Lesson # 1115 from Holy Qur-’aan
Clear Command about asking forgiveness
Surah ‘TAWBAH or BARAAA-‘AH (REPENTANCE) – Chapter – 9)
Stage – 2, Verse – 80 of 129, Section – 10 of 16 (Part – 10)
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
|80. Ask forgiveness for them (O Muhammad), or ask not forgiveness for them; though thou ask forgiveness for them seventy times Allah will not forgive them. That is because they disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger. And Allah guideth not wrongdoing folk.||80. ‘Istagfir lahum ‘aw laa tas-tagfir lahum. ‘In tastagfir lahum sab-’iina marratan falany-yagfi-rAllaahu lahum. Zaalika bi-‘annahum kafaruu Billaahi wa RasuuliH. Wallaahu laa yahdil- qawmal-faasiqiin.|
The Hypocrites molested the Muslims very much in Madinah. These unlucky people used to stir the public against Islam. But whenever they were asked, they used to belie clearly. It was far from the manners of Allah’s Messenger (SallAllaahu alayHi wa AaliHii Wasallam) that he would have punished someone due to only doubt; without proof.
At last, when their evil techniques crossed the line, then it was revealed in the Holy Qur-‘aan for information about their (Hypocrites) wicked deeds. Therefore, mention about their impostures and iniquities have been running with effect from previous verses. In this verse, it is indicated that the Messenger (SallAllaahu alayHi wa AaliHii Wasallam) should reduce social relationship with them.
It is commanded that their evil habits have crossed the line. Supplication for their forgiveness is useless. They have been accursed by Heaven. If you ask forgiveness for them seventy times, even then Allah Almighty will not forgive them. What; if they claim before you that they are Muslims, they do not believe in their hearts. Neither they believe in Allah Almighty, nor in the Messenger (SallAllaahu alayHi wa AaliHii Wasallam). They disobey the Commands of God Almighty fearless, and as soon as they go out of screen, deny the Messenger (SallAllaahu alayHi wa AaliHii Wasallam) publicly. While their hearts do not believe in Allah Almighty and His Messenger (SallAllaahu alayHi wa AaliHii Wasallam), then which thing can prevent them from arrogance in Their Grace. God Almighty does not show Guidance to those people who disobey His Commands fearless.
The Commentators explain that Messenger (SallAllaahu alayHi wa AaliHii Wasallam) understood from this verse that it has been indicated that interaction with the Hypocrites should be reduced. Even then, when after revelation of this verse, Abdullah bin Ubayy died, the Messenger (SallAllaahu alayHi wa AaliHii Wasallam) prayed for his forgiveness and offered his funeral prayer.
Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) caused to draw attention of the Messenger (SallAllaahu alayHi wa AaliHii Wasallam) towards this verse. He (SallAllaahu alayHi wa AaliHii Wasallam) said: It is Will of Allah Almighty, forgive him or otherwise. I have not been prevented clearly, therefore, being a Muslim, I ask forgiveness for him. Then another verse was revealed; in which, it was prevented clearly. After that, Messenger of Allah Almighty (SallAllaahu alayHi wa AaliHii Wasallam) asked never forgiveness for the Hypocrites.
Transliterated Holy Qur’aan in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)