Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Seclusion from the people

Quran Chapter 19  16 & 17 (Pt-16, Stg-4) (L-1933) درس قرآن

Seclusion from the people

Chapter Maryam (Mary) – 19

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast)


(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful)

وَٱذْكُرْ فِى ٱلْكِتَٰبِ مَرْيَمَ إِذِ ٱنتَبَذَتْ مِنْ أَهْلِهَا مَكَانًا شَرْقِيًّا 16

 فَٱتَّخَذَتْ مِن دُونِهِمْ حِجَابًا فَأَرْسَلْنَآإِلَيْهَا رُوحَنَا فَتَمَثَّلَ لَهَا بَشَرًا سَوِيًّا 17


16.  And make mention of Mary in the Scripture. When she had withdrawn from her people to a chamber looking East-


17.  So she had chosen seclusion from them. Then We sent unto her Our Spirit and it assumed for her the likeness of a perfect man.

16.  Wazkur  fil-Kitaabi  Maryam.  ‘Izin-tabazat  min  ‘ahlihaa  makaanan  Sharqiyyaa.


17.  Fattakhazat  min  duunihim  hijaabaa.  Fa-‘arsalNaaa  ‘ilay-haa  RuuhaNaa  fa-tamassala  lahaa  basharan-  sawiyyaa.




‘In-tabazat – {(she) withdrew (from), was separated}, it is past tense from the word ‘intibaazun, which means “to be separated (from), to live alone”.


Ruuhun – (an Angel), it aims “the Angel named Gabriel (peace be upon him)” who performs important works assigned by Allah Almighty. The Angels (peace be upon them) do not have any kind of physical/sexual desire. So they are called “the Spirit”.


Sawiyyun – (perfect, complete), this word has passed earlier. Here it aims “whole, perfect and sound, without any deficiency”. The Angels meet with mankind in the same form i.e. as a perfect man.


Mention of Mary (peace be upon her) has passed before it in Surah ‘Aali ‘Imraan (Chapter “the Children of Imran”). Her work was naught but worship of Allah almighty only, because her mother had made a vow. According to custom of those days, she used to remain engaged in the remembrance of Allah almighty with effect from her childhood. When she became young then she was embodied picture of chastity and modesty. She became pregnant by the Command of Allah Almighty without touching by any male mankind and on completion of prescribed period; Jesus (peace be upon him) was born from her womb. Mention of Mary (peace be upon her) is necessary in this Scripture, so that the people may be saved from misunderstanding. After being adult, Mary (peace be upon her) went into a separate abode from other people for taking bath, and she drew the curtain between other members of her family. At that time, Angel Gabriel (peace be upon him) appeared before her in perfect human form, who was sent by Allah Almighty.


Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).