Quran Chapter 22 – Intro (Pt-17, Stg-4) (L-2087) درس قرآن
Suratul-Hajj – Description
Chapter “Hajj” – (The Pilgrimage) – 22
‘A-‘uu-zu Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in Allaah from Satan the outcast.)
(In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)
According to order, this is twenty second Chapter of Holy Qur’an. There are ten Sections in this Chapter. Instructions regarding “the Pilgrimage” have been mentioned in it, so its name is chosen “Suratul-Hajj”. Maximum part of this Chapter was revealed in Makkah and some part was revealed in Madinah. The part of Chapter, which was revealed in Madinah, is very important, so generally it is written as “the Madanii portion”.
Before this Chapter, in the last Section of Suratul-‘Ambiyaaa’, there was mention about the Day of Resurrection that this world will be destroyed and the entire human beings will be reproduced. The disbelievers will be punished due to their disbelief and ascribing plurality to Allaah Almighty, but the righteous people will be bestowed with comfort and pleasure.
In this Chapter, circumstances of the Day of Resurrection have been described in such fearful words that the hairs on end stand. It has been commanded to the mankind: They should never be in doubt concerning Allaah Almighty, otherwise their end will be worst. After that, proof of coming back to life again has been explained with strong reason. Punishment of the wicked deeds has been described as the Fire of the Hell, and glad tidings have been given to the righteous people. The mankind should not worship Allaah Almighty for worldly benefits but for winning His favor. The entire universe has been bowing before Allaah Almighty, but it is misfortune of some people that they are refractory.
Then there is mention about the construction of the Square Building at Makkah (The House of Allaah) by Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him), and the people have been excited to perform its Pilgrimage. After that, there is recitation of a Sacrifice (Qurbaanii). The Muslims have been permitted to fight their enemies due to their refractoriness. The mankind has been frightened that they should not have any doubt in the Message which Allaah Almighty has sent by means of His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him). That is entirely True. Satan cannot interfere in It. Those people have been commended who departed from Makkah for the Cause of Allaah Almighty and it has been promised with them that they will be helped. The opponents of Islam have been caused to understand that in the religion, according to circumstances and times, particular ways of acquiring the Will of Allaah Almighty are determined. Therefore they should not quarrel about the ways which Holy Qur’an has fixed. Nowadays those commandments are suitable which have been mentioned in Holy Qur’an. All people will behold on the Day of Resurrection that only the commandments mentioned in Holy Qur’an were Right. At the end, helplessness of the idols has been proved by obvious argument that the mankind should know Allaah Almighty correctly, and try to obey His commandments. These are the teachings of Islam.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).