Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Creation of day and night

Quran Chapter 21  31b to 33 (Pt-17, Stg-4) (L-2047) درس قرآن

Creation of day and night

Chapter “The Prophets” – (Suratul‘Ambiyaaa’ – 21)

 ‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in Allaah from Satan the outcast.)


(In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

           وَجَعَلْنَا فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ رَوَٰسِىَ أَن تَمِيدَ بِهِمْ وَجَعَلْنَافِيهَا فِجَاجًا سُبُلًا لَّعَلَّهُمْ يَهْتَدُونَ 31

  وَجَعَلْنَا ٱلسَّمَآءَ سَقْفًا مَّحْفُوظًا وَهُمْ عَنْ ءَايَٰتِهَا مُعْرِضُونَ 32

 وَهُوَ ٱلَّذِى خَلَقَ ٱلَّيْلَ وَٱلنَّهَارَ وَٱلشَّمْسَ وَٱلْقَمَرَ كُلٌّ فِى فَلَكٍ يَسْبَحُونَ 33


31b.  and We have placed therein passageways that haply they may find their way.


32.  And We have made the sky a roof withheld (from them); and yet they turn away from its Portents.


33.  And He it is Who created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. They float, each in an orbit.

31b.  wa  ja-‘alNaa  fiihaa  fijaajan-  subulal-la-‘allahum  yahtaduun.


32.  Wa  ja-‘alNas-samaaa-‘a  saqfam-  mahfuuzaa.  Wa  hum  ‘an  ‘Aayaatihaa  mu’-rizuun.


33.  Wa  Huwallazii  khalaqal-layla  wan-nahaara  wash-shamsa  wal-qamar.  Kullun  fii  falakiny-yasbahuun.




Fijaajun – (open, spacious), this word is plural of fajjun, which means “a pass in the mountains”.


Subulun – (passageways), it is plural of sabiil, which means “a path, road”.


Falakun – (a circle, a ring), in Arabic language; every round thing and circle is called falak. The sun, the moon, stars and planets revolve around their separate orbits.


Yasbahuuna – (they float), this word is from sabaha, which means “to float, to move on own way continuously”.


Allaah Almighty fixed the mountains in the earth like solid and high walls, so that it should remain firm at own place by their weight and firmness. Then among the mountains, He made wide passes and ways, so that for the people, it should be easy to meet with one another and carry their things from one place to the other. He spread the sky overhead like strong and firm roof without any support. There is no fear of its fracture or falling down.


There are uncountable Portents of Allaah’s Omnipotence and Wisdom into the heavens, but the people have turned away from their side, otherwise everything has been describing that it has been created by A Great, Powerful and Wise Creator. In addition, there is a clear proof of the Existence of Allaah Almighty in moving of the sun and the moon at their proper times, constant circle of the day and the night, movement of the planets in their orbits while those do not dash together with one another.


Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).