Lessons from Holy Qur'an

A short view of this Chapter – 2

Lesson # 1032 from Noble Quran

A short view of this Chapter – 2

Surah ‘ANFAAL (SPOILS OF WAR) – Chapter – 8)

Stage – 2, Verse – 75 of 75, Section – 10 of 10 (Part – 10)

BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

Lesson

If we see the narration from this point of view, it appears that this religion is natural, because such person, who is not usurped by external influences, chooses it automatically. Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) went on this Path Himself. The Revelation of Holy Qur’an verified and authenticated it, and saved it in words and composition for ever. Those people who do not consider the Hadith necessary, which describes about the Practice of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) only, they should meditate that Holy Qur’an has not created any religion. It says about those matters as correct; which were in the practice of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), and produces Rules and Regulations of His organization. Therefore, at first we should save the established Practice of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), and that is only His (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) Sayings (Hadith). And that can be saved and kept in its original form only through practice by the people of all times regularly. Accordingly, by the Grace of God Almighty, that is safe with both methods. The source of knowing about its correctness is Holy Qur’an. And during every era, it has been renewed and corrected in the light of Holy Qur’an and this practice will be continued. Holy Qur’an does not produce any new thing. It supports and manages the same religion, which is adopted by a perfect mankind Himself.

 

The people of Makkah believed that Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) was a perfect mankind, but when Holy Qur’an said: Obey and submit that perfect mankind, then it was very troublesome for them. Their vision was not so broad that they would have chosen the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) as their chieftain and obtained the pride of being a Guide of human beings.

 

Messenger of God Almighty said to them: Let Me preach for this Religion independently, whether you accept it or otherwise. But whosoever desires to accept it, let him do so. They did not agree even to this. At last, it became necessary to separate the both groups – the title of Believer was given to that individual who accepted the invitation of this religion, whereas that person was named “Disbeliever/Infidel” who did not accept. So, in this manner, two big groups came into existence for ever.  

Then Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) immigrated to Madinah, and those Muslims who got this opportunity they reached there also with Him. In the second year of immigration, the Battle of Badr was fought; the necessity of compiling the Rules and Regulations regarding war was felt. If the people of Makkah had been straight; then there was no need of it. At that time, this Chapter of Holy Qur’an was revealed. The Battle of Badr was named as Furqaan (the Battle, which distinguished and separated the Truth from the falsehood); and it was told that due to stubbornness of the people of Makkah, the people have been divided today in two main communities i.e. Believers and Disbelievers. Which group is before you, that is united upon enmity with you and they think that they are organized. Opposite to them, you should be organized too. If they rejected the freedom of the religion, then, it is as they established the root of persecution and disturbance in the world. You should organize yourselves for disjoining the root of mischief, confusion and corruption.

 

Subject method has been described in this Surah in detail. According to this organization, a primary society was established in Madinah and that society began its work with effect from the Battle of Badr. And consequently, they conquered Makkah slowly and gradually.

 

It is obvious from the method of revealing the Holy Qur’an that Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and His Companion Muslims (may Allah be pleased with Them) used to organize a way of practice according to the occasion on the foundation of human nature. Then they used to wait for confirmation by the Revelation from God Almighty or Command of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). After confirmation, they used to begin their work. The confirmation was often according to the opinion of the Chieftain of the Messengers (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), His sincere and faithful Companions (may Allah be pleased with Them). Or it was corrected by amendment and cancellation.

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Pak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)

673

Lessons from Holy Qur'an

A short view of this Chapter – 1

Lesson # 1031 from Noble Quran

A short view of this Chapter – 1

Surah ‘ANFAAL (SPOILS OF WAR) – Chapter – 8)

Stage – 2, Verse – 75 of 75, Section – 10 of 10 (Part – 10)

BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

Lesson

Lessons from Surah ‘Anfaal are over. Before going ahead, we should have to look concise into it and think: What does it teach us?

