Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Wisdom of Solomon in a case

Quran Chapter 21  78 & 79a (Pt-17, Stg-4) (L-2068) درس قرآن

Wisdom of Solomon in a case

Chapter “The Prophets” – (Suratul – ‘Ambiyaaa’ – 21)

 ‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in Allaah from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

 وَدَاوُۥدَ وَسُلَيْمَٰنَ إِذْ يَحْكُمَانِ فِى ٱلْحَرْثِ إِذْنَفَشَتْ فِيهِ غَنَمُ ٱلْقَوْمِ وَكُنَّا لِحُكْمِهِمْ شَٰهِدِينَ 78

فَفَهَّمْنَٰهَا سُلَيْمَٰنَ وَكُلًّا ءَاتَيْنَا حُكْمًا وَعِلْمًاوَسَخَّرْنَا مَعَ دَاوُۥدَ ٱلْجِبَالَ يُسَبِّحْنَ وَٱلطَّيْرَ وَكُنَّا فَٰعِلِينَ 79

 

78.  And David and Solomon, when they gave judgment concerning the field, when people’s sheep had strayed and browsed therein by night; and We were Witnesses to their judgment –

 

79a.  And We made Solomon to understand (the case); and unto each of them We gave judgment and knowledge.

78.  Wa  Daa-wuuda  wa  Sulay-maana  ‘iz  yah-kumaani  fil-harsi  ‘iz  nafashat  fiihi  gana-mul-qawm.  Wa  kunNaa  li-hukmihim  Shaa-hidiin.

 

79a.  Fa-fah-hamNaahaa  Sulaymaan.  Wa  kullan  ‘aatayNaa  Hukmanw-wa  ‘Ilmaa.

 

    Commentary

 

The Children of Israel chose Prophet David (peace be upon him) as their King. Prophet Solomon (peace be upon him) was his son. Prophet David (peace be upon him) was a wise ruler, but Allaah Almighty had bestowed extraordinary intelligence and wisdom to Solomon (peace be upon him).

 

In this verse, it has been described about a case; which was judged by David (peace be upon him), then Solomon (peace be upon him) pointed out unto a very little and important matter, due to which; David (peace be upon him) took back own decision and settled the case according to judgment of Solomon (peace be upon him).

 

One person’s flock of sheep had strayed in the field of another by night; and browsed his field of crop. Owner of the field filed a suit in the court of David (peace be upon him). He (peace be upon him) gave decision that the flock of the sheep should be handed over to the owner of the crop’s field.

 

Solomon (peace be upon him) said that the owner of the field should possess the flock of sheep and reap advantage from it, but the master of the flock should sow in his field again, and when the crop reaches the same condition, then he should return the field to its owner and take back his flock of sheep. David (peace be upon him) liked this judgment, changed own decision and settled the case in accordance with the judgment of Solomon (peace be upon him). They both (peace be upon them) were sensible, but at this occasion; Allaah Almighty caused to understand the right matter to Solomon (peace be upon him).

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).