Lessons from Holy Qur'an

Our Lord verily is Forgiving, Merciful

Lesson # 818 from the Noble Quran

Our Lord verily is Forgiving, Merciful

Surah ‘Al-‘An-‘aam (Cattle) – Chapter – 6)–Stage – 2

Verse – 165 of 165, Section – 20 of 20 (Part – 8)


In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

He it is Who hath placed you as viceroy of the earth and hath exalted some of you in rank above others, that He may try you by (the test of) that which He hath given you. Lo! Thy Lord is Swift in prosecution, and lo! He verily is Forgiving, Merciful                Wa  Huwal-lazii ja-‘alakum  khalaaa-‘ifal-‘arzi  wa  rafa-‘a  ba’-zakum  fawqa  ba’-zin  darajaa-til-li-yabluwa-kum  fii  maaa  ‘aataa-kum.  ‘Inna  Rabbaka  Sarii-‘ul-‘iqaabi  wa  ‘innaHuu  la-Gafuurur-Rahiim.  



Khalaaa-‘ifa – (vicegerents), this word is plural of Khaliifah. The meaning of Khaliifah has passed in fourth Section of Second Chapter (Surah ‘Al-Baqarah) ‘Innii jaaa_’ilun fil ‘ardi khalifah. “I will create a vicegerent on earth.” (verse: 30). We can understand clearly from the under reference verse that the mankind is viceroy of Allah Almighty on the earth. It means that He has sent down the human being with some special powers and authorities, so that He may take here some Work of His own from the mankind and bestow them rewards according to every individual’s personal deeds, whatsoever they performed in this world. This Chapter was revealed already in Makkah, whereas Surah ‘Al-Baqarah was revealed later in Madinah. So Surah ‘Al-Baqarah should be considered as explanation of this Chapter. Its explanation exists also in some more Chapters revealed in Makkah i.e. the next Chapter i.e. “‘Al-‘A’-raaf”etc.


It has been commanded in this verse that Allah Almighty has placed you; that is to say; the humankind, the rank of viceroy on the earth and empowered every individual in different matters and prescribed some works, which are necessary to be done by every human being. There are different ranks for different people and this difference is visible in the both kind of powers i.e. physical as well as spiritual. Some are strong and some weak, some are intelligent and some dull headed. Every person is odd from others in the position/devising. Similarly, necessities of everyone are different too, for example; some are rich while the others are poor, some are handsome and some ugly.


Allah Almighty has kept this difference among the human beings for the purpose that He wishes to test all of them in accord with every individual’s personal knowledge and ability. He will award or reward every human being according to everyone’s personal failure or success. Surely He will not delay to punish, when the time will come.


However, if some omission or any fault is committed in obedience of His command, He is Forgiving. He gives reward too with His Mercy to them, who do good. A complete Code for living in the world has been described in this verse, for those, who think that “What is the rank of Mankind in the World and what he would have to do in accordance with his rank?”


It is a matter of artifice that every human being is required to be tested by that, whatsoever has he/she been given as strong man’s strength is not his own, but is given by Allah Almighty. That strength has not been given to him to press the feeble people, but it should be used to help and support them. The wealth of the rich is also for his test. If he will spend his wealth to fulfill his/her own sensual desires and useless pomp and show, will be punished certainly. If he will give it to the needy people for the sake of Allah Almighty, will succeed. Likewise, whatever has been given to anyone is given to use it according to the Will of Allah Almighty.   


Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)