Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Promise and menace by Joseph

Quran Chapter 12  63 (Pt-13, Stg-3) (L-1519) – درس قرآن

Promise and menace by Joseph

Surah Yuusuf (Joseph) – 12

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)


(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

فَلَمَّا رَجَعُوٓا۟ إِلَىٰٓ أَبِيهِمْ قَالُوا۟ يَٰٓأَبَانَا مُنِعَ مِنَّا ٱلْكَيْلُ فَأَرْسِلْ مَعَنَآ أَخَانَا نَكْتَلْ وَإِنَّا لَهُۥ لَحَٰفِظُونَ (63


63.  So when they went back to their father they said: O our father! The measure is denied us, so send with us our brother that we may obtain the measure, surely we will guard him well. 63.  Fa-lammaa  raja-‘uuu  ‘ilaaa  ‘abiihim  qaaluu  yaaa  ‘abaanaa  muni-‘a  minnal-kaylu  fa-‘arsil  ma-‘anaaa  ‘akhaa-naa  nak-tal  ‘innaa  lahuu  la-haafi-zuun.    




Nak-tal – (we may obtain the measure), origin of this word is ‘ik-ti-yaal, which has been derived from the word kay-la. Kay-la means “to measure”. ‘Ik-ti-yaal means to obtain duly measured”.


Prophet Joseph (peace be upon him) arranged in all respect that they should bring His brother Binyamin.


  • First of all; He promised that grain’s full measure of the portion of their brother will be provided.


  • Secondly, He (peace be upon him) menaced them also in these worlds: Don’t think of coming unto Me if you do not bring your brother.


  • Thirdly, He (peace be upon him) returned their merchandise silently and secretly.


The brothers could say only at the time of hearing the promise and menace from Joseph (peace be upon him): We shall try our best to prepare our father that He should send Binyamin with us.


It is commanded that as soon as they reached their father, they caused to hear him the first news: Our father! No grain will be given to us in future. The ruler of Egypt has said clearly: Bring your brother along with yourselves, whom you have left behind at home, when you come again next time, otherwise you will not be provided the corn. So, send our brother with us in our next round. We will guard him fully. The brothers were much influenced by the promise and menace of Joseph (peace be upon him), so they did not delay in presenting the matter before Jacob (peace be upon him). It is obvious that they would have told their father at first that the ruler of Egypt {Joseph (peace be upon him)} is a very good entertainer; who is very munificent and receives the guests warmly. Jacob (peace be upon him) would have seen, to and fro, the camels; loaded with saddlebags full of grain also. In short, they would have prepared well the situation for presenting their application, so that their father should recommend their request without hesitation. Along with it they said too: Now; we have not been carrying our brother for supports, therefore, there is no reason of negligence. During journey, we would have no work but “Safety” only.


Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).