 

It is the actual aim of Islam that the entire human beings of the world should be gathered in one community and established their fundamental thoughts at one point. The life of Muhammad, Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) in Makkah, His conduct with the people and Chapters of Holy Qur’an; revealed in Makkah (all) support the same thing. In the terms of circumstances, His life in Makkah was not eminent from the life of common people. His employments and engagements for getting the necessities of life were the same as of the people of that period; for example; labor, working, grazing the cattle or trade etc.

 

However, He (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) behaved the people in such a way which can be of any most noble person of the world. Meeting every individual with open heart, neither deceiving and nor cheating anyone, taking care of the relatives, looking after the poor, widows and orphans, helping those who are in trouble, control over wishes, being a human; regard of self-respect, dignity and honor in all conditions, trying to fix the dignity of mankind by understanding it well, to hate those works which are against the humanity, not to bow humbly before anything of the world; and consider that the human being is superior to all creatures and that: the head can be bowed before Him only Who is most Superior to the human being (Creator of the entire universe), trust and good-well – these all things had taken place in His (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) nature. And such habits which have been settled down in the heart; are called Khulq (philanthropy, civility and hospitality). Khulq can be good as well as bad also. But His (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) all manners were best. When inspiration of Holy Qur’an began, it supported these good habits too; which had become His (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) Khulq. And the truth is that mutual misunderstanding of the human beings can be removed by adopting these habits. The people of Makkah accepted that He (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) was at the highest stage in the terms of Khulq.

 

Anyhow, the people of Makkah could not agree upon the teachings of Holy Qur’an, and they sacrificed the benefits of common people upon their a little personal benefit. It is understandable here that human religion is not filled in with force, but it arises from within the mankind. A perfect man runs upon that way naturally which has been fixed for the humankind according to his anatomy. The Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) chose that way Himself from His child-hood, which was in accordance with the human religion.

 

Therefore, the religion is the same, which Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) produced before the world by means of His habits, sayings and deeds, as though; He (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) had already chosen the way of religion on His own accord before the revelation of Holy Qur’an and hated those things which are against the human religion.

 

When His (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) religion became matured, manners were manifested clearly and all people gave evidence that He was the best mankind, then revelation of Holy Qur’an was begun, and that Path on which Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) was going; and those manners which He had adopted, Holy Qur’an saved them in words for ever, and the Way of His deeds was clarified and determined. And the seal of certification was affixed on His morals and habits.

 

It is proved by the verse of Holy Qur’an’Innaka  la-‘alaa  khuluqin  ‘aziim (You are found on a very brilliant philanthropy). And it is known also from His (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) Saying that someone asked from Aishah (may God be pleased with Her): Describe something about the Khulq of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). She (may God be pleased with Her) answered: His (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) Khulq is Holy Qur’an. And it is proved from the verse ‘Atii-‘Ullaaha wa ‘atii-‘ur-Rasuula and many other verses of Holy Qur’an like this; that Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) was already firm on the religion and the human philanthropy (Khulq). The Word of God Almighty attested and certified it, and strengthened His Belief (Iman) and commanded: Organize your deeds now from this Scripture. That Path on which You are going, is Straight and True.

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Pak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)

664

Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Nearer kinsmen and distant relatives

Lesson # 1030 from Noble Quran

Nearer kinsmen and distant relatives

Surah ‘ANFAAL (SPOILS OF WAR) – Chapter – 8)

Stage – 2, Verse – 75 of 75, Section – 10 of 10 (Part – 10)

BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

75.  And those who afterwards believed and left their homes and strove along with you, they are of you; and those who are akin are nearer to one another in the ordinance of Allah. Lo! Allah is Knower of all things.          75.  Walla-ziina  ‘aamanuu  mim-ba’-du  wa  haa-jaruu  wa  jaahaduu  ma-‘akum  fa-‘ulaaa-‘ika  minkum.  Wa  ‘ulul-‘arhaami  ba’-zuhum  ‘awlaa  bi-ba’-zin-  fii  Kitaa-bIllaah.  ‘InnAllaaha  bi-kulli  shay-‘in  ‘Aliim.  

