Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Both punishments – terror and humiliation

Lesson # 927 from the Noble Quran

Both punishments – terror and humiliation

Surah ‘A’-RAAF (The Heights) – Chapter – 7)

 Stage – 2, Verses – 152 & 153 of 206, Section – 19 of 24 (Part – 9)



In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

152.  Lo! Those who chose the calf (for worship), terror from their Lord and humiliation will come upon them in the life of the world. And thus do We requite those who invent a lie.

153.  And those who do ill-deeds and afterward repent and believe – lo! for them, afterward, Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.               

152.  ‘Innal-laziinat-takha-zul-‘ijla  sa-yanaalu-hum,  gazabum-mir-Rabbihim  wa  Zillatun-  fil-hayaatid-dunyaa.  Wa  kazaalika  najzil-muftariin. 


153.  Walla-ziina  ‘amilus-sayyi-‘aati  summa  taabuu  mim-  ba’-dihaa  wa  ‘aamanuuu  ‘inna  Rabbaka  mim-  ba’-dihaa  la-Gafuurur-Rahiim.        


Sa-yanaalu-hum  – (will come upon them shortly), sa – means shortly, nearly. The word Yanaalu has been derived from niil. Niil means “to find, to get”. Hum means “to them”. Dunyaa means “the world”. Here, this word has been used as adjective and it is feminine of ‘adnaa. ‘Adnaa is an explanatory particle, that is to say; more close. These are the meanings of dunyaa. Only its form is feminine. It has been made from danawa, which means to be close, near.


It is commanded: O Moses (peace be upon Him)! Cause to hear them, who caused to make a calf and did worship it, that, terror and humiliation (both) will come upon them from their Lord in this world. Allah Almighty commands that He gives the same punishment to those people, who design new ways of worship and other matters, and include them into the religion themselves. And then, they consider it real religion. These people coat false over the religion and wish to make it a game and jest, so that; anyone may do whatever one desires, and then, introduce it as a religion in the public. Such people open the way of straying for the human beings and want that the religion should be subject to in obedience to them.


In Islam, there is no form of forgiveness without sincere repentance by such people. However, those individuals, who repented sincerely according to the prescribed rule of Allah Almighty and proved their sincerity and truthfulness and became true believers, then God Almighty will forgive them after such repentance and belief, and will have mercy on them, that is to say; they will not be punished on the Day of Resurrection.


The method of repentance, which Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) told them with the Command of Allah Almighty has been mentioned in Surah Baqarah (Chapter – 2), that; those people, who did not worship the calf, should kill them who did worship the calf. In it, both punishments i.e. terror and humiliation have been included. It is known from these verses that in Islam, punishment for the apostasy is “killing”.


Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)

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