Quran Chapter 21 – 34 & 35 (Pt-17, Stg-4) (L-2048) درس قرآن
The evil and the good are for ordeal
Chapter “The Prophets” – (Suratul – ‘Ambiyaaa’ – 21)
‘A-‘uu-zu Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in Allaah from Satan the outcast.)
(In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)
وَمَا جَعَلْنَا لِبَشَرٍمِّن قَبْلِكَ ٱلْخُلْدَ أَفَإِي۟ن مِّتَّ فَهُمُ ٱلْخَٰلِدُونَ 34
كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذَآئِقَةُ ٱلْمَوْتِ وَنَبْلُوكُم بِٱلشَّرِّ وَٱلْخَيْرِفِتْنَةً وَإِلَيْنَا تُرْجَعُونَ 35
|34. We appointed immorality for no mortal before thee. What! if thou diest, can they be immortal!
35. Every soul must taste of death. And We try you with evil and with good, for ordeal. And unto Us ye will be returned.
|34. Wa maa ja-‘alNaa li-basharim-min- qablikal-khuld. ‘Afa-‘immitta fahumul-khaaliduun.
35. Kullu nafsin- zaaa-‘iqatul-mawt. Wa Nabluu-kum- bishsharri wal-khayri fitnah. Wa ‘ilayNaa turja-‘uun.
It was previously mentioned that Allaah Almighty has created this entire universe with His Divine Power. There was nothing before it. Then the matter appeared, in which all things as the heavens and the earth etc. had been adhered. After that, the matter began to spread by His Command and all the things began to be visible. Water rained from the sky; by which the vegetation was produced. After all, living things were born from the water in due course of time. In the end, the mankind was created; in whom; powers of various sorts appeared and ability of perfect improvement was placed.
In these verses, it has been pointed out that being a Messenger (peace be upon him) is the utmost limit of mankind’s perfection, which is acquired by only special persons. But with regard to natural conditions, the Messenger (peace be upon him) is a mankind also, and because the mortality is for the mankind too like the entire living things, so the Messengers (peace be upon them) also are not excepted from the death. Thought of these people is false that if Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) is a Messenger then he cannot die. And if he (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) died then this entire splendor of Islam would be finished.
In this regard, it is commanded: O Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him)! No mankind remained living perpetually before you. Death and Messenger-hood are not opposite to each other that those may not be gathered. Moreover, they should not be happy for it that “after the death of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), we shall be all in all”. Because when the death did not exempt the Messengers (peace be upon them) then how can they be saved from it? Life and death, good and evil (both) are in the world. The aim from them is mankind’s examination. At the end, all human beings will come unto Us and then they will come to know that “who passed the examination?”
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).