Lessons from Holy Qur'an

A pillow in the plight

Quran Chapter 18  16 (Pt-15, Stg-4) (L-1865) درس قرآن

A pillow in the plight

Chapter Kahf (The Cave) – 18

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful)

وَإِذِ ٱعْتَزَلْتُمُوهُمْ وَمَايَعْبُدُونَ إِلَّا ٱللَّهَ فَأْوُۥٓا۟ إِلَى ٱلْكَهْفِ يَنشُرْ لَكُمْ رَبُّكُم مِّن رَّحْمَتِهِۦ وَيُهَيِّئْ لَكُم مِّنْ أَمْرِكُم مِّرْفَقًا 16

 

16.  And when ye have withdrawn from them and that which they worship except Allah, then seek refuge in the Cave; your Lord will spread for you of His Mercy and will prepare for you a pillow in your plight. 16.  Wa  ‘izi’-tazaltumuuhum  wa  maa  ya’-buduuna  ‘illAllaaha  fa’-wuuu  ‘ilal-Kahfi  yanshur  lakum  Rabbukum-mir-RahmatiHii  wa  yuhayyi’-  lakum-min  ‘amrikum—mirfaqaa.

 

Commentary

 

‘I’-tazaltumuuhum – (you have withdrawn from them), it is past tense from the word ‘i’-tazaal, which means “to withdraw and be separate. Origin of this word is ‘azal, which means “to separate”. From the same, a word “ma’-zuul” has been derived which means “deposed, dismissed, and degraded etc.” ‘I’-tazaal means “to be disconnected”. Mu’-tazilah has come out from the same also which means “the sect which has been separated”.

 

Mirfaq – (a pillow in plight, advantage, gain, profit), this word has been made from rafaqa, which means “respite, facility, ease”. Mirfaq means “the thing or condition which provides relief.

 

The companions of the Cave were servants of the King who used to compel the people to bow down prostrate before him. They refused to fall prostrate before him and asked Allah Almighty for help. They began to say one to another mutually: While you have been separated from your infidel folk and their idols openly then you should go and abide in that Cave which is in the mountains. Allah Almighty will send down His Mercy upon you and produce such circumstances that you will feel convenience and out of the reach of this cruel King. They all did think so and after counseling mutually; they went into the Cave. There, drowsiness spread upon them and after lying down those all went to sleep.

 

Other servants of the King tried their best to search the companions but they could not find them. At last they returned in vain.

 

About the religion of those companions, there are different opinions of the people. Some of them say that they were Christians, but others say that it was happened very earlier than Prophet Jesus (peace be upon him)*. However, Holy Qur’an informs that they were Believers of Allah Almighty. It is useless to speak about their religion. We should learn only from their story that the people who incline unto Allah Almighty wholeheartedly; leaving all others, worship Him only and also ask Him only for help, certainly Allah Almighty helps them.

 

*(It has been proved that this incident was happened during, before or after 150 AD) Reference: “Hakiimul Ummat”, Second Edition, Page 415, written by: Mawlana Abdul Majid Darya-badi.

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).

Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Forging a lie against the Creator

Quran Chapter 18  15 (Pt-15, Stg-4) (L-1864) درس قرآن

Forging a lie against the Creator

Chapter Kahf (The Cave) – 18

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful)

هَٰٓؤُلَآءِ قَوْمُنَا ٱتَّخَذُوا۟ مِن دُونِهِۦٓ ءَالِهَةً لَّوْلَا يَأْتُونَ عَلَيْهِم بِسُلْطَٰنٍۭ بَيِّنٍ فَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّنِ ٱفْتَرَىٰ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ كَذِبًا 15

 

15.  These, our people, have chosen (other) gods beside Him though they bring no clear warrant (vouchsafed) to them. Then who doth greater wrong than he who forges a lie against Allah? 15.  Haaa-‘ulaaa-‘i  qawmunat-takhazuu  min-  duu-niHiii  ‘aalihah.  Law-laa  ya’-tuuna  ‘alayhim  bi-sultaanim-bayyin.  Fa-man  ‘azlamu  mimma-niftaraa  ‘alAllaahi  kazibaa.  

 

Commentary

 

Sultaan – (strong proof, warrant, authority, a document).

 

‘Iftaraa – {(they) forged}, it means “to lift up any false, self-fabricated thing”.

 

After it they said: Behold our folk! They have been dull of understanding that they adore lifeless idols, leaving Allah Who is such Omnipotent that He brings up the entire living beings, provides every thing to every needy with His kindness, there is no end of Whose generosity, Whose pity and bounty is countless and unlimited. They do not have any proof of infidelity and belief in a plurality of God Almighty.

 

Those people who believe in Allah Almighty, have clear and a great proof of it that God is only One. The proof is that “every that thing seems helpless whatsoever we see. Neither any living thing can live with own will and nor can die itself, neither can grow and nor can go down at its own. In such condition, having expectation that these helpless creatures will help someone, which do not have any power of moving even a little, is contrary to the human sense.

 

The actual matter is that their trifling vision and baseless thoughts have seized their sense and entangled them in absurd imaginations. They have considered that this entirely baseless matter is real. Though, their sense itself will depose clearly, if fortunately it comes out from the confusions of false imaginations, that it is a lie to make any lifeless thing adored beside Allah Almighty. Then who will be greater violent than them?

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).