Lesson

It has been described in this verse that; those people who entered in Islam afterwards and believed, immigrated, came to Madinah and joined the earlier immigrants, helped them in their works and participated in their attempts and strife, they all are brothers one of another. Their internal and external relations are the same as of yours.

 

As if, the near relatives of previous immigrants come after accepting Islam and immigration, then they would be heirs of their relatives, and according to the Scripture of Allah Almighty (Holy Qur’an), which portion of kinsmen has been prescribed in the hereditary; the property of the dead person will be divided into them. Due to new brother-hood (among immigrants and inhabitants), they will not be deprived. A heritage will be distributed between the new brother-hood till such time; the actual kinsmen do not reach their relatives in Madinah after immigration. When they arrived at Madinah, then their right is at first priority in the portion of the deceased’s property. The legacy of the dead immigrant will be distributed among them only.

 

Everything is in the Knowledge of God Almighty, He knows it also that how the heritage should be divided and whose right is antecedent. On the basis of His Knowledge; He determined heirs of one another to the immigrants and the inhabitants (Muhajiriin and Ansaar) due to brotherhood.

 

After that, when kinsmen of the immigrants reached Madinah after immigration and joined them, then the original law about legacy was regularized. Therefore, the property of the dead person will be distributed in accordance with that law. And then; no one was authorized to decrease or increase any portion of heritage. However, if that individual, who is at the death’s door, does act of kindness with someone, he is entitled to do so up to one-third portion of his property. More than this portion of his last will; will be corrected and distributed according to the religious law.

 

‘Ulul-‘arhaami – (kinsmen, relatives), it is plural of zo-rihm. Rihm means “the womb, matrices, relations by the mother’s side”. Here; the aim from ‘ulul-‘arhaam  is “those entire near relatives whose portion has been prescribed in the property of the person who has died and those who are given remaining property after distributing the portions to rightful heirs”. Those relatives and kinsmen are also called Zawil-‘arhaam. First kind of people is called Zawil-furuuz and the second is ‘Asbah. Actual aim from this verse is “these entire relatives”.

 

According to the terminology of the Jurisprudence (Fiqah), those relatives have been included in ‘ulul-‘arhaam too; who are not Zawil-furuuz or ‘Asbah. The detail about their portion or right in the heritage has been mentioned in the Books of Fiqah. Instructions about them can be known from there.  

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Pak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)

655

Lessons from Holy Qur'an

God knows that who is Believer and who is not

Lesson # 1029 from Noble Quran

God knows that who is Believer and who is not

Surah ‘ANFAAL (SPOILS OF WAR) – Chapter – 8)

Stage – 2, Verse – 74 of 75, Section – 10 of 10 (Part – 10)

BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

74.  And those who believed and left their homes and strove for the Cause of Allah, and those who took them in and helped them – these are the believers in truth. For them is pardon, and bountiful provision.         74.  Walla-ziina  ‘aamanuu  wa  haa-jaruu  wa  jaahaduu  fii  Sabii-LIllaahi  walla-ziina  ‘aawaw-wa  nasaruuu  ‘ulaaa-‘ika  humul-Mu’-mi-nuuna  haqqaa.  Lahum-mag-firatunw-wa  rizqun-  Kariim.   

Lesson

Islam means subjection and obedience. That person is a Muslim who, whenever is commanded to perform any good work, obeys immediately. Condition of one’s heart is not under discussion. Whosoever became obedient and submissive to the Commands of God Almighty and Sayings of His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), became Muslim.

 

It comes out from this discussion that the individual who lived like Muslims and adopted the manners of own life as of the Muslims, from which; apparently no difference is seemed between the Muslims and that person, we shall also count him/her a Muslim under outward law. And we shall treat him/her as other Muslims.

