Quran Chapter 30: Intro (Pt-21, Stg-5) (L-2507) درس قرآن
Attack of Persians upon Romans
Chapter “RUUM” – (THE ROMANS) – 30
‘A-‘uu-zu Billaahiminash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in Allaah from Satan the outcast)
(In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful)
According to the Order, this is Thirtieth Chapter of Holy Qur’an. It contains six Sections. It was revealed during the middle times of stay in Makkah. Disbelievers of Makkah had been opposing the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and his companions (May Allaah be pleased with them) by all means and they were thinking that Islamic Principles would destroy their society, that is to say, their particular way of living. In accordance with the Islamic teachings, the Creator; the Lord and the Paramount Power of the world was only Allaah Almighty. Those people only are successful who determine that their Worshiped is God Almighty. Before six or seven year of Departure from Makkah, it happened that the Persians made violent attack upon the Romans, and assaulted upon the Countries around the Arab which were under Administrative jurisdiction of Rome. Idolaters of Arab were supporters of Iran because they used to disbelieve in Allaah Almighty. In this regard, those both were like one another.
Holy Qur’an had informed the Muslims that the Christians had belief in Allaah Almighty as a True God and that; Jesus (peace be upon him) was His Messenger. Therefore, they were the People of the Scripture. Naturally the Muslims were sympathizers of the Romans, because they also were a nation of God’s Prophet and had belief in Allaah Almighty. By chance, the Persians defeated the Romans, took at first Jerusalem and then Damascus under their possession. Next year they conquered Egypt also and got ready to attack upon Constantinople. When this News reached Arab, the Idolaters were pleased very much and began to vex the Muslims that “Disbelievers of Allaah Almighty had defeated His Believers. So whatever your Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) teaches you that Allaah Almighty is Most Powerful, has been disproved by this happening. He could not help His believers, and disbelievers got victory”.
During those days, this Chapter was revealed, in which it has been described clearly that the Romans will vanquish over the Persians after some years and they will rush headlong into their Country by defeating them. Then Muslims will have double pleasure. Firstly that the Romans, who are believers of Allaah Almighty; will overpower their enemies (the Persians) who disbelieve in Allaah Almighty, and secondly that the Muslims will break the backbone of the Infidels of Makkah also. Accordingly after seven years, the Romans defeated the Persians gravely, and on the other side; the Idolaters of Makkah suffered a hard defeat in the Battle of Badr.
It has been described in this Chapter that Sovereignty of Allaah Almighty is over the entire worlds. He gives respite to those who disbelieve in Him, but they do not refrain from wickedness. At last they consequently are disgraced and killed by the Believers. The Believers of Allaah Almighty should not be confused if some difficulties come before them. It is a test of their patience and steadiness. At the end they will get victory.
Transliterated Holy Qur’aan in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara IslaahwaTableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).