Lesson # 1029 from Noble Quran
God knows that who is Believer and who is not
Surah ‘ANFAAL (SPOILS OF WAR) – Chapter – 8)
Stage – 2, Verse – 74 of 75, Section – 10 of 10 (Part – 10)
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
|74. And those who believed and left their homes and strove for the Cause of Allah, and those who took them in and helped them – these are the believers in truth. For them is pardon, and bountiful provision.||74. Walla-ziina ‘aamanuu wa haa-jaruu wa jaahaduu fii Sabii-LIllaahi walla-ziina ‘aawaw-wa nasaruuu ‘ulaaa-‘ika humul-Mu’-mi-nuuna haqqaa. Lahum-mag-firatunw-wa rizqun- Kariim.|
Islam means subjection and obedience. That person is a Muslim who, whenever is commanded to perform any good work, obeys immediately. Condition of one’s heart is not under discussion. Whosoever became obedient and submissive to the Commands of God Almighty and Sayings of His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), became Muslim.
It comes out from this discussion that the individual who lived like Muslims and adopted the manners of own life as of the Muslims, from which; apparently no difference is seemed between the Muslims and that person, we shall also count him/her a Muslim under outward law. And we shall treat him/her as other Muslims.
It is duty of the Muslim society to keep the traditions and customs correct collectively. In all conditions, anyhow; that person will be considered a Muslim who accepts them. If false traditions and customs have been established, then entire community is responsible for it collectively. Only that person cannot be criticized who accepted. It is sufficient for making him/her a Muslim who accepted them.
However, that individual is higher in rank who believed wholeheartedly and admitted sincerely. Some fortunate people get this belief in the beginning sometimes, but maximum people attain such belief sometime more and sometime less gradually, running on outward instructions of Islam, and it can be recognized by means of some tokens and signs, which are mentioned in the Sayings (Ahaadith) of Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). This Belief, Certainty and Confidence is called Iman.
Some people are so much fortunate that Holy Qur’an has admitted their Belief and Fidelity, and has verified clearly that they are Believers. Besides this, the proof regarding some people exists that they are Believers and Heavenly; according to the Sayings of Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). Others people are filed in Islam but it is not in our power to say about them that they are certainly Believers. In whom we observe the signs of Belief in accord with the Commands of Allah Almighty and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), we can presume only that they are Believers.
The Muslims, who immigrated from Makkah (Muhaajiriin) and inhabitants of Madinah (Ansaar) are called in this verse that in truth they are Believers, because immigrants sacrificed their lives, kin and everything for the Cause of God Almighty, whereas inhabitants of Madinah took them in and helped them in all respect.
Those people who say that condition of the belief of every individual is the same, neither it increases and nor decreases, aim of them from Iman (Belief) is Islam, relation of which is with outward deeds. Remaining people who are convinced that the Belief increases as well as decreases, aim of them from the Belief is such internal certainty which cannot be known by any other except Allah Almighty.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Pak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)