 

It is duty of the Muslim society to keep the traditions and customs correct collectively. In all conditions, anyhow; that person will be considered a Muslim who accepts them. If false traditions and customs have been established, then entire community is responsible for it collectively. Only that person cannot be criticized who accepted. It is sufficient for making him/her a Muslim who accepted them.

 

However, that individual is higher in rank who believed wholeheartedly and admitted sincerely. Some fortunate people get this belief in the beginning sometimes, but maximum people attain such belief sometime more and sometime less gradually, running on outward instructions of Islam, and it can be recognized by means of some tokens and signs, which are mentioned in the Sayings (Ahaadith) of Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). This Belief, Certainty and Confidence is called Iman.

 

Some people are so much fortunate that Holy Qur’an has admitted their Belief and Fidelity, and has verified clearly that they are Believers. Besides this, the proof regarding some people exists that they are Believers and Heavenly; according to the Sayings of Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). Others people are filed in Islam but it is not in our power to say about them that they are certainly Believers. In whom we observe the signs of Belief in accord with the Commands of Allah Almighty and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), we can presume only that they are Believers.

 

The Muslims, who immigrated from Makkah (Muhaajiriin) and inhabitants of Madinah (Ansaar) are called in this verse that in truth they are Believers, because immigrants sacrificed their lives, kin and everything for the Cause of God Almighty, whereas inhabitants of Madinah took them in and helped them in all respect.

 

Those people who say that condition of the belief of every individual is the same, neither it increases and nor decreases, aim of them from Iman (Belief) is Islam, relation of which is with outward deeds. Remaining people who are convinced that the Belief increases as well as decreases, aim of them from the Belief is such internal certainty which cannot be known by any other except Allah Almighty.

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Pak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)

630

Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Every individual has a right to change own life

Lesson # 1028 from Noble Quran

Every individual has a right to change own life

Surah ‘ANFAAL (SPOILS OF WAR) – Chapter – 8)

Stage – 2, Verse – 73 of 75, Section – 10 of 10 (Part – 10)

BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

73.  And those who disbelieve are protectors one of another. If ye do not do so, there will be confusion in the land, and great corruption.        73.  Walla-ziina  kafaruu  ba’-zuhum  ‘awli-yaaa-‘u  ba’-z.  ‘Illaa  taf-‘aluuna  takun-  fitnatun-  fil-‘arzi  wa  fasaadun-  kabiir.

Lesson

It is commanded that those people who do not believe, become ready immediately to support one of another. If the believers did not help one of another timely, then the land would become amphitheater of confusion and corruption, and great disturbance would spread.

 

Holy Qur’an began to reveal upon Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) in Makkah and with effect from its first revelation; the foundation of Islam was laid. He (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) lived for thirteen years in Makkah after the beginning of Islam and tried His best to teach the people of Makkah Islam, and caused to hear them the verses of Holy Qur’an, so that after hearing, that individual may convert to Islam and follow Its commands who desire; and change own life according to entirely its revelations.

 

The people of Makkah did not accept His (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) Saying. Moreover, they began to prevent others with force from embracing Islam. And not only they prevented verbally; but got ready to annoy and molest the Believers. It was against the humanity. Only accepting not; cannot be reason of fighting in Islam. But snatching someone’s freedom and saying: If you understand that Islam is a true religion, even then we shall not let you accept it. This is a natural reason of fight, but even then; during the stay in Makkah, the Muslims were not ordered to fight and they were commanded: Be patient.

 

Therefore, the Muslims tolerated as far as it was possible. Some people left their native land and went to Abyssinia, but the Infidels of Makkah did not refrain from their persistence. After that, the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) was commanded that they should go to Madinah.  

