Lesson # 931 from the Noble Quran
Messenger enjoins for that which is right
Surah ‘A’-RAAF (The Heights) – Chapter – 7)
Stage – 2, Verse – 157a of 206, Section – 19 of 24 (Part – 9)
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
|Those who follow the Messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write, whom they will find described in the Torah and the Gospel (which are) with them; he enjoins on them that which is right and forbids them that which is wrong and he makes lawful for them all good things and prohibits for them only the foul; and he relieves them of their burden and the fetters that they used to wear.||‘Allaziina yattabi-‘uunar-Rasuulan-Nabiyyal-‘Ummiyyallazii yajiduunahuu maktuuban ‘indahum fit-Taw-raati wal-‘Injiil. Ya’-muruhum bil-ma’-ruufi wa yan-haahum ‘anil-munkari wa yuhillu lahumut-tayyi-baati wa yuharri-mu ‘alayhimul-khabaaa-‘isa wa yaza-‘u ‘anhum ‘israhum wal—‘aglaa-lallatii kaanat ‘alayhim.|
‘Al-‘Ummiyyi – it is a betrothed noun, which can be betrothed towards three things: ‘Ummun (the Mother), ‘Ummul-quraa (Mecca, Makkah) and ‘Ummah (the Nation).
‘Ummun (the Mother) – according to this meaning, it aims that “Exactly the same; as born from the womb”, that is to say; neither learned from anyone, nor read and nor can write.
‘Ummul-quraa (Mecca, Makkah) – Resident of Makkah,
‘Ummah (the Nation) – As Illiterate, as the other common people of Arab were.
It was described in the previous verse that only those people deserve the particular Mercy of Allah Almighty who fear God Almighty and ward off evil, who are liberal and believe in Allah Almighty. In this verse, another attribute of those people have been mentioned, which must have.
It is commanded that another condition along with the above is that: they should follow the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), Who neither can read nor write but the Prophet, mention of Which exists in their Scriptures i.e. Torah and Gospel. And they should follow whatever He (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) say to them.
This Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) enjoins on them that which is right and forbid them that which is wrong and commands them that; all good things are lawful for them, so they should eat and drink them, but they should keep themselves away from those things; which are impure, foul and stinking. And He (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) sets up for them convenient methods by removing stringent restrictions.
Obviously, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) is such Messenger that, Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) supplicated that His nation should be given highest degree in the world and the Hereafter. Allah Almighty said in response: They should fear Allah, ward off evils, be generous and believers, and they should obey the Sayings of last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) when He will come in the world, because dignity of both worlds (this world and the Hereafter) has been specified for them only who will follow the Messenger Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and recognize Him from those Signs which will be revealed with His Teachings.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)