Quran Chapter 28: Intro (Pt-20, Stg-5) (L-2414) درس قرآن
Summary of Suratul-Qasas
Chapter “Qasas”- (The Story) – 28
‘A-‘uu-zu Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in Allaah from Satan the outcast)
(In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful)
According to Qur’anic Order, this is 28th Chapter. It was revealed in Makkah during adjoining the days of departure towards Madinah. One verse of this Chapter was revealed in the journey of flight and four verses were revealed in Madinah. Reason of naming this Chapter as “Qasas” (The Story) is that the story of Prophet Moses (peace be upon him) has been described in it. The people of Makkah used to oppress the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him). The Muslims were very less in numbers and sometimes the Infidels used to annoy them so much that it used to become difficult for them to tolerate. It was miraculous influence of Holy Qur’an that Messenger of Allaah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and his Companions (May Allaah be pleased with them) used to put a bold front against severest afflictions face to face and their courage did never become less in any sense.
In this Chapter, it has been described to them: Entire troubles and distresses are only for a few days. The time of success will come very soon by the Grace of Allaah Almighty. For encouraging the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and his Companions (May Allaah be pleased with them), complete circumstances in respect of Moses (peace be upon him) have been explained in this Chapter. He (peace be upon him) was born in Egypt in an honorable family of the Children of Israel. The condition was it that the King of Egypt (Pharaoh) had ordered: If any boy is born in any house of the Children of Israel, Kill him immediately! In reality, he had already entangled the Children of Israel in various afflictions but this oppression was an act of increasing their misfortunes. Mother of Moses (peace be upon him) was fearful that as soon as the policemen of Pharaoh will come to know, they will kill this child (Moses).
Allaah Almighty inspired a new matter in her heart; upon which she acted. It was the result that Moses (peace be upon him) was brought up under the supervision of Pharaoh himself. After that when he (peace be upon him) was a young, ran away from the City due to one sudden accident. After undergoing many sufferings, he reached Median and met Shu-eyb (peace be upon them).He passed ten years in his service (peace be upon them). When he (peace be upon him) was returning, Prophet-hood was bestowed to him. Then he was commanded that he should drive the Children of Israel out from Egypt for saving them from the tyrannies of Pharaoh.
Pharaoh began to molest Moses (peace be upon him) and his folk more than earlier and they endured with patience. Then, Allaah Almighty commanded: Leave the City by night along with the Children of Israel! Pharaoh and his Army followed them and they were drowned by the Command of Allaah Almighty. The Children of Israel got freedom and became rulers from subjects. This result was to be remembered from it that like this, the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and his Companions (May Allaah be pleased with them) will be saved from the tyrannies of the Idolaters of Makkah. And after becoming rulers, they will spread peace in this Holy City.
Transliterated Holy Qur’aan in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).