Lesson # 887 from the Noble Quran
The fair ordering
Surah ‘A’-RAAF (The Heights) – Chapter – 7)
Stage – 2, Verse – 85b of 206, Section – 11 of 24 (Part – 8)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
|so give full measure and full weight and wrong not mankind in their goods, and work not confusion in the earth after the fair ordering thereof. That will be better for you, if ye are believers.||Fa-‘awful-kayla wal-miizaana wa laa tab-khasun-naasa ‘ash-yaaa-‘ahum wa laa tufsiduu fil-‘arzi ba’-da ‘is-laahihaa. Zaalikum khay-rullakum ‘in kuntum-Mu’-miniin.|
It has been mentioned in this verse that, from which wicked deeds, Prophet Shu-aib (peace be upon Him) desired to forbid His nation, and which words, He used to cause to understand them for this purpose. The evils, described in the verse, had been in force into the people of Madian.
It is commanded that Prophet Shu-aib (peace be upon Him) said to His nation: those things, which you give to other people after taking full payment, if those belong to measurement, you should measure them at full scale, if those are relating to weight, then you should weigh them with full weight. You should not give the commodities of necessities to the people with less than required weight, and while the method of bargaining has been settled and the people began to perform their jobs satisfactorily, then now you should not raise unlawful quarrels by measuring or weighing less than the required quantity and depriving their rights.
You should not consider that if you deprived the right of any feeble person, he will say nothing being a poor, helpless and miserable. The individual, who believes in Allah Almighty, can never think so. He knows that: Allah Almighty is Lord also of that poor, helpless and miserable person as of me. If I shall trouble any junior/inferior person, considering myself senior/superior, God Almighty will punish me in its retribution, because I am going to harm one of His servants without any reason and molesting him.
It seems that during that era, any kind of currency i.e. $, Pd or any kind of coin was not yet introduced or if, there was, then it was not common. Then barter system was in use, that is to say; if anyone had any kind of one commodity, he used to exchange it according to own necessities. Rates of bazaar were fixed that; after giving a certain thing, you can get so and so of own necessity as that quantity. Therefore, seller and purchaser used to give and take by measuring and weighing, keeping account of the rate of their commodities.
In Madian, this selfishness had arisen that the individual, who had commodity of necessity, he used to take the commodity of its actual measure or weight, but he used to give own commodity to the necessitous individual, less in quantity than the market rate. Anyhow, the order for price is the same, whether that is commodity or cash, that, when the price has been taken in full, then the commodity should also be given with full measure or weight.
Prophet Shu-aib (peace be upon Him) made this wickedness clear and urged to remove this tendency because at the time of taking anything, taking it at full scale and at the time of giving anything; giving less in weight or measure; is just like depriving the right of any other; and marring the concluded rate of bazaar, which means “working confusion in the earth after the fair ordering thereof.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)