Quran Chapter 31: Intro (Pt-21, Stg-5) (L-2537) درس قرآن
Preliminary note on Surah Luqman
Chapter “LUQNAAN”- (LUQMAN) – 31
‘A-‘uu-zu Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in Allaah from Satan the outcast)
(In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful)
With regard to arrangement, this is Thirty First Chapter of Holy Qur’an, which was revealed after middle times of stay at Makkah, save two verses which were revealed in Madinah. It contains Four Sections. Luqman name was respectable for the people of Arab because there were many famous stories of the person of this name. It was said that he was an Abyssinian slave who used to draw such results by using his God given intelligence; after observing the occurrences in the world, which may be useful in the life of the mankind, and he used to advise the people that they should act according to his sayings. After that, his sayings remained among the people of Arab like stories and tales. Then, these stories were named as Hikaayaat ‘Albaab “The Stories of Wisdom)” which are famous even today.
Holy Qur’an has saved those advices for always which were best and useful for the mankind and drew attention of the people of Arab that “it would not be useful to hear or causing to hear these advices only as stories. You should act upon them and correct your conduct and mutual behavior with one another”. There is no mention of Luqman in Torah, but Holy Qur’an is not specified for any particular country or nation. It instructs the mankind to admit every good thing, whether that comes from anywhere.
You should not read the matters of ancient nations only for amusement like exhilarating stories. Do not hear their circumstances considering that those are only means for passing spare time. But you should take it as a warning. Wise people of all times used to say that some works are useful and some are injurious to mankind. Summary of the same has been recorded in Holy Qur’an. Sayings of some people have been related as they said and circumstances of some people have been described; so that the people may draw results useful for themselves.
In the beginning of the Chapter, it has been commanded that you should recite and cause to hear the circumstances of ancient people for acquiring advice from them, correct your deeds, escape from those errors which they committed, and whatever they said good, those all are the same which have come in Holy Qur’an. The person, who will act upon them, will live in the world in good condition as well as even after death he will gain comfortable and pleasant life. It has been commanded: The first work is that you should know Allaah Almighty, renounce from infidelity and idolatry. After that, you should abstain from evil deeds due to fear of Allaah Almighty.
Transliterated Holy Qur’aan in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).