Quran Chapter 11-9 (Pt-12, Stg-3) (L-1350) – درس قرآن
Examining through poverty and hardship
Surah Huud (Hud) – 11
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
|9. And if We cause man to taste some Mercy from Us and afterward withdraw it from him, lo! He is despairing, thankless.||9. Wa la-‘in ‘azaq-Nal-‘insaana minnaa Rahmatan- summa naza’-Naahaa minh. ‘Innahuu laya-‘uusun- kafuur.|
Laya-‘uusun – (despairing), this word is an adjective from yaas. Yaas means “to lose hope, to be hopeless. The person who loses his hope; is called ya-‘uus.
We can guess about the Divine Power of Allah Almighty from it that He created this entire world and completed it step by step. Then He explained about the purpose of the world’s creation, that this entire work of God Almighty has been established to try the human beings. Here; he will continue working during his all worldly life and then die. After death, he will be brought to life again and will be punished or given reward; fruit of his wicked or good deeds.
In this verse and the verse after it, a map of his natural weakness has been drawn. If he did not take precautions against his weakness; then there is a fear of his failure in the examination.
Summary of it is that he remains overjoyed during good condition, but whenever he feels any confusion (whether that confusion or perplexity is very ordinary), he is embarrassed immediately. Despair spreads over him and he begins to think about Allah Almighty with false notions, even he reaches to such degree that disbelieves in Him. These are signs of failure in the examination.
It has often been observed that the man believes in Allah Almighty during prosperity and thanks Him that He gave him wealth and property; and remains happy, but as soon as he reaps a little disadvantage, begins to cry immediately and say: that has happened which was to be. Then neither he establishes prayer, nor thanks God Almighty and nor any passion in worship. Moreover, the words of thankless begin to come out from his mouth.
This all is result of it that he does not have correct concept of the things which were described before it. He does not know true purpose of the world’s creation. Condition of this world is changed from time to time, so he should understand it thoroughly that the aim from these revolutionary changes is “testing his belief, patience and stability”. Prosperity and wealth is only for the cause that Allah Almighty tries His caliph on the earth (mankind) that “how he uses them”. He observes also during poverty and hardship that “whether does he stand firm even in this situation or otherwise”? All conditions of the world are accidental.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/XUIkwyE5fec