 

Even then, behavior of the people of Makkah remained the same; that if Islam is a true religion; even then we shall not permit any individual to accept it. Lastly, the Muslims were permitted to fight and they were commanded: No doubt they disbelieved, but they are not allowed to prevent others forcibly from their favorite thing. It is root of mischief. It should be removed. Strike with a sword against them. Sheathe it not until the confusion and corruption is over.

 

Remember! As far as they do not forget perverseness of seizing the freedom of other people, you should kill them wherever you find, plunder and destroy them, because they pursue to finish the foundation of humanity. And they want to cause to acknowledge their superiority forcibly from others by setting free their favorite thing.

 

You have to remove this stubbornness and establish the freedom of human conscience in the world, without any discussion on it that whether someone is Infidel, Jew, Christian or have any other religion/is without religion. If he/she is satisfied, is empowered, which religion wants, can adopt. However, freedom of speaking the truth should be established in the world. It is duty of every human being to fight against him and keep him under influence who desires to finish the freedom. So, you should fight against him whether he says himself a Muslim. A Muslim can never be a terrorist and a terrorist can never be a Muslim.

 

Those instructions which have been described here about relations among the disbelievers and the believers, from them; it aims those disbelievers who desire to prevent others with force from their favorite thing. However, those people who are not mischievous; but they do not accept Islam, form of relationship with them has been explained at another place, not here.

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Pak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)

620

Lessons from Holy Qur'an

God Almighty Sees what ye do

Lesson # 1027 from Noble Quran

God Almighty Sees what ye do

Surah ‘ANFAAL (SPOILS OF WAR) – Chapter – 8)

Stage – 2, Verse – 72b of 75, Section – 10 of 10 (Part – 10)

BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

72b.  And those who believed but did not leave their homes, ye have no duty to protect them till they leave their homes; but if they seek help from you in the matter of religion then it is your duty to help (them) except against a folk between whom and you there is a treaty. And Allah is Seer of what ye do.       72b.  Wallaziina  ‘aamanuu  wa  lam  yuhaajiruu  maa  lakum-minw-  walaayatihim-min-  shay-‘in  hattaa  yuhaa-jiruu.  Wa  ‘inistan-saruukum  fid-diini  fa-‘alay-kumun-nasru  ‘illaa ‘alaa  qawmim-  baynakum  wa  baynahum-Miisaaq.  WAllaahu  bi-maa  ta’-maluuna  Basiir.

Lesson

About those Muslims have been described in this verse, who could not come to Madinah by immigration but remained in Makkah, where infidels were in power and their order was executed. The people of the community of Madinah were not confederate in their peace and war. That is to say; if they had made any treaty of peace with the Infidels of Makkah expediently, then neither it was necessary for the Muslims of Madinah to be bound of that treaty and nor they could be heirs of those people; while they were living in Makkah.

 

It is commanded that the Muslims of Madinah should not interfere in the matters of those believers who are still living in Makkah, could not leave their homes due to any reason and could not immigrate to Madinah. However if they need any help in the religious matters, for example; the disbelievers begin to make them renegades violently; and do not accept the freedom of religion and conscience, and they think fit to tyrannize them only due to the reason that they are Muslims, and in such condition, if the Muslims of Makkah request you for help; being distressed, then it is your duty to help them. But if they request you for help against those people between whom and you there is already a treaty, then till they abide by the terms of treaty and do not break any term from those terms, you cannot help the Muslims of Makkah against them.

 

Be careful in this matter that whatever you do, your outward appearance and inward qualities should be equal, and think never that you can hide anything from God Almighty. He has been watching everything of you; whatever you are going to do. He is fully Aware of your outward and inward (both) equally.  

 

Those all commands which are being described in these verses, are only for those people of Makkah and Madinah who did exist during that period (primary years after Hijrah), because the fighting flamed up between them only due to the reason that the disbelievers of Makkah had girt their loins to oppress the Muslims unreasonably, that is to say; they did not accept it that every sensible and mature person has a power of choice that he/she may adopt the religion; whichever he/she desires to choose wisely. Denial of this freedom is root cause of outbreak, and as far as this root is not cut, the Muslims will continue fighting. Those wars which are not fought for maintaining this freedom, but for any other purpose, the orders for them will be the same; which will be according to the situation and a custom.  

