Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Grant of succession to authority

Quran Chapter 24: 55a (Pt-18, Stg-4) (L-2243) درس قرآن

Grant of succession to authority

Chapter Nuur” – (Light) – 24

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.

 (I seek refuge in Allaah from Satan the outcast)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful)

                                                           

وَعَدَٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ مِنكُمْ وَعَمِلُوا۟ ٱلصَّٰلِحَٰتِ لَيَسْتَخْلِفَنَّهُمْ فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ كَمَا ٱسْتَخْلَفَ ٱلَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ وَلَيُمَكِّنَنَّ لَهُمْ دِينَهُمُ ٱلَّذِى ٱرْتَضَىٰ لَهُمْ وَلَيُبَدِّلَنَّهُم مِّنۢ بَعْدِ خَوْفِهِمْ أَمْنًا يَعْبُدُونَنِى لَايُشْرِكُونَ بِى شَيْـًٔا وَمَن كَفَرَ بَعْدَ ذَٰلِكَ فَأُو۟لَٰٓئِكَ هُمُ ٱلْفَٰسِقُونَ 55

 

55a.  Allah hath promised such of you as believe and do good work that He will surely make them to succeed (the present rulers) in the earth even as He caused those who were before them to succeed (others); and that He will surely establish for them their religion which He hath approved for them, and will give them in exchange safety after their fear. 55a.  Wa-‘adAllaahul-laziina  ‘aa-manuu  minkum  wa  ‘amilus-saalihaati  layastakh-lifanna-hum  fil-‘arzi  kamastakh-lafal-laziina  min  qablihim;  wa  la-yumakki-nanna  lahum  diina-humullazir-tazaa  lahum  wa  layubaddi-lannahum-mim-  ba’di  khawfihim  ‘amnaa.

 

Commentary

 

‘Istakh-lafa – (made them successors in Government, granted them succession to authority), it is past tense from the word ‘istakhlaaf, which has come out from khalaf. Khalaf means “to follow, to come late”. ‘Istakhlaaf means “to appoint someone else at the place of already appointed person”.

 

Layastakh-lifanna – {He will surely make (them) to succeed (the present rulers)}.

 

It was commanded in the previous verse that the Messenger (grace glory, blessings and peace be upon him) had no other charge than to convey the Message plainly, which has been performed by him. Now it is your duty that you should do your work. If you will follow the Sayings of the Messenger (grace glory, blessings and peace be upon him), you will prosper and succeed in this world and on the Day of Resurrection.

 

It has been mentioned clearly in this verse that what will be provided to the obedient people of the Messenger (grace glory, blessings and peace be upon him) in this world in future, so that short-sightedness of those, who doubt in future of Islam, may be shown plainly. And it may be explained that if you cannot know the circumstances of future by tokens, then lo! We describe you. Listen! Allaah Almighty has promised strongly and finally with those people who believe and do good works in accordance with the instructions of the Messenger (grace glory, blessings and peace be upon him), that they will be granted succession to authority upon the earth in future. And as different ancient folks were made to succeed as rulers before them on the earth turn by turn, like them; Allaah Almighty will make the Believers to succeed the present rulers. And their religion, which is Allaah’s favorite religion, will be established and strengthened. And they will be bestowed with the life of peace and safety, in exchange of their present life of fear and dread.

 

This verse was revealed during that period when the Muslims had been passing life full of different dangers. And the history is witness that this prediction was fulfilled.

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’aan in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).