Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Reason of Satan’s disobedience


Quran Chapter 15  30 to 33 (Pt-14, Stg-3) (L-1667) درس قرآن

Reason of Satan’s disobedience

Surah ‘Al-Hijr – (The Rocky Tract) – 15

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful)

فَسَجَدَ ٱلْمَلَٰٓئِكَةُ كُلُّهُمْ أَجْمَعُونَ 30

إِلَّآ إِبْلِيسَ أَبَىٰٓ أَن يَكُونَ مَعَ ٱلسَّٰجِدِينَ 31

قَالَيَٰٓإِبْلِيسُ مَا لَكَ أَلَّا تَكُونَ مَعَ ٱلسَّٰجِدِينَ 32

قَالَ لَمْ أَكُن لِّأَسْجُدَ لِبَشَرٍ خَلَقْتَهُۥ مِن صَلْصَٰلٍ مِّنْ حَمَإٍ مَّسْنُونٍ 33

30.  So the angels fell prostrate, all of them together-

 

31.  Save Iblis. He refused to be among the prostrate.

 

32.  He said: O Iblis! What aileth thee that thou art not among the prostrate?

 

33.  He said: I am not going to prostrate myself unto a mortal whom Thou hast created out of potter’s clay of black stinking mud!

30.  Fasajadal-malaaa-‘ikatu  kulluhum  ‘ajma-‘uuna.

 

31.  ‘Illaa  ‘Ibliis.  ‘Abaaa  ‘any-yakuuna  ma-‘as-Saa-jidiin.

 

32.  Qaala  yaaa-‘Ibliisu  maa  laka  ‘allaa  takuuna  ma-‘as-Saa-jidiin.

 

33.  Qaala  lam  ‘akul-li-‘asjuda  li-basharin  khalaq-Ta-huu  min  salsaalim-min  hama-‘im-masnuun.

 

Commentary

 

When that body of mud (idol of Adam) became correct and Allah Almighty breathed of His Spirit into it, then the entire Angels fell prostrate, all of them together, according to His commandment, but Iblis (Satan), who was from the genealogy of Jinn, and due to his obedience and worship, was admitted in the Angels, He refused to be among the prostrate unto Adam.

 

Allah Almighty asked from him: O Iblis! What is the reason that you did not obey My commandment, while you were admitted in the class of Angels due to your obedience, and you did not fall down, prostrating yourself along with Angels unto Adam? Iblis replied: How can I fall prostrate before this inferior creature? You have created him before me out of potter’s clay of black stinking mud. How can I accept him superior to me?

 

Cursed Iblis did not understand that his first duty was to obey the commandment of his Creator and Lord. After the decisive Order of the Lord, any servant has no power to wrangle or disobey His Command.

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).

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