Lessons from Holy Qur'an

May Allah forgive you!

Quran Chapter 12  91 & 92 (Pt-13, Stg-3) (L-1538) – درس قرآن

May Allah forgive you!

Surah Yuusuf (Joseph) – 12

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)


(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

قَالُوا۟ تَٱللَّهِ لَقَدْ ءَاثَرَكَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيْنَا وَإِن كُنَّا لَخَٰطِـِٔينَ (91

  قَالَ لَا تَثْرِيبَ عَلَيْكُمُ ٱلْيَوْمَ يَغْفِرُ ٱللَّهُ لَكُمْ وَهُوَ أَرْحَمُ ٱلرَّٰحِمِينَ (92

91.  They said: By Allah, verily Allah hath preferred thee above us, and we were indeed sinful.


92.  He said: Have no fear this day! May Allah forgive you, and He is the Most Merciful of those who show mercy.

91.  Qaaluu  tAllaahi  laqad  ‘aa-sara-kAllaahu  ‘alay-naa  wa  ‘in  kunnaa  la-khaati-‘iin.


92.  Qaala  laa  tas-riiba  ‘alay-kumul-yawm.  Yagfi-rUllaahu  lakum,  wa  Huwa  ‘Arhamur-raahimiin.      




‘Aa-sara – (preferred), it is a past tense from the word ‘iisaar, which has been derived from ‘asara. ‘Asara means “a badge, sign, token”. It aims “to signify someone by a token of own likeness, to prefer, to choose, to adopt”.


Tas-riiba – (reproof, reprimand), origin of this word is saraba, which means “to accuse, to defame, to speak ill of, to reproach”.


Brothers of Joseph (peace be upon them) were not able to say something to Him, and they bowed their heads before Joseph (peace be upon them) being ashamed, they accepted that they were blameworthy at fault and sinful. They swore and announced of their faith that Allah Almighty preferred him from them and made him rich with His rewards and dignities.


Joseph (peace be upon them) said: What was to happen, has happened. You should not fear now. Whatsoever was committed by you, that happened either due to your ignorance or on the ground of any powerful passion or complaint. My heart is clear from your side. I give you the same respect, which is required to be for elder brothers. Today, you will not be asked about previous matters. May Allah Almighty forgive you. He is the Most Merciful. There is none who may show mercy equal to Him.



Being impressive from the distress of brothers, Joseph (peace be upon them) did not say to them clearly that, “I forgive you”, because the little do not use to say to their elders so, but by saying that, “Have no fear this day!” He (peace be upon them) regarded and showed His politeness before them.


Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).