Lessons from Holy Qur'an

A short view of this Chapter – 1

Lesson # 1031 from Noble Quran

A short view of this Chapter – 1

Surah ‘ANFAAL (SPOILS OF WAR) – Chapter – 8)

Stage – 2, Verse – 75 of 75, Section – 10 of 10 (Part – 10)

BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

Lesson

Lessons from Surah ‘Anfaal are over. Before going ahead, we should have to look concise into it and think: What does it teach us?

 

It is the actual aim of Islam that the entire human beings of the world should be gathered in one community and established their fundamental thoughts at one point. The life of Muhammad, Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) in Makkah, His conduct with the people and Chapters of Holy Qur’an; revealed in Makkah (all) support the same thing. In the terms of circumstances, His life in Makkah was not eminent from the life of common people. His employments and engagements for getting the necessities of life were the same as of the people of that period; for example; labor, working, grazing the cattle or trade etc.

 

However, He (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) behaved the people in such a way which can be of any most noble person of the world. Meeting every individual with open heart, neither deceiving and nor cheating anyone, taking care of the relatives, looking after the poor, widows and orphans, helping those who are in trouble, control over wishes, being a human; regard of self-respect, dignity and honor in all conditions, trying to fix the dignity of mankind by understanding it well, to hate those works which are against the humanity, not to bow humbly before anything of the world; and consider that the human being is superior to all creatures and that: the head can be bowed before Him only Who is most Superior to the human being (Creator of the entire universe), trust and good-well – these all things had taken place in His (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) nature. And such habits which have been settled down in the heart; are called Khulq (philanthropy, civility and hospitality). Khulq can be good as well as bad also. But His (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) all manners were best. When inspiration of Holy Qur’an began, it supported these good habits too; which had become His (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) Khulq. And the truth is that mutual misunderstanding of the human beings can be removed by adopting these habits. The people of Makkah accepted that He (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) was at the highest stage in the terms of Khulq.

 

Anyhow, the people of Makkah could not agree upon the teachings of Holy Qur’an, and they sacrificed the benefits of common people upon their a little personal benefit. It is understandable here that human religion is not filled in with force, but it arises from within the mankind. A perfect man runs upon that way naturally which has been fixed for the humankind according to his anatomy. The Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) chose that way Himself from His child-hood, which was in accordance with the human religion.

 

Therefore, the religion is the same, which Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) produced before the world by means of His habits, sayings and deeds, as though; He (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) had already chosen the way of religion on His own accord before the revelation of Holy Qur’an and hated those things which are against the human religion.

 

When His (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) religion became matured, manners were manifested clearly and all people gave evidence that He was the best mankind, then revelation of Holy Qur’an was begun, and that Path on which Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) was going; and those manners which He had adopted, Holy Qur’an saved them in words for ever, and the Way of His deeds was clarified and determined. And the seal of certification was affixed on His morals and habits.

 

It is proved by the verse of Holy Qur’an’Innaka  la-‘alaa  khuluqin  ‘aziim (You are found on a very brilliant philanthropy). And it is known also from His (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) Saying that someone asked from Aishah (may God be pleased with Her): Describe something about the Khulq of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). She (may God be pleased with Her) answered: His (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) Khulq is Holy Qur’an. And it is proved from the verse ‘Atii-‘Ullaaha wa ‘atii-‘ur-Rasuula and many other verses of Holy Qur’an like this; that Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) was already firm on the religion and the human philanthropy (Khulq). The Word of God Almighty attested and certified it, and strengthened His Belief (Iman) and commanded: Organize your deeds now from this Scripture. That Path on which You are going, is Straight and True.

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Pak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)

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Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Nearer kinsmen and distant relatives

Lesson # 1030 from Noble Quran

Nearer kinsmen and distant relatives

Surah ‘ANFAAL (SPOILS OF WAR) – Chapter – 8)

Stage – 2, Verse – 75 of 75, Section – 10 of 10 (Part – 10)

BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

75.  And those who afterwards believed and left their homes and strove along with you, they are of you; and those who are akin are nearer to one another in the ordinance of Allah. Lo! Allah is Knower of all things.          75.  Walla-ziina  ‘aamanuu  mim-ba’-du  wa  haa-jaruu  wa  jaahaduu  ma-‘akum  fa-‘ulaaa-‘ika  minkum.  Wa  ‘ulul-‘arhaami  ba’-zuhum  ‘awlaa  bi-ba’-zin-  fii  Kitaa-bIllaah.  ‘InnAllaaha  bi-kulli  shay-‘in  ‘Aliim.  

Lesson

It has been described in this verse that; those people who entered in Islam afterwards and believed, immigrated, came to Madinah and joined the earlier immigrants, helped them in their works and participated in their attempts and strife, they all are brothers one of another. Their internal and external relations are the same as of yours.

 

As if, the near relatives of previous immigrants come after accepting Islam and immigration, then they would be heirs of their relatives, and according to the Scripture of Allah Almighty (Holy Qur’an), which portion of kinsmen has been prescribed in the hereditary; the property of the dead person will be divided into them. Due to new brother-hood (among immigrants and inhabitants), they will not be deprived. A heritage will be distributed between the new brother-hood till such time; the actual kinsmen do not reach their relatives in Madinah after immigration. When they arrived at Madinah, then their right is at first priority in the portion of the deceased’s property. The legacy of the dead immigrant will be distributed among them only.

 

Everything is in the Knowledge of God Almighty, He knows it also that how the heritage should be divided and whose right is antecedent. On the basis of His Knowledge; He determined heirs of one another to the immigrants and the inhabitants (Muhajiriin and Ansaar) due to brotherhood.

 

After that, when kinsmen of the immigrants reached Madinah after immigration and joined them, then the original law about legacy was regularized. Therefore, the property of the dead person will be distributed in accordance with that law. And then; no one was authorized to decrease or increase any portion of heritage. However, if that individual, who is at the death’s door, does act of kindness with someone, he is entitled to do so up to one-third portion of his property. More than this portion of his last will; will be corrected and distributed according to the religious law.

 

‘Ulul-‘arhaami – (kinsmen, relatives), it is plural of zo-rihm. Rihm means “the womb, matrices, relations by the mother’s side”. Here; the aim from ‘ulul-‘arhaam  is “those entire near relatives whose portion has been prescribed in the property of the person who has died and those who are given remaining property after distributing the portions to rightful heirs”. Those relatives and kinsmen are also called Zawil-‘arhaam. First kind of people is called Zawil-furuuz and the second is ‘Asbah. Actual aim from this verse is “these entire relatives”.

 

According to the terminology of the Jurisprudence (Fiqah), those relatives have been included in ‘ulul-‘arhaam too; who are not Zawil-furuuz or ‘Asbah. The detail about their portion or right in the heritage has been mentioned in the Books of Fiqah. Instructions about them can be known from there.  

 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Pak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)

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