Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Slaves and those who have not come to puberty – (1)

Quran Chapter 24: 58a (Pt-18, Stg-4) (L-2246) درس قرآن

Slaves and those who have not come to puberty – (1)

Chapter Nuur” – (Light) – 24

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.

 (I seek refuge in Allaah from Satan the outcast)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful)

 يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ لِيَسْتَـْٔذِنكُمُ ٱلَّذِينَ مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَٰنُكُمْ وَٱلَّذِينَ لَمْ يَبْلُغُوا۟ ٱلْحُلُمَ مِنكُمْ ثَلَٰثَ مَرَّٰتٍ مِّن قَبْلِ صَلَوٰةِ ٱلْفَجْرِ وَحِينَ تَضَعُونَ ثِيَابَكُممِّنَ ٱلظَّهِيرَةِ وَمِنۢ بَعْدِ صَلَوٰةِ ٱلْعِشَآءِ ثَلَٰثُ عَوْرَٰتٍ لَّكُمْ لَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ وَلَا عَلَيْهِمْ جُنَاحٌۢ بَعْدَهُنَّ طَوَّٰفُونَ عَلَيْكُم بَعْضُكُمْ عَلَىٰ بَعْضٍ كَذَٰلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ ٱللَّهُ لَكُمُ ٱلْءَايَٰتِ وَٱللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ 58

58a.  O ye who believe! Let your slaves, and those of you who have not come to puberty, ask leave of you at three times (before they come into your presence). Before the prayer of dawn, and when ye lay aside your raiment for the heat of noon, and after the prayer of night. Three times of privacy for you. 58a.  Yaaa-ayyuhallaziina  ‘aa-manuu  liyasta’-zinkumul-laziina  malakat  ‘aymaanukum  wal-laziina  lam  yablugul-huluma  minkum  salaasa  marraat.  Min  qabli  Salaatil-Fajri  wa  hiina  taza-‘uuna  siyaabakum-minaz-zahiirati  wa  mim-  ba’-di  Salaatil-‘Ishaaa’.

 

Commentary

 

Huluma – (understanding, wisdom), here it aims: discernment of desire relating to sex, which appears after puberty).

 

Marraat – (again and again, repeatedly), this word is plural of marrah, which means “one time”. Here it aims “time and an occasion”. It means “there are three such times in which a man desires privacy”.

 

A man needs a separate house and abode for living. Generally, along with him, his wife, children, attendants and servants; in which slaves and bond-maids were included during ancient times; live altogether. In these verses, the way of living in a house is being described to its residents that it is difficult for the common people to live every time in a house mutually, but there are three such times during which; privacy is required. And a man does not like coming of any other person near him during those times – (a) before the prayer of dawn, (b) when one lays aside his raiment for the heat of noon, (c) and after the prayer of night. In these times, if bond-women, servants and slaves etc. wish to enter, they should at first take permission of the master of the house. Those children who have grown up but still they have not reached the age of puberty so far, they also are not allowed to come in fearless. If they wish to enter, they should ask leave before coming in the room.

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’aan in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).

Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Establishment of the worship – (2)

Quran Chapter 24: 55b to 57 (Pt-18, Stg-4) (L-2245) درس قرآن

Establishment of the worship – (2)

Chapter Nuur” – (Light) – 24

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.

 (I seek refuge in Allaah from Satan the outcast)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful)

(Continued from the last)

 

Against fear and confusion, they will be provided satisfied and peaceful life. And these will be the people who will arrange; even for their old enemies too; for passing a comfortable and easy life in the world.

 

It has been commanded in above mentioned verses: Their conduct will be that they will never prostrate before any other than Allaah Almighty. They will establish worship of only One God. And they will never ascribe as any partner unto Allaah Almighty and in any of His Epithets.

 

Can anybody ever think that this tremendous prediction is being caused to hear in so much clear words in a very beautiful manner, correctly at that time when the opponents of Islam have surrounded the Muslims from all around and they are sure that now the success is in their hands, One Person; who is without means and nearly with unarmed companions; challenges those enemies who are fully equipped with all kinds of arms and ammunition; causes to hear them and says: You can never harm Us? Allaah Almighty has chosen Us for ruling over the entire world. He has commanded Us that we should not be confused, we shall be heirs of the empire of the world. We should say to the opponents of Islam from His side: My these servants will spread peace and safety in the world. And I shall strengthen the religion Islam well by means of them in the world. They will teach the doctrine of Oneness to the people and consider that I am their One Worshipped. They will not ask any other but Me for their desires. These will be thankful servants of Mine.

 

The Believers understood the matter at the spot that this all shall happen certainly and Muhammad is a true Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), who has been causing to hear this verse fearlessly to the refractory people in such condition. None can be so much aspiring but a Messenger. Today the history has shown that this verse is a clear proof that Muhammad is a true Messenger of Allaah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him).

 

Those all victories, which were acquired with effect from the after worldly life of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) to the times of Uthman (May Allah be pleased with him), were perfection of the prediction of this verse. Islam prospered and the world was filled with justice and equity.

 

But after that, thankless people of this favor were born, about whom, it has been commanded: These people will be breakers of the Commandments of Allaah Almighty. Muslims are being instructed that they should establish worship, pay the poor-due and obey always the Sayings of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him). If they will do so then Allaah Almighty will send always His mercy upon them.

 

It has been described concerning the disbelievers that they cannot take shelter anywhere in the world. Allaah Almighty will blockade and recompense them for the evil they did. After death, their abode will be Fire of the Hell, which is the worst place of dwelling. (God protect us).

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’aan in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).