Quran Chapter 20 – 14 to 16 (Pt-16, Stg-4) (L-1972) درس قرآن
Arrangement of the training of Moses
Chapter TAA-HAA – 20
‘A-‘uu-zu Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in Allaah from Satan the outcast)
(In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful)
Here it has been described that from the beginning, We chose Moses (peace be upon him) from the Children of Israel and under Our Security he was brought up in the house of those people who were his enemies and who used to get the sons of Children of Israel killed immediately after birth. Then We arranged to send Moses unto Shuayb (peace be upon them) evasively for his training, where he lived for ten years as a servant. Shuayb (peace be upon him) arranged to wed him with own daughter. After completion of the tenure of service, Moses (peace be upon him) departed along with his wife and the flock of goats. Then We caused to reach them the holy valley and there We Showed him Our special Token, so that he may know his Lord. Such Sign was that We illuminated a green tree with Our Light. And when Moses (peace be upon him) turned his full attention unto that Light, then We instructed him concerning the perfect articles of the faiths.
The tree was used as a telephone. A call was made from it: I am Allaah and you are hearing My Voice. I appointed you My Messenger. Therefore you should have faith that there is no worthy of worship save Me. And believe in it that the Day of Resurrection shall come after death. Moreover, every mankind will be rewarded or punished in accordance with own good or wrong deeds. Therefore, these three faiths were valued:
- Doctrine of (God’s) Oneness.
- Belief in Messenger-hood.
- Belief in the Day of Resurrection.
After that, it is commanded: It is the way of My worship that for My Remembrance; you should establish the prayer timely and regularly.
Then the miracles were bestowed, out of which, two miracles have been mentioned. Behavior with Muhammad, Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) was similar also. He was chosen for Messenger-hood from the people of the entire world and was brought up under Allaah’s Own particular protection. He (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) was not sent for training unto any other. Allaah Almighty trained him Himself by correct inspirations and true dreams. Then He sent down Gabriel (peace be upon him) by making him His Own Token, and by means of him; the Greatest Miracle was bestowed in the form of Holy Qur’an, and offering prayer was instructed.
In the past, the prayer was in any one form from (a) standing position, (b) genuflection position, (c) prostration position and (d) sitting reverentially. The last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) was taught prayer; in which above mentioned all four forms were collected. Beliefs of the Religion were perfected, in which basic faiths were kept the same three – Doctrine of (God’s) Oneness, Belief in Messenger-hood, and Belief in the Day of Resurrection. Remaining all faiths were settled as requisites of these three beliefs.
One purpose of mentioning about Moses and other Prophets (peace be upon them) is that the mankind should understand that all Prophets (peace be upon them) are as rings of one chain and they all taught such religion which basically is one. If there is any difference; that is in details.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).