Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Shadows incline and decline

Quran Chapter 16  48 (Pt-14, Stg-3) (L-1721) درس قرآن

Shadows incline and decline

Suratun-Nahl – (The Bee) – 16

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast)

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful)

    أَوَلَمْ يَرَوْا۟ إِلَىٰ مَاخَلَقَ ٱللَّهُ مِن شَىْءٍ يَتَفَيَّؤُا۟ ظِلَٰلُهُۥ عَنِ ٱلْيَمِينِ وَٱلشَّمَآئِلِ سُجَّدًا لِّلَّهِ وَهُمْ دَٰخِرُونَ 48


48.  Have they not observed all things that Allah hath created, how their shadows incline to the right and to the left, making prostration unto Allah, and they are lowly? 48.  ‘Awa  lam  yaraw  ‘ilaa  maa  khalaqAllaahu  min-  shay-‘iny-yata-fayya-‘u  zilaaluhuu  ‘anil-  yamiini  wash-shamaaa-‘ili  sujjadal-Lillaahi  wa  hum  daakhiruun.




Yata-fayya-‘u – (they incline), origin of this word is fai-‘un. Fai-‘un means – the shadows which incline after post meridian.


Zilaaluhuu – (their shadows), this word is plural of zillun. Zillun means – a shadow which is during anti meridian. The same shadow becomes fai-‘un after post meridian.


Daakhiruun – (lowly, humble, mean), it is plural of daakhir, which is the subject and have been derived from the word Dakhara. Dakhara means – obeying someone else being helpless. A word which has the same meaning, is saagiruuna, has passed in Suratut-Tawbah.


It has been commanded in this verse: O heedless people! Have you ever seen to the shadow? The shadow of everything rises in the morning and then it begins to decrease. It firms in the meridian and then when the sun begins to set, it begins to incline again. In all such conditions it lies down on the earth. Some times it moves to the right and some times to the left. Its forehead lasts every time before Allah Almighty.


Is it not sufficient to cause to know the people that even this shadow too does not turn away a little from the Divine Law? Moreover, the things, shadows of which make prostration in obedience of Allah Almighty, are helpless before Him. And those things are unable to slide hither or thither even a little from His that Law, which He has fixed for them. Is this lowly and baseness not a proof of the Existence of Allah Almighty Who is the Strongest and Omnipotent? Concluding only this by looking the things that “these are for our eating, these places are for our living and these are ready to serve us” is our foolishness. We have to know Allah Almighty by reflecting into them.


Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).