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Pak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)

607

Lessons from Holy Qur'an

All Muslims are Protecting friends one of another

Lesson # 1026 from Noble Quran

All Muslims are Protecting friends one of another

Surah ‘ANFAAL (SPOILS OF WAR) – Chapter – 8)

Stage – 2, Verse – 72a of 75, Section – 10 of 10 (Part – 10)

BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

72a.  Lo! those who believed and left their homes and strove with their wealth and their lives for the Cause of Allah, and those who took them in and helped them, these are protecting friends one of another.      72a.  ‘Innal-laziina  ‘aamanuu  wa  haajaruu  wa  jaahaduu  bi-‘amwaa-lihim  wa  ‘anfu-sihim  fii  Sabii-LIllaahi  wallaziina  ‘aawaw-wa  nasaruuu  ‘ulaaa-‘ika  ba’-zuhum  ‘awli-yaaa-‘u  ba’-z.

Lesson

‘Aawaw – (took in), it is a past tense, which has been derived from the word maawaa. Maawaa means “residence, dwelling, abode”. ‘Iiwaa-‘un means “to provide place for living to someone else”.

 

At that time, the Muslims had been divided at two places. Some had come in Madinah with the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) after migration from Makkah, whereas some of them were staying still there and used to live together with the Infidels of Makkah. In this part of the verse; their relationship has been described which was required to be among the Muslims of Madinah mutually.

 

It is commanded that those people who believed, then migrated to Madinah and left their homes, and endowed their wealth and lives (both) for the Cause of God Almighty + (plus) those local Muslims of Madinah; who provided place and all other necessities of life for living to the Immigrants of Makkah, these both kinds of people are protecting friends and supporters one of another.

 

First kind of Muslims are called Muhajir (one who quits his native land), who accompanied the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) on His departure from Makkah to Madinah. Second kind of people is; those Muslims who are original inhabitants of Madinah. They are called “Ansaar”.

 

It has been described in this verse that these both groups make One collective community altogether. Their internal and external relations will be run on the same one way. Internal management will be one for all. In the beginning, Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) arranged this form that one Muhajir was made brother of one Ansaari, to such degree that an Ansaari handed over his one half wealth to his Muhajir brother and kept with him the second half.

 

These both persons were heirs mutually of each other too. That is to say; the Muslims of Madinah used to bring every matter to a conclusion with cooperation mutually. Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) was their Leader, Chieftain and a Guide. Their Law was Holy Qur’an. If they had to make a treaty of peace with any external tribe, that was collective and if they used to fight; it was also collectively. There was no difference of opinion into them in any matter.   

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Pak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)

597

Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Promise of Banu Hashim with Abu Talib

Lesson # 1025 from Noble Quran

Promise of Banu Hashim with Abu Talib

Surah ‘ANFAAL (SPOILS OF WAR) – Chapter – 8)

Stage – 2, Verses – 70 & 71 of 75, Section – 10 of 10 (Part – 10)

BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

70.  O Prophet! Say unto those captives who are in your hands:  If Allah knoweth any good in your hearts He will give you better than that which hath been taken from you, and will forgive you. And lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

 

71.  And if they would betray thee, they have betrayed Allah before, and He gave (thee) power over them. And Allah is Knower, Wise.    

70.  Yaaa-‘ayyuhan-Nabiyyu  qul-li-man-  fiii  ‘aydiikum-minal-‘asraaa,  ‘iny-ya’-laMIllaahu  fii  quluu-bikum  khay-rany-yu’-tikum  khayram-mim-maaa  ‘ukhiza  minkum  wa  yagfir-lakum.  WAllaahu  Gafuurur-Rahiim.

