Lesson # 1006 from Noble Quran
Reason of Muslims’ success in Badr
Surah ‘ANFAAL (SPOILS OF WAR) – Chapter – 8)
Stage – 2, Verse – 44 of 75, Section – 5 of 10 (Part – 10)
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
|44. And when He made you (Muslims), when ye met (them), see them with your eyes as few, and lessened you in their eyes, (it was) that Allah might conclude a thing that must be done. And unto Allah all things are brought back.||44. Wa ‘iz yurii-kumuu-Hum ‘izilta-qaytum fiii ‘a’-yunikum qaliilanw-wa yuqallilu-kum fiii ‘a’-yunihim liyaqzi-yAllaahu ‘amran- kaana maf-‘uulaa. Wa ‘ilAllaahi turja-‘ul-‘umuur.|
It was the Will of God Almighty that a battle must be fought at Badr, because He had decided very earlier to uphold Islam and defeat the disbelievers. Besides this, He desired to teach the Muslims that the victory does not depend on more manpower strength, apparent excessive munitions, pomp and show. The heart of the man must be strong and full trust must rest upon Allah Almighty that before His help; more strength of enemy’s Army and having more than enough munitions are useless.
The idolaters were more in numbers. They had riches and were fully equipped with weapons and equipment. If the Muslims had known their actual condition, there was a fear of losing their spirit and courage. Therefore, at first, Allah Almighty showed His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) in His dream that the infidels are few in numbers. Hence, the Muslims rose up with courage. Then, when both parties were face to face, there was a strange spectacle, which has been described in this verse.
It is commanded that when you stood still in the battlefield to fight against the disbelievers, even then, Allah Almighty did not let to manifest upon you their actual strength. In your eyes they were only a handful people, whereas they were threefold more than your strength. Like this, when they saw your people, they estimated that the Muslims are few in numbers.
It was the reason that both enemies of one another had courage that they would defeat the opponents immediately. They thought that it was not difficult to overpower the people who are few in numbers. Then the war began because it was decision of Allah Almighty that the battle would be certain and the power of disbelievers would be broken for ever by means of this war.
After that, it is commanded that Allah Almighty settles for every work. Every happening is submitted in His Court and that is done when He commands to happen. Would that the present Muslims have such faith as the first Muslims had. Due to this certainty, such power and courage is born in the heart which is unspeakable.
In the beginning of the battle, which the infidels considered that the Muslims are few in numbers, its purpose was to start the war. But when the battle began, the disbelievers knew that crowd upon crowd of Muslims were ascending. They considered them too much in numbers that it was difficult to guess their strength. It was the reason that the Muslims succeeded. God Almighty commanded in Surah ‘Aali- ‘Imran that the idolaters were seeing the Muslims double in numbers from them.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Pak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)