Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Iblis is enemy of Adam and his descendants

Quran Chapter 20  116 & 117 (Pt-16, Stg-4) (L-2014) درس قرآن

Iblis is enemy of Adam and his descendants

Chapter TAA-HAASurah – 20)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in Allaah from Satan the outcast)


(In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful)

  وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلَٰٓئِكَةِ ٱسْجُدُوا۟ لِءَادَمَ فَسَجَدُوٓا۟ إِلَّآ إِبْلِيسَ أَبَىٰ 116

  فَقُلْنَا يَٰٓـَٔادَمُ إِنَّ هَٰذَا عَدُوٌّ لَّكَ وَلِزَوْجِكَ فَلَايُخْرِجَنَّكُمَا مِنَ ٱلْجَنَّةِ فَتَشْقَىٰٓ 117


116.  And when We said unto the angels: Fall prostrate before Adam, they fell prostrate (all) save Ibliis. He refused.


117.  Therefore We said: O Adam! This is an enemy unto thee and unto thy wife, so let him not drive you both out of the Garden so that thou come to toil.

116.  Wa  ‘iz  qulNaa  lil-malaaa-‘ikatis-juduu  li-‘Aadama  fasa-jaduuu  ‘illaaa  ‘Ibliis.  ‘Abaa.


117.  FaqulNaa  Yaaa-‘Aadamu  ‘inna  haazaa  ‘aduwwul-laka  wa  li-zawjika  falaa  yukhri-jannakumaa  minal-Jannati  fa-tashqaa.




Tashqaa – (you come to toil, you are entangled in calamity/ill-fortune), origin of this word is shiqaaa-‘un, which means “to be entangled in severe difficulty and inconvenience, to fail in getting the desired thing, to be surrounded in intricacies”. The word “shaqaawat” has also come out from the same origin, which means “hard heartedness, misery, disgrace, poverty etc.”


Allaah Almighty, Who is Creator of the universe, brought Adam (peace be upon him) into being and honored him by giving best face and form, sense and strength. Then with this thought that he should not be confused due to loneliness, He created Eve as his wife and life partner. The Angels (peace be upon them) wondered that “what will be function of this independent creature, which has sense and strength? Liberty along with power is cause of all troubles and quarrels”.


Allaah Almighty commanded: Only I know this creature. It is better for you that you should fall prostrate before him. The Angels (peace be upon them) did not refuse. They fell prostrate immediately, but Iblis (Satan) refused from falling prostrate before Adam (peace be upon him) and said: How can it be that I fall prostrate before this statue; made of mud?


At that time, it was commanded: O Adam (peace be upon him)! It is Our decision for you that you along with your wife should be kept in the Garden (Paradise). Therefore you both will live there. But remember it that Iblis (Satan), who did not fall prostrate before you, is your enemy. He will drive you and your wife out of the Garden. If you are dismissed from the Garden then you would have to pass your life with some restrictions. Your physical and spiritual powers will fight against each other and you will be entangled in troubles.


Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).

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