case may be. It is a very common tendency of human mind, and a great source of misjudgement, So it has been expressly deprecated in the Qur’aan.

          “And most of those (unbelievers) do not follow (any truth) but conjecture; surely conjecture will not avail them aught against the Truth; surely Allah knoweth what they do.” 117: 6


5.       Revelation, which is the purest form of knowledge, can be assimilated through ‘liman’ or Belief by other people. In fact belief is the shortest and surest way to attain revealed knowledge. Belief is equally necessary for our acquired knowledge. Our individual personal knowledge, even of the daily life is almost insignificant, as compared with the sum total of human knowledge. Every advance of science and civilization tends to multiply our beliefs in the knowledge and action of others. Therefore belief is by no means confined to the spiritual sphere; it pervades the whole of our temporal life as well. 258:2.


6.       The knowledge received through revelation, and through the accompanying belief, is by no means a blind acceptance, rather it carries its own light which is limitless and ever fresh and it is termed, ‘Sharhe-Sadr’ or expansion of breast, a special gift for prophets and their followers vide 25 : 20, 1 : 94, 22 : 39, 27 : 31, 109 : 18, 114 : 20. According to Qur’aan, knowledge is Light and Life; ignorance is Darkness and Death. It is not a mere simile but a scientific truth. Vide 1 : 14, 9 : 57, 22 : 35, 24 : 8. Hikmat or Wisdom, which is the cream of knowledge, is the source  of all good, and a great gift of Allah, specially awarded to prophets and their followers. Vide 269 : 2, 163 : 3.


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