Quran Chapter 16 – 22 & 23 (Pt-14, Stg-3) (L-1702) درس قرآن
Arrogance of Satan
Suratun-Nahl – (The Bee) – 16
‘A-‘uu-zu Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast)
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful)
إِلَٰهُكُمْ إِلَٰهٌ وَٰحِدٌ فَٱلَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِٱلْءَاخِرَةِ قُلُوبُهُم مُّنكِرَةٌ وَهُم مُّسْتَكْبِرُونَ 22
لَا جَرَمَ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ يَعْلَمُ مَا يُسِرُّونَ وَمَا يُعْلِنُونَ إِنَّهُۥلَا يُحِبُّ ٱلْمُسْتَكْبِرِينَ 23
In the previous lesson, the arrogance (Takabbar) has been condemned strongly. It prevents the mankind from doing good works. Moreover, Allah Almighty does not like the proud person. Satan did not bow before Adam (peace be upon him), whereas it was commanded to him by Allah Almighty that he should prostrate. It was the only reason that he considered himself superior to Adam (peace be upon him). It is called pride. Due to haughtiness, Satan disobeyed the Command of Allah Almighty and was determined as “Outcast and Accursed” for ever.
It has also been mentioned in the verse that the pride arises into the mankind when he does not believe in the Hereafter. Disbelief in the Day of Resurrection means that “any wrongdoer will not be punished whether he commits any evil”. If this thought is fixed in the heart, then its consequence would be that such person would consider himself most superior and say: I am most powerful, so I should do what I can before death.
On this account, he begins to give importance to his strength and powers. He considers that other all people are nothing before him. If someone desires to advise him, he becomes ready to disgrace him. Such kind of person cannot believe in Allah Almighty, because if he would believe then he would have to be bound of His Commandment. Whereas he does not want to abide by the instructions from anyone else save to follow own desires.
But it is understood from the above mentioned verse, as well as from other verses, narratives and Sayings (‘Ahaadith) also that every pride is not censured. But there is such a pride, which is called “self restraining”. The word “takabbar” has been derived from kibr. Kibr means “grandeur, pride, greatness”. Which pride keeps off any person from accepting the Truth and the Just, and it excites to deprive the rights of the people, that pride is the worst and it is against the mankind’s worthy of dignity in all respect.
But that pride which prevents a person from evils and disgraceful works, and forbids him from bowing before oppressors and wrongdoers, that is plaudit-able. We name such pride as “self-restraining, civility and self-respect etc.” and some people say that it is selfishness because the word “pride” is usually used in bad meanings.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).