Lesson # 1036 from Noble Quran
Evacuation of non-Muslims from Arabian Peninsula
Surah ‘TAWBAH or BARAAA-‘AH (REPENTANCE) – Chapter – 9)
Stage – 2, Verse – 3 of 129, Section – 1 of 16 (Part – 10)
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
|3. And a proclamation from Allah and His Messenger to all men on the day of the Greater Pilgrimage that Allah is free from obligation to the idolaters, and (so is) His Messenger. So, if ye repent, it will be better for you; but if ye are averse, then know that ye cannot escape Allah. And give tidings (O Muhammad) of a painful doom to those who disbelieve-||3. Wa ‘azaanummi-nAllaahi wa Rasuuli-Hiii ‘ilan-naasi yawmal-Hajjil-‘Akbari ‘annAllaaha bariii-‘um-minal-mushrikiina, wa RasuuluH. Fa-‘in tubtum fa-huwa khayrul-lakum. Wa ‘in-ta-wallay-tum fa’-lamuuu ‘anna-kum gayru mu’-jiZillaah. Wa bashshi-rillaziina kafaruu bi-‘azaabin ‘aliim.|
‘Azaanun – (to cause to hear by calling), this word has been derived from taaziin, which is from ‘uzunun – as Salaam from tasliim and Kalaam from takliim. ‘Azanun means “to hear”, it also means “hitting someone’s ear”. Taaziin means “to cause to hear”. ‘Azaan means “a matter which is caused to hear”. It also means “The summons to prayers, a call for prayer”. From the same origin, a word ‘iznun has come out also, which means “the permission”, however; it does not have any relation here.
‘Al-Hajjul-‘Akbaru – (The Greater Pilgrimage), Hajj means “going anywhere intentionally”. There are two kinds of Hajj (Pilgrimage); the one is Greater, for which, proper dates i.e. 8th, 9th and 10th of the month of Dhu al-Hijjah are fixed. During these days, the entire Pilgrims gather in the fields of Arafaat and then Minaa. And the other Hajj is Short, which is called Umrah also. Neither any proper date is fixed for performing Umrah and nor it is necessary to assemble at any prescribed place.
In the earlier verses before this one, the aim from the “mushrikiin” is those idolaters; with whom; a treaty was made without fixing the period, that “we shall not fight each other mutually”, and those people were included in it too; with whom, no treaty was made. The both kinds of idolaters were caused to hear that “Freedom for you is only four months. Either you should embrace Islam during this period or leave the Peninsula of Arab, otherwise you will be killed”.
In this verse, mushrikiin means those people of Makkah and their allies, with whom a treaty was made for ten years at the place of Hudaybiah. Although; this treaty was broken by Qureish of Makkah, and it was the reason that Makkah was conquered, but after one year of the conquest of Makkah, during 9th AH, during the occasion of yearly Hajj (Pilgrimage), which was being performed under the supervision of Abu Bakr Siddique (May Allah be pleased with Him), these verses of Surah Tawbah were revealed in Madinah, and Ali (May Allah be pleased with Him) departed for Makkah with these verses and at the nick of the occasion of assembly of yearly Hajj, it was proclaimed: There is no appeasement with the idolaters from our side now. If the idolaters repent and enter in Islam, then it is better for them, otherwise, the Peninsula of Arab will be evacuated from the non-Muslims. And the idolaters cannot render Allah Almighty helpless, and there will be a painful doom for them.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Pak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)