 

71.  Wa  ‘iny-yuriiduu  khiyaanataka  faqad  khaanUllaaha  min-  qablu  fa-‘amkana  minhum.  WAllaahu  ‘Aliimun  Hakiim.

Lesson

Allah Almighty commands: O Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him)! Those captives who have been captured by the Muslims in the Battle of Badr, and some of them who desire to enter in Islam, You should say to them! At this time, you can be freed from imprisonment only after paying the ransom. This is not the occasion of knowing about the reality of your Islam. You should deposit the ransom if you wish to go to your homes. After that God Almighty will examine you. If you entered in Islam really, wholeheartedly, and your intentions are observed fair, then He will give you too much that; comparing to which; this money; which you are going to pay as ransom for saving your lives, will be valueless. And along with it, He will forgive your previous errors and past sins also, because; as He is Forgiving, He is Merciful too. And He does not delay in Forgiving.

 

And if, O Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him)! The evil is in their hearts and at this time; they wish to accomplish their desires by betraying you, then it is not a big matter. They have betrayed God Almighty even in the past and broken their covenant after making it.

 

At first; they broke the covenant which was made by their souls i.e. when God Almighty asked from the entire human souls: Am I not your Lord? They all replied! You are our Lord. After coming in this world, they denied from accepting Him their Lord and involved in infidelity and ascribing plurality to Him.

 

Then, some of them are such people who are Banu Hashim and they promised before Abu Talib {paternal uncle of Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him)}: We shall support and side with Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) against the Infidels of Makkah. And today, they have come with the idolaters of Makkah to fight against You; breaking their treaty. God Almighty knows that which is in their hearts and He understands: How to deal with every individual. He will handle them properly.

 

Such covenant made by God Almighty was fulfilled. Those people who embraced Islam; their children performed as kings in the world. But those people, who did not become Muslims; they were destroyed.    

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Pak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)

587

Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Behavior with those who break the principles of human nature

Lesson # 1024 from Noble Quran

Behavior with those who break the principles of human nature

Surah ‘ANFAAL (SPOILS OF WAR) – Chapter – 8)

Stage – 2, Verses – 68 & 69 of 75, Section – 9 of 10 (Part – 10)

BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

68.  Had it not been for an ordinance of Allah which had gone before, an awful doom had come upon you on account of what ye took. 

 

69.  Now enjoy what ye have won, as lawful and good, and keep your duty to Allah. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.   

68.  Law-laa  kitaabum-mi-nAllaahi  sabaqa  lamassakum  fiimaaa  ‘akhaztum  ‘azaabun  ‘aziim.

 

69.  Fakuluu  mimmaa  ganimtum  halaalan  tayyibaa.  WattaqUllaah.  ‘InnAllaaha  Gafuurur-Rahiim.                   

Lesson

It was explained earlier that Muslims should not think about temporary benefits of the world, but they should meditate about its result before doing every work. If the people of Makkah had won against Islam, it would be meant that the freedom of the power of human’s thinking would be crushed. Practical consequence of which would be that whosoever desired, had chosen the tenet of operating others with force; by collecting apparent power, own disciples and followers, wealth and riches, war equipment and munitions etc. and the Peace would have been lost from the world. And only this pastime would have prevailed that everyone had to think about other people and keep them under own influence.

 

But God Almighty finalized this decision in the Holy Qur’an that you should ruin the enemies of the freedom of human conscience. Being kind on them is just like destroying the humanity and introducing the law of bestiality.

 

God Almighty commands in this verse that freeing the captives after getting ransom was too much big mistake at such occasion that a very stern torment could come, because concession with those who break the principles of human nature; is a strong reason of mandatory punishment. If the anguish has not come, then its reason is that Allah Almighty has already decided. And those decisions have been hindering at this time against the anguish from God Almighty, which are as under:

 

  • This favor with the captives was not shown intentionally, because Allah Almighty had not commanded about it clearly that after getting ransom; freeing the captives is forbidden. So, it was an error during diligence; and there is no punishment due to error in diligence.

