Lesson # 649 From Holy Qur’aan
Way of the Jews and the Christians
‘Al-Maaa-‘idah (the Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)–Stage – 2
Verses – 85 & 86 of 120, Section – 11 of 16 (Part – 7)
In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
|85. Therefore Allaah hath rewarded them for their saying so – Gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide for ever. And that is the reward of the good.
86. But those who disbelieved and denied Our Revelations, they are owners of Hell-fire.
|85. Fa-‘asaabahu-MUllaahu bimaa qaaluu jannaatin- tajrii min- tahtihal- ‘anhaaru khaalidiina fiihaa. Wa zaalika jazaaa-‘ul- Muh-siniin.
86. Wallaziina kafaruu wa kazzabuu bi-‘Aayaa-tiNaaa ‘ulaaa-‘ika ‘As-haabul-Jahiim.
‘Asaaba – (rewarded), it is from ‘asaabata, it has been derived from Sawaab, which means ‘the future reward of a virtue’. ‘Asaaba means rewarded. ‘As-haabun – (owners), it is plural of Saahib,which has been derived from Suhbat. Suhbat means ‘society, company, meeting’. Saahib means ‘companion, friend, guardian of anything forever’. Along with any other word, its meaning will become ‘owner’. ‘As-haabul-jannah – ‘the owners of Paradise’, and ‘As-haabul-Jahiim (Naar) – ‘the owners of Hell-fire’.
The people who listened Holy Qur’aan from Prophet Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and said, “He (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) is a True Messenger, and this (Holy Qur’aan) is a True Scripture”, for them Allaah Almighty has suggested a very good reward in retaliation of their saying so, which will be given them in the Hereafter and since Allaah Almighty shall fulfill His promise surely. Therefore; it is commanded in this verse, “(Allaah) has rewarded”. Many of these people were the Christians and less in numbers were the Jews, who believed by listening to the Holy Qur’aan. Due to this reason, it was told in previous verses, that the Jews are vehement in enmity of the Muslims and the Christians are not too much severe. After that, it has been described that it does not depend on the Christians and the Jews. Whichever nation would have these qualities i.e. the knowledge of the religion, disinclination from the worldly gains and having not haughtiness, they will begin to love the Muslims very soon; otherwise they will be vehement in enmity of the Muslims.
It is commanded that Allaah Almighty will reward them (Believers) Gardens, underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever. And that is the reward of the good because of their recognition of the Truth and saying: “Our Lord! We have believed; so inscribe us as among the witnesses. And why should we not believe in Allaah and that which has come unto us of the Truth; and why should we not hope that our Lord will bring us in along with righteous folk? But those who disbelieve and deny Our Revelations, they are owners of Hell-fire”.
Holy Qur’aan desires to guide the human beings to go the way, on which there is ease and comfort for everyone in this world and immortal pleasure after death forever. In fact this way has been established for the human being. Leaving this way, whichever way he will choose, he will repent. And if he is seen apparently escaped in this world, even then he cannot obtain real happiness, and certainly he would have to suffer very severe punishment after death.
Method of Holy Qur’aan about causing to understand the people is so much strange that it is impossible for anyone if that person thinks on it deeply and does not understand it. But the difficulty is that everyone is not lucky enough to meditate in it with a cold heart. Some such intricacies come between that neither the opportunity of hearing is gotten, nor of reciting and nor of understanding. Moreover, some people become opposite and at last they set their heart, “We do not know that what he says. We shall do that what we wish”.
This is utmost bad luck of the human being. Holy Qur’aan is aware that it will be treated in this way, but even then it does not give up admonishing due to this reason. Neither it cares nor has any fear of anyone’s stubbornness, animosity or opposition. Whatever it has to clear, it describes in its fixed manner very easily and strongly.
In this Chapter, Secrets of the Infidels, the Disbelievers, the Christians, the Jews and the Hypocrites are being disclosed. And its purpose is that the person, whosoever wishes to be saved from these evils, should escape and adapt the right path. From all of these five types of the people, whoever wants to arrange one’s worldly life and the Day of Resurrection, can dress them by believing and doing good works. Otherwise he will repent, and a time will come when he will cry, mourn and weep.
The Jews and the Christians have been discussed more frequently because of the expectation that they would understand the matter, refrain themselves from the depravity and prevent others also. But the Jews were in the condition that in the past times, they turned away after admitting that they were good and tormented their Advisers. Even that they used to slay the Prophets (peace be upon them). The Christians were somewhat better than them. They did not practice that hatred behavior against the Muslims which the Jews did. But alas! They also did not believe in Islam and the Messenger of Islam (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), and trapped in their own thoughts. At the end, this lesson teaches that only that person will reap the advantage from Islam who will learn the knowledge of Islam, will not be wisher of the worldly gains and will not consider himself great than others. That is to say; would not be proud. The former Christians had these qualities, but the Jews did not. Therefore their hearts used to incline towards Islam sooner than the Jews. We should meditate deeply in the previous lessons and then judge ourselves that whether we have those evils or not, which the Jews had. And if (God forbid) we find any evil like them in ourselves then we should purify ourselves from it.
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)