Lesson # 1040 from Noble Quran
Abiding by the terms of the Treaty of Hudaybiah
Surah ‘TAWBAH or BARAAA-‘AH (REPENTANCE) – Chapter – 9)
Stage – 2, Verse – 7 of 129, Section – 2 of 16 (Part – 10)
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
|7. How can there be a treaty with Allah and with His Messenger for the idolaters save those with whom ye made a treaty at the Inviolable Place of Worship? So long as they are true to you, be true to them. Lo! Allah loveth those who keep their duty.||7. Kayfa yakuunu lil-mush-rikiina ‘ahdun ‘indAllaahi wa ‘inda RasuuliHiii ‘illal-laziina ‘aa-hattum ‘indal-Masjidil-Haraam. Fa-mas-taqaamuu lakum fastaqiimuu lahum. ‘InnAllaaha yuhibbul-Muttaqiin.|
Mas-taqaamuu – (So long as they are true), ‘is-taqaamuu is past tense, origin of which is ‘istaqaamatun. From it, many words have come out; like – qawm, maqaam, qiaam, aqaamat, mustaqiim, qiaamat etc. ‘Istaqaamat means “straight”. The word Mustaqiim has been derived from it, as it has come in Holy Qur’an Siraatal Mustaqiim (the Straight Path). Next to it; the word fastaqiimuu has been used; which is a word of command, and which means “Be true or straight”.
In the beginning of first Section, which was beginning of this Surah (Chapter) too, a word “Baraaa-‘ah” was used, aim from which was that God Almighty and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) are neither responsible to abide by any treaty with the idolaters of Arab in future and nor will they make any new treaty with them. The second Section of this Surah begins from this verse, in which; the reason about the matter has been described that “why can any treaty not be made with them?”
It is commanded that there is no form of “treaty of alliance” by Allah Almighty and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) with the idolaters. However, those people, with whom you have made a treaty during “Peace Treaty of Hudaybiah” near “the Inviolable Place of Worship” (Masjidil-Haraam) (not to fight) for ten years, that Treaty will be fulfilled till the completion of the term, on the condition that they do not disobey the treaty which they have made with you and abide by the terms of the treaty. So long as they care for the terms of the peace treaty and remain true to you, you should abide by the terms also, be true to them and treat them straightforward as they treat you.
It was explained previously that Qureish (the idolaters) of Makkah broke the treaty and supported the tribe of Banu Bakr, who attacked over the tribe of Banu Khuza-‘ah, which was ally of Muslims, against the treaty. Therefore, resultant, the Muslims attacked over Makkah and conquered it.
In 9th AH during the occasion of Hajj-il-Akbar (The Greater Pilgrimage), it was proclaimed that in future, the Muslims will not be bound of any treaty. Postponement is only for four months. After that, the idolaters cannot dwell in the Peninsula of Arab. There were some such tribes at the time of announcement, which were included in the Treaty of Hudaybiah. Nine months had remained in completion of the Term of the Treaty. They abode by the terms, so they were not troubled till completion of the terms of treaty.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Pak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)