 

  • The torment will not be sent in the presence of the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him).

 

  • The anguish will not come upon those people who beg pardon of God Almighty.

 

The Muslims were afraid of so much big menace and considered that they should not touch the wealth; which they received as ransom. Therefore, next; it is commanded: This error was not committed intentionally, so it is forgiven. That is good and lawful for you which you have already taken. Use it as you wish; and keep your duty to Allah Almighty in future. Have fear of God’s wrath. Beg pardon of Allah Almighty for that error which you have committed unknowingly. Be hopeful of the Mercy of God Almighty and believe that He forgives the sins and errors of those who repent and ask for His Mercy. And He bestows His blessing on His obedient servants.

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Pak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)

577

Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Result of setting the enemy free

Lesson # 1023 from Noble Quran

Result of setting the enemy free

Surah ‘ANFAAL (SPOILS OF WAR) – Chapter – 8)

Stage – 2, Verse – 67 of 75, Section – 9 of 10 (Part – 10)

BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

67.  It is not for any Prophet to have captives until he hath made slaughter in the land. Ye desire the lure of this word and Allah desireth (for you) the Hereafter. And Allah is Mighty, Wise.   67.  Maa  kaana  li-Nabiyyin  ‘any-yakuuna  lahuuu  ‘asraa  hattaa  yus-khina  fil-‘arz.  Turiiduuna  ‘arazad-dunyaa,  wAllaahu  yuriidul-‘Aakhirah.  WAllaahu  ‘Aziizun  Hakiim.                  

Lesson

‘Asraa – (captives, prisoners), this word is plural of ‘asiir, which is a section of Adjectives, and it has been derived from ‘asrun. ‘Asrun means “to prison, to arrest, to capture”. ‘Asiir means “a captive, a prisoner”.

 

Yus-khina – (should tyrannize or make slaughter), this word is from ‘is-khaan, which is made from sakhan. Sakhan means “cruelty, strictness, severity and affliction”. ‘Iskhaan means “to tyrannize, to oppress”. Here it aims “after getting an opportunity, at first, one should inspire the enemy with fear, so that the quarrelsome and rebellious people cease violence and by taking it warning; they leave the stubborn”.

 

In the Battle of Badr, seventy grandeur chieftains of Qureish were killed by Muslims and their seventy great people were arrested by the Muslims. At that time, a decision was required that “how the captives must be treated? Whether they should be set free after taking wealth or be slaughtered?

 

In this connection; the Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) asked His Companions (may Allah be pleased with them) about their opinion. Majority of them said: The captive should be released after getting compensation. But Umar and Sa’-d bin Ma-‘aaz (may God be pleased with them) gave their opinion that these people have troubled the Muslims very much, if they are left alive, they will set up any temptation against the Muslims again. But mostly people of them did not consider it suitable that they must be slain, because, later on possibly some of them may embrace Islam. Some people gave their opinion; being kind naturally that they should be forgiven after receiving ransom money. Some of them thought that the Muslims need wealth and economic goods this time, it would be better if they are released after taking money.

 

Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) decided that everyone must be set free after taking compensation against life. Therefore, they acted upon this decision. But; because it was against the political expediency, so this verse was revealed and they were informed that such deed was not good.

 

Badr was first Battle of Muslims. It was demand of political prudence that such tormentor enemy must be punished more severely, due to which, no vicious person may interrupt in safety and peace of the world in future. And it was commanded that “taking possession of wealth may be useful a little and only for a few days, but consequence of setting the enemies free is not good. So, although some of them embraced Islam, but maximum of them attacked next year again and seventy Muslims were martyred (in the Battle of ‘Uhud). Allah Almighty saved the Muslims from manifest defeat with His Mercy, otherwise they had arranged for themselves complete destruction.

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Pak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)

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