Quran Chapter 21 – 79b & 80 (Pt-17, Stg-4) (L-2069) درس قرآن
Art of making the garments of mail
Chapter “The Prophets” – (Suratul – ‘Ambiyaaa’ – 21)
‘A-‘uu-zu Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in Allaah from Satan the outcast.)
(In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)
فَفَهَّمْنَٰهَا سُلَيْمَٰنَ وَكُلًّا ءَاتَيْنَا حُكْمًا وَعِلْمًاوَسَخَّرْنَا مَعَ دَاوُۥدَ ٱلْجِبَالَ يُسَبِّحْنَ وَٱلطَّيْرَ وَكُنَّا فَٰعِلِينَ 79
وَعَلَّمْنَٰهُ صَنْعَةَ لَبُوسٍ لَّكُمْ لِتُحْصِنَكُممِّنۢ بَأْسِكُمْ فَهَلْ أَنتُمْ شَٰكِرُونَ 80
|79b. And We subdued the hills and the birds to hymn (His) praise along with David. And We were the Doers (thereof).
80. And We taught him the art of making garments (of mail) to protect you against your attacks. Are ye then thankful?
|79b. Wa sakh-kharNaa ma-‘a Da-wuudal-jibaala yusabbihna wat-tayr. Wa kunNaa Faa-‘iliin.
80. Wa ‘allamNaahu san-‘ata labuusil-lakum lituhsinakum-mim- ba’-sikum. Fahal ‘antum shaakiruun.
Labuusin – (garments), it is a thing of wearing; from the word labasa, which is an adjective. Lab-sun means “to wear”. Libaas and labuus have same meanings. Here it aims “Zirah (chain armor)”.
Tuhsinakum – (for your protection), origin of this word is ‘ihsaan, which has been derived from hisnun. Hisnun means “the means of safety, and a fort”. ‘Ihsaan means “to protect, to give shelter”.
David (peace be upon him) was a Prophet who was very melodious. The Scripture named “The Psalms” was revealed unto him, in which there were hymns of Allaah’s praise, honor and purity. When he (peace be upon him) used to recite those Psalms in the state of pleasure and love, then hearers of them used to be enraptured. Not only the human beings but the hills too used to begin singing of praise to Allaah Almighty after hearing the voice of David (peace be upon him). Flying birds used to stop and begin to sing His praise.
It is commanded: There is no wonder in it that only Allaah Almighty is; Who did all this, and nothing goes out of His control. Moreover, He taught the art of making garments of chain armor to David (peace be upon him) for protection of the bodies of the fighters and defenders during war. The iron used to become soft like wax when it used to come in the hands of David (peace be upon him) and he used to make a garment of iron by molding and casting it. Those garments were used to be worn when the opposite Armies would have been in the battlefield, so that the bodies of the fighters/defenders might be saved from attacks. If the chain armors had not been made in the world, then the people would have been injured seriously and covered with blood by very little, sharp-edged things. Therefore we should be thankful to Allaah Almighty because of this graciousness and creation of other useful things. Remember it that all advantageous things have been created